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  • shortness of bre
  • Pulmonary function testing is a diagnostic and management tool used for a variety of reasons, such as: Chronic shortness of breath Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Restrictive lung disease Preoperative testing Impairment or disability Neuromuscular disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy are associated with gradual loss of muscle function over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary disease/ Polyneuropathy: The lungs are often affected at more severe stages of the illness, although since by then physical exertion is usually limited by neuropathy, shortness of breath is unusual. (wikipedia.org)
  • fibrosis
  • The fibrosis in IPF has been linked to cigarette smoking, environmental factors (e.g. occupational exposure to gases, smoke, chemicals or dusts), other medical conditions including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or to genetic predisposition (familial IPF). (wikipedia.org)
  • IPF is believed to be the result of an aberrant wound healing process including/involving abnormal and excessive deposition of collagen (fibrosis) in the pulmonary interstitium with minimal associated inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • physiology
  • He has numerous research publications, predominantly in the following areas of pulmonary physiology: Investigation of pulmonary function, particularly ventilation-perfusion relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • The usefulness of the subject can also be understood by seeing the use of Biofluid Dynamics in the areas of physiology in order to explain how living things work and about their motions, in developing an understanding of the origins and development of various diseases related to human body and diagnosing them, in finding the cure for the diseases related to cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • artery
  • We were concerned by the use of a pulmonary artery catheter because these patients are immunosuppressed and also because pneumoperitoneum may impair venous return, which is critical to hemodynamic tolerance in patients with a transplanted heart. (asahq.org)
  • Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure and central venous pressure increased, but the authors could only speculate on the origin of this change because pleural pressure was not measured. (asahq.org)
  • Peripheral
  • Peripheral chemoreceptor function after carbonic anhydrase inhibition during moderate-intensity exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To reduce symptoms To improve knowledge of lung condition and promote self-management To increase muscle strength and endurance (peripheral and respiratory) To increase the exercise tolerance To reduce length of hospital stay To help to function better in day-to-day life To help in managing anxiety and depression Reduction in number of days spent in hospital one year following pulmonary rehabilitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • Gedeon A, Krill P, Osterlund B. Pulmonary blood flow (cardiac output) and the effective lung volume determined from a short breath hold using the differential Fick method. (springer.com)
  • Except for therapeutic hypothermia and revascularization, no novel therapies have been developed that improve survival or cardiac and neurological function after resuscitation. (ahajournals.org)
  • A single low dose of intravenous nitrite (50 nmol=1.85 μmol/kg=0.13 mg/kg) compared with blinded saline placebo given at cardiopulmonary resuscitation initiation with epinephrine improved cardiac function, survival, and neurological outcomes. (ahajournals.org)
  • 15,16 Except for the selective application of hypothermia and revascularization, no novel postresuscitation therapies have been developed that improve survival or cardiac and neurological function. (ahajournals.org)
  • Here, we provide evidence that nitrite therapy improves cardiac function, survival, and neurological function in survivors. (ahajournals.org)
  • gills
  • Gas exchange takes place in the gills which consist of thin or very flat filaments and lammelae which expose a very large surface area of highly vascularized tissue to the water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease
  • After complete intracardiac repair, residual pulmonary disease may be expected to result in impaired cardiopulmonary performance during exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In general, pulmonary rehabilitation refers to a series of services that are administered to patients of respiratory disease and their families, typically to attempt to improve the quality of life for the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary function testing has diagnostic and therapeutic roles and helps clinicians answer some general questions about patients with lung disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Specifically, CD is relatively benign because most of the gas in the blood is bound to terminal amino groups of hemoglobin or converted to bicarbonate. (blogs.com)
  • Normal ekgs, event monitor(pvc's), normal echo and stress test.Normal blood tests and thyroid function.Scared of sca/ha? (healthtap.com)
  • Blood tests to assess kidney function like serum creatinine and a normal ua . (healthtap.com)
  • In this model, global ischemia and cardiopulmonary resuscitation were associated with blood and organ nitrite depletion, reversible myocardial dysfunction, impaired alveolar gas exchange, neurological injury, and an ≈50% mortality. (ahajournals.org)
