• infection
  • Despite not being closely related to the fungi, the oomycetes have developed similar infection strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oomycetes are capable of using effector proteins to turn off a plant's defenses in its infection process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some species are able to carry a fungus named Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis which in others can cause a deadly infection Chytridiomycosis depending on their microbiome resisting pathogen colonization or inhibiting their growth with antimicrobial skin peptides. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, corn is planted into a field with corn residue that has the fungus Cercospora zea-maydis, the causal agent of Grey leaf spot of corn, but if the weather is too dry and there is no leaf wetness the spores of the fungus in the residue cannot germinate and initiate infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taking the example above, the corn is planted into a ploughed field where there is no corn residue with the fungus Cercospora zea-maydis, the causal agent of Grey leaf spot of corn, present but the weather means long periods of leaf wetness, there is no infection initiated. (wikipedia.org)
  • late blight
  • 2005). An ancestral oomycete locus contains late blight avirulence gene Avr3a , encoding a protein that is recognized in the host cytoplasm. (springer.com)
  • haustoria
  • Lesions are the result of oomycetes leaching nutrients out of the leaves via haustoria to create white powdery rings of sporangia. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • Many soil inhabiting fungi are capable of living saprotrophically, carrying out the part of their life cycle in the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abundant worldwide, most fungi are inconspicuous because of the small size of their structures, and their cryptic lifestyles in soil or on dead matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypha
  • The oomycetes rarely have septa (see hypha), and if they do, they are scarce, appearing at the bases of sporangia, and sometimes in older parts of the filaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diversity
  • The fungus kingdom encompasses an enormous diversity of taxa with varied ecologies, life cycle strategies, and morphologies ranging from unicellular aquatic chytrids to large mushrooms. (wikipedia.org)
  • tubular
  • The ultrastructure is also different, with oomycota having tubular mitochondrial cristae and fungi having flattened cristae. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • Re: Are Oomycete (water molds) still classified under Kingdom Fungus? (madsci.org)
  • The arbuscules of mutualistic mycorrhizal fungi serve a similar function in nutrient exchange, so are important in assisting nutrient and water absorption by plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name "water mold" refers to their earlier classification as fungi and their preference for conditions of high humidity and running surface water, which is characteristic for the basal taxa of the oomycetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • walls
  • In most fungi, hyphae are divided into cells by internal cross-walls called "septa" (singular septum). (wikipedia.org)
  • microscopic
  • Ever since the pioneering 18th and 19th century taxonomical works of Carl Linnaeus, Christian Hendrik Persoon, and Elias Magnus Fries, fungi have been classified according to their morphology (e.g., characteristics such as spore color or microscopic features) or physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • These and other differences place fungi in a single group of related organisms, named the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), which share a common ancestor (form a monophyletic group), an interpretation that is also strongly supported by molecular phylogenetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • This relationship is supported by a number of observed differences in the characteristics of oomycetes and fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • vegetative
  • In most fungi, hyphae are the main mode of vegetative growth, and are collectively called a mycelium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, in the vegetative state they have diploid nuclei, whereas fungi have haploid nuclei. (wikipedia.org)
  • host
  • Proteomics-based study of host-fungus interaction between soybean and Phakopsora pachyrhizi using recombinant inbred line (RIL)-derived sister lines. (apsnet.org)
  • According to the previous scientific literature, many fungi are associated with a single host. (springer.com)
  • various
  • However, new races of fungi often evolve that are resistant to various fungicides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the 1940s, fungi have been used for the production of antibiotics, and, more recently, various enzymes produced by fungi are used industrially and in detergents. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Oomycota and fungi have different metabolic pathways for synthesizing lysine and have a number of enzymes that differ. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • In nematode-trapping fungi, hyphae may be modified into trapping structures such as constricting rings and adhesive nets. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell wall
  • Present study explains the structural dynamism of cell wall which is believed to have functional relevance and is dependent on the behavior of the infecting fungi. (springer.com)
  • Moreover, cell wall is also known to elicit immune signals that brings about transcriptional reprogramming and helps in mounting defense against attacking fungi. (springer.com)