• microbes
  • They aren't alone in this - all animals carry a huge load of bacteria - but the microbes that live in one special gut compartment in cows (and other ruminants) are special: they digest cellulose . (waikato.ac.nz)
  • Bacteria are the most important microbes involved in ruminant digestion, and there are many different types in the rumen (Prescott, Harley & Klein, 2005). (waikato.ac.nz)
  • bacterial
  • Gram-negative bacteria secrete a variety of virulence factors at host-pathogen interface, via membrane vesicle trafficking as bacterial outer membrane vesicles for invasion, nutrition and other cell-cell communications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your horse's body will attempt to fight invading bacteria and sometimes this is successful without treatment, but in some cases your horse may need an antiserum, such as with tetanus, or antibiotics as in bacterial pneumonia. (naturalhorse.com)
  • Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common bacterial disease is tuberculosis, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which affects about 2 million people mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • fungal
  • Life-threatening fungal infections in humans most often occur in immunocompromised patients or vulnerable people with a weakened immune system, although fungi are common problems in the immunocompetent population as the causative agents of skin, nail, or yeast infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In industry, bacteria are important in sewage treatment and the breakdown of oil spills, the production of cheese and yogurt through fermentation, and the recovery of gold, palladium, copper and other metals in the mining sector, as well as in biotechnology, and the manufacture of antibiotics and other chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • pouch
  • The latter are produced in a region of the rabbit's digestive tract called the cecum , a blind-end pouch located at the junction of the small and large intestines. (rabbit.org)
  • intestines
  • Without mother's antibodies, complex organic compounds and proper pH environment her milk provides to help protect the baby's intestines, these babies are highly susceptible to over-proliferation of foreign bacteria. (rabbit.org)
  • stomach
  • For example, when they killed the rumen bacteria in a sample of stomach contents (using an antiseptic) and then mixed the fluid with cellulose, the cellulose wasn't digested. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • When the bunny ingests the cecotrope, the mucus coat helps protect the bacteria as they pass through the stomach, then re-establish in the cecum. (rabbit.org)
  • proteins
  • Bacteria produce various adhesins including lipoteichoic acid, trimeric autotransporter adhesins and a wide variety of other surface proteins to attach to host tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adding ATP to a mixture of both proteins (called actomyosin) causes a decrease in viscosity. (wikipedia.org)
  • bodies
  • Bacteria are remarkably adaptable to diverse environmental conditions: they are found in the bodies of all living organisms and on all parts of the earth-in land terrains and ocean depths, in arctic ice and glaciers, in hot springs, and even deep underground and in the stratosphere. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Behind the thyroid gland, and embedded in its capsule, are four tiny epithelial bodies called the parathyroid glands. (med-help.net)
  • The nutrient cycle includes the decomposition of dead bodies and bacteria are responsible for the putrefaction stage in this process. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Our understanding of bacteria and their metabolic processes has been expanded by the discovery of species that can live only deep below the earth's surface and by species that thrive without sunlight in the high temperature and pressure near hydrothermal vents hydrothermal vent, crack along a rift or ridge in the deep ocean floor that spews out water heated to high temperatures by the magma under the earth's crust. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • laboratory
  • further classification of bacteria is based on cell wall characteristics (see Gram's stain Gram's stain, laboratory staining technique that distinguishes between two groups of bacteria by the identification of differences in the structure of their cell walls. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • important
  • It can be present as either a free monomer called G-actin (globular) or as part of a linear polymer microfilament called F-actin (filamentous), both of which are essential for such important cellular functions as the mobility and contraction of cells during cell division. (wikipedia.org)
  • present
  • In November 2008, a non-peer-reviewed study was presented to the European Tissue Symposium by the University of Westminster, London, comparing the bacteria levels present after the use of paper towels, warm air hand dryers, and modern jet-air hand dryers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. (wikipedia.org)
  • horizontal
  • This is called horizontal transmission in contrast to vertical transmission, which tends to evolve symbiosis (after a period of high morbidity and mortality in the population) by linking the pathogen's evolutionary success to the evolutionary success of the host organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • responsible
  • With any wounds where your horse may have come in contact with the bacterium responsible for tetanus, you can use tea tree essential oil to wash the wound while monitoring the horse and checking with your veterinarian if further treatment is necessary. (naturalhorse.com)
  • essential
  • When a horse has been infected with this bacteria and you need to quarantine him, regular diffusion of a blend of essential oils including tea tree will assist the infected horse with his battle against this invader. (naturalhorse.com)
  • separate individuals
  • Clonal colonies are plants or fungi that appear to be separate individuals, but in fact are physically connected underground and have sprung up as clones of the same original. (skeptoid.com)
  • provide
  • In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, extremophile bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds, such as hydrogen sulphide and methane, to energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Post nasal drip (like tonsil stones or tonsilloliths) is the result of an excess tickling or burning sensations in the back of the throat chronic soreness and earaches Although post nasal drip (also called upper airway cough syndrome) can be. (europedirecttoscana.eu)
  • host
  • It does not modify anything, but overdrives normal cellular internalization process, making it easier for the Bacteria to be colonized within a host cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • There are approximately 5×1030 bacteria on Earth, forming a biomass which exceeds that of all plants and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Abscess - A localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined spaces of the body, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation and frequently caused by bacteria. (google.com)
  • Nice and warm and soothing an FULL of nutrients to help your body put up a If the gunk hardens it is called tonsil stones and that leads to the whole. (europedirecttoscana.eu)
  • range
  • Later that century, other researchers discovered that a range of bacteria also lived in this part of the gut. (waikato.ac.nz)