• feces
  • Various surgical procedures are commonly used, most commonly fistulotomy, placement of a seton (a cord that is passed through the path of the fistula to keep it open for draining), or an endorectal flap procedure (where healthy tissue is pulled over the internal side of the fistula to keep feces or other material from reinfecting the channel). (wikipedia.org)
  • pancreatic
  • The overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine is prevented by various mechanical and chemical factors which include the constant peristaltic movement of contents along the length of the gastrointestinal tract and the antibacterial properties of gastric secretions, pancreatic secretions and bile. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pancreas further produces large amounts of bicarbonate and secretes bicarbonate through the pancreatic duct to the duodenum to completely neutralize any gastric acid that passes further down into the digestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiology
  • The doctor actually gained enormous prestige from his research, which he published in his book Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. (wn.com)
  • Beaumont published the account of his experiments in 1838 as Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice, and the Physiology of Digestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The eminent physician Sir William Osler took a great interest in retracing the details of this early incident in the history of gastric physiology and published his research in the form of a well-known essay entitled A Backwoods Physiologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • secretions
  • There are three phases in the secretion of gastric acid which increase the secretion rate in order to digest a meal: The cephalic phase: Thirty percent of the total gastric acid secretions to be produced is stimulated by anticipation of eating and the smell or taste of food. (wikipedia.org)
  • mucus
  • Recently, it has been thought that sucralfate also stimulates the production of prostaglandin E2, epidermal growth factors (EGF), bFGF, and gastric mucus. (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • In women, difficult labor in childbirth may result in formation of a vesicovaginal fistula between the bladder and the vagina with resulting leakage of urine into the vagina. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Along with UUN, values for BUN, protein content of diet, enteral or parenteral nutrition, and notable outputs other than urine (gastric residual, fistula output, drainages) are needed to calculate nitrogen balance. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal connection
  • A fistula is an abnormal connection between two hollow spaces (technically, two epithelialized surfaces), such as blood vessels, intestines, or other hollow organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A fistula, from the Latin meaning 'a pipe', is an abnormal connection running either between two tubes or between a tube and a surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • rectal
  • Prompt treatment with a combination of sucrasulfate enema and coagulation is effective in controlling Grade 1 and 2 rectal bleeding without the development of fistula or stricture. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Fistulas at different places of the body may be caused by tuberculosis , actinomycosis (a fungus infection), the presence of diverticula , or certain other serious diseases, and the fistula itself may be a site of infection and discomfort. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • surgery
  • A commercially available flexible endoscope will be inserted through the mouth and the fistula or perforation will be closed using the Tissue Approximation System (Ethicon Endo Surgery, Cincinnati, OH). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • like other kinds of fistula, it can be corrected by surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fistulas are usually caused by injury or surgery, but they can also result from an infection or inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some cases the fistula is temporarily covered, for example a fistula caused by cleft palate is often treated with a palatal obturator to delay the need for surgery to a more appropriate age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgery is often required to assure adequate drainage of the fistula (so that pus may escape without forming an abscess). (wikipedia.org)
  • These conditions include: Strictures Fistulae Diverticula Sabiston textbook of surgery board review, 7th edition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proton
  • This very large (>106-fold) H+ gradient is generated by the gastric H+/K+ ATPase which is an ATP-driven proton pump. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • Objective: The proposed use of full thickness tissue anchors adds a new surgical aspect to the endoscopic treatment of fistulas and perforations by offering a robust suture like closure of defects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Various causes of fistula include: Treatment for fistula varies depending on the cause and extent of the fistula, but often involves surgical intervention combined with antibiotic therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note that surgical treatment of a fistula without diagnosis or management of the underlying condition, if any, is not recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • balloon
  • To this end, we have shown that gastric balloon distension with two paradigms designed to preferentially stimulate different types of gastric mechanosensors produced similar topographical patterns of neuronal activation in the rat caudal brain stem, with a similar proportion of catecholaminergic neurons recruited ( 28 ). (physiology.org)