• stomach
  • With Ménétrier disease, the stomach is characterized by large, tortuous gastric folds in the fundus and body of the stomach, with antrum generally spared, giving the mucosa a cobblestone or cerebriform (brain-like) appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Administration methods directly into the stomach include those by gastric feeding tube or gastrostomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gastric bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower "remnant" pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestine
  • Signs include acute onset of moderate to severe pain, large volumes of gastric reflux (4-20 L per decompression) which is usually orange-brown and fetid, distended small intestine (up to 5-7 cm in diameter) palpable on rectal examination, fever, depression, increased heart rate (>60 bpm), increased respiratory rate, prolonged CRT, and darkened mucous membranes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distention of the small intestine may be less than what is felt on rectal examination of horses with obstruction, especially after gastric decompression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgeons have developed several different ways to reconnect the intestine, thus leading to several different gastric bypass (GBP) procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Studies further suggest a significant impact of leptin on specific respiratory diseases, including obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome, asthma, COPD and lung cancer. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We review herein the current understanding on the actions of leptin in the lung, and summarize the recent advances on its role in the pathophysiology of respiratory diseases. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Accumulation of viscous, poorly dispersed, and less transportable mucus leading to improper mucus rheology and dysfunctional mucociliary clearance are typically found to associate with many respiratory diseases such as asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF), and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). (jove.com)
  • Metabolic
  • In addition to respiratory failure and accidents caused by effects on the central nervous system, alcohol causes significant metabolic derangements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metabolic acidosis is compounded by respiratory failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of established sepsis include confusion, metabolic acidosis (which may be accompanied by faster breathing and lead to a respiratory alkalosis), low blood pressure due to decreased systemic vascular resistance, higher cardiac output, and dysfunctions of blood coagulation (where clotting may lead to organ failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Birds have a light skeletal system and light but powerful musculature which, along with circulatory and respiratory systems capable of very high metabolic rates and oxygen supply, permit the bird to fly. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Gastric bypass is indicated for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity, a diagnosis which is made when the patient is seriously obese, has been unable to achieve satisfactory and sustained weight loss by dietary efforts, and suffers from comorbid conditions which are either life-threatening or a serious impairment to the quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • Acute alcohol poisoning is a related medical term used to indicate a dangerously high concentration of alcohol in the blood, high enough to induce coma, respiratory depression, or even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • in an adult human the total surface area of the mucosa is about 400 square meters while the surface area of the skin is about 2 square meters. (wikipedia.org)
  • COPD
  • On the basis of this conception, researchers have sought to determine the impact of leptin on specific respiratory disorders, including obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • case
  • The ulcerations may be superficial and confined to the mucosa, in which case they are more appropriately called erosions, or they may penetrate deeper into the submucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • shock
  • Patient death followed the anaphylactic shock developed due to numerous bee bites, in the lack of immediate specialized medical assistance, and immunohistochemistry showed an increased number of mast cells in skin and respiratory mucosa , associated to vascular congestion, edema, and hemorrhages, confirming the tissular allergic phenomena as an initiator factor. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • risk
  • This report also highlights the unexpected health risk of NP-induced change in mucus rheological properties resulting in possible mucociliary transport impairment on epithelial mucosa and related health problems. (jove.com)
  • usually
  • After gastric decompression, the horse may show signs of malaise and act lethargic, but pain level usually improves. (wikipedia.org)
  • failure
  • 200-299 mg/dL: Marked ataxia, slurred speech, poor judgement, labile mood, nausea and vomiting 300-399 mg/dL: Stage 1 anaesthesia ("blackout"), memory lapse, labile mood 400+ mg/dL: Respiratory failure, coma As drinking increases, people become sleepy, or fall into a stupor. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • Recent investigations have identified the lung as a leptin responsive and producing organ, while extensive research has been published concerning the role of leptin in the respiratory system. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In the past years, a growing number of studies have examined the potential role of leptin in the respiratory system. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • surgery
  • Bariatric surgery is the term encompassing all of the surgical treatments for morbid obesity, not just gastric bypasses, which make up only one class of such operations. (wikipedia.org)