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  • intestine
  • In a vesicointestinal fistula , there is leakage of urine from the bladder into the intestine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Enterocutaneous fistula: between the intestine and the skin surface, namely from the duodenum or the jejunum or the ileum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine is prevented by various mechanical and chemical factors which include the constant peristaltic movement of contents along the length of the gastrointestinal tract and the antibacterial properties of gastric secretions, pancreatic secretions and bile. (wikipedia.org)
  • feces
  • Various surgical procedures are commonly used, most commonly fistulotomy, placement of a seton (a cord that is passed through the path of the fistula to keep it open for draining), or an endorectal flap procedure (where healthy tissue is pulled over the internal side of the fistula to keep feces or other material from reinfecting the channel). (wikipedia.org)
  • bypass surgery
  • Gastric Bypass Surgery is planned and intended for those who are suffering from severe obesity and it is considered as a convenient and effective long-term weight loss solution for who have struggled with all available weight loss options & dieting tips to reduce weight. (amazonaws.com)
  • pancreatic
  • The pancreas further produces large amounts of bicarbonate and secretes bicarbonate through the pancreatic duct to the duodenum to completely neutralize any gastric acid that passes further down into the digestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • closure
  • The closure of perforations, gastro-gastric, or intestinal fistulas usually requires invasive open or laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia and can be complex surgeries due to their reoperative or inflammatory nature. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Fistula closure was obtained after one, two and three sessions in 6 (30%), 11 (55%) and 3 (15%) patients, respectively. (scielo.br)
  • colonic
  • Traditional surgical approaches include gastrostomy followed by gastric pull-up, colonic transposition and jejunum transposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • anastomosis
  • It is surgically corrected, with resection of any fistula and anastomosis of any discontinuous segments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fistulae are usually secondary to prior vascular surgery and usually occur at the proximal anastomosis at the third or fourth portion of the duodenum where it is retroperitoneal and near the aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Preoperative diagnosis of gastric fistula of hydatid disease can be made with radiological studies, the presence of air-fluid levels and determination of the site of communication in computed tomography are helpful features for the diagnosis . (eurorad.org)
  • It is important to note that surgical treatment of a fistula without diagnosis or management of the underlying condition, if any, is not recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • mucus
  • Recently, it has been thought that sucralfate also stimulates the production of prostaglandin E2, epidermal growth factors (EGF), bFGF, and gastric mucus. (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • In women, difficult labor in childbirth may result in formation of a vesicovaginal fistula between the bladder and the vagina with resulting leakage of urine into the vagina. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Along with UUN, values for BUN, protein content of diet, enteral or parenteral nutrition, and notable outputs other than urine (gastric residual, fistula output, drainages) are needed to calculate nitrogen balance. (wikipedia.org)
  • suture
  • Conclusions- Gastric suture line leaks after LSG might present formidable treatment challenge. (sages.org)
  • abnormal connection
  • A fistula is an abnormal connection between two hollow spaces (technically, two epithelialized surfaces), such as blood vessels, intestines, or other hollow organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A fistula, from the Latin meaning 'a pipe', is an abnormal connection running either between two tubes or between a tube and a surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal
  • Admission abdominal CT revealed a partially collapsed calcified hepatic cyst in the left liver lobe, adjacent to the gastric wall and with a endoluminal air-fluid level. (eurorad.org)
  • abdominal fistula one between a hollow abdominal organ and the surface of the abdomen. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • rectal
  • Prompt treatment with a combination of sucrasulfate enema and coagulation is effective in controlling Grade 1 and 2 rectal bleeding without the development of fistula or stricture. (wikipedia.org)
  • esophagus
  • The most immediate and effective treatment in the majority of cases is a surgical repair to close the fistula/s and reconnect the two ends of the esophagus to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Fistulas at different places of the body may be caused by tuberculosis , actinomycosis (a fungus infection), the presence of diverticula , or certain other serious diseases, and the fistula itself may be a site of infection and discomfort. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • physiology
  • Beaumont published the account of his experiments in 1838 as Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice, and the Physiology of Digestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The eminent physician Sir William Osler took a great interest in retracing the details of this early incident in the history of gastric physiology and published his research in the form of a well-known essay entitled A Backwoods Physiologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • A commercially available flexible endoscope will be inserted through the mouth and the fistula or perforation will be closed using the Tissue Approximation System (Ethicon Endo Surgery, Cincinnati, OH). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • like other kinds of fistula, it can be corrected by surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fistulas are usually caused by injury or surgery, but they can also result from an infection or inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgery is often required to assure adequate drainage of the fistula (so that pus may escape without forming an abscess). (wikipedia.org)
  • These conditions include: Strictures Fistulae Diverticula Sabiston textbook of surgery board review, 7th edition. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • Various causes of fistula include: Treatment for fistula varies depending on the cause and extent of the fistula, but often involves surgical intervention combined with antibiotic therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • tract
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (performed because of dyspepsia, epigastric pain and anemia) demonstrated mucosal ulceration associated with a patent fistulous tract in the small curvature of the gastric body. (eurorad.org)
  • peptic ulcer
  • Radiation poisoning Viral hemorrhagic fevers Gastroenteritis Gastritis Peptic ulcer Chronic viral hepatitis Intestinal schistosomiasis (caused by the parasite Schistosoma mansoni) History of smoking Iatrogenic injury (invasive procedure such as endoscopy or transesophageal echocardiography) Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (severe peptic ulcer) Atrio-oesophageal fistula Yellow fever Hematemesis is treated as a medical emergency. (wikipedia.org)
  • mucus
  • Recently, it has been thought that sucralfate also stimulates the production of prostaglandin E2, epidermal growth factors (EGF), bFGF, and gastric mucus. (wikipedia.org)
  • rectal
  • Prompt treatment with a combination of sucrasulfate enema and coagulation is effective in controlling Grade 1 and 2 rectal bleeding without the development of fistula or stricture. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • When gastritis persists in a chronic state, it is associated with several diseases, including atrophic gastritis, pyloric stenosis, and gastric cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiology
  • The doctor actually gained enormous prestige from his research, which he published in his book Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. (wn.com)
  • St Martin was treated by American army surgeon William Beaumont, who subsequently used St Martin as the subject of a pioneering series of experiments in gastric physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • branches
  • There are additional smaller branches given off by the right gastric artery which is also derived from the celiac artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Typically the first step in treating a fistula is an examination by a doctor to determine the extent and "path" that the fistula takes through the tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various surgical procedures are commonly used, most commonly fistulotomy, placement of a seton (a cord that is passed through the path of the fistula to keep it open for draining), or an endorectal flap procedure (where healthy tissue is pulled over the internal side of the fistula to keep feces or other material from reinfecting the channel). (wikipedia.org)
  • success
  • Interventional radiologist is able to salvage hemodialysis access fistulas with excellent clinical success. (eg.net)
  • seen
  • The football sign is most frequently seen in infants with spontaneous or iatrogenic gastric perforation causing pneumoperitoneum. (wikipedia.org)