  • Breath gas concentration can then be related to blood concentrations via mathematical modeling as for example in blood alcohol testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The simplest model relating breath gas concentration to blood concentrations was developed by Farhi C A = C v ¯ λ b:air + V ˙ A / Q ˙ c , {\displaystyle C_{A}={\frac {C_{\bar {v}}}{\lambda _{\text{b:air}}+{\dot {V}}_{A}/{\dot {Q}}_{c}}},} where C A {\displaystyle C_{A}} denotes the alveolar concentration which is assumed to be equal to the measured concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of these features are due to chronic hypoxemia (oxygen deficiency in the blood), are not specific for IPF, and can occur in other pulmonary disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this way, plasma HCO3- can be converted to CO2 within the plasma compartment and exchanged with the alvioli without the requirement of returning the HCO3- to the interior of the Red Blood Cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fluid coating is produced by the body in order to facilitate the transfer of gases between blood and alveolar air. (wikipedia.org)
  • membrane
  • Membrane bound CA (CA IV) on the luminal side of the pulmonary membrane would have direct contact with plasma HCO3- and would enzimatically convert HCO3- to CO2 in the area immediately proximal to the exchange membrane, greatly increasing the concentration gradient for exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these creatures the gas exchange membrane is typically the cell membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • D is the diffusion coefficient, which will differ from gas to gas, and from membrane to membrane, according to the size of the gas molecule in question, and the nature of the membrane itself (particularly its viscosity, temperature and hydrophobicity). (wikipedia.org)
  • If the two compartments are individually well-mixed, then this is simplifies to the difference in concentration of the gas between the inside and outside compartments divided by the thickness of the membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fick's Law for gas-exchange surface Gases must first dissolve in a liquid in order to diffuse across a membrane, so all biological gas exchange systems require a moist environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alveolar membrane is the gas exchange surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • 3 More of the miners than controls reported symptoms of chronic bronchitis (31% versus 5%) and their lung function also tended to be worse. (bmj.com)
  • In patients with tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve, the dilated pulmonary arteries sometimes result in bronchial compression and pulmonary symptoms due to airway obstruction, recurrent pulmonary infection, and development of bronchiectasis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In summary, despite significant preoperative symptoms, cardiopulmonary performance during exercise in patients with tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve is similar to patients with tetralogy of Fallot repaired with a transannular patch. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Oxygen
  • Maximal heart rate, maximal oxygen consumption, oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold, and maximal respiratory exchange ratio were similar for the two groups. (biomedsearch.com)
  • People often benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation and supplemental oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • In nitrogen fixation by diazotrophic bacteria, and denitrification by heterotrophic bacteria (such as Paracoccus denitrificans and various pseudomonads), nitrogen gas is exchanged with the environment, being taken up by the former and released into it by the latter, while giant tube worms rely on bacteria to oxidize hydrogen sulfide extracted from their deep sea environment, using dissolved oxygen in the water as an electron acceptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Pulmonary function testing in patients with neuromuscular disorders helps to evaluate the respiratory status of patients at the time of diagnosis, monitor their progress and course, evaluate them for possible surgery, and gives an overall idea of the prognosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • volatile organic c
  • Breath gas analysis is a method for gaining non-invasive information on the clinical state of an individual by monitoring volatile organic compounds present in the exhaled breath. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area of modern breath testing commenced in 1971, when Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling demonstrated that human breath is a complex gas, containing more than 200 different volatile organic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inhalation
  • At the end of inhalation the airways are filled with environmental air, which is exhaled without coming in contact with the gas exchanger. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • Impact of sleep debt on metabolic and endocrine function. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Gases are constantly consumed and produced by cellular and metabolic reactions in most living things, so an efficient system for gas exchange between, ultimately, the interior of the cell(s) and the external environment is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • rehabilitation
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation may be carried out in a variety of settings, depending on the patient's needs, and may or may not include pharmacologic intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduced exacerbations post pulmonary rehabilitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there are no universally accepted procedure codes for pulmonary rehabilitation, providers usually use codes for general therapeutic processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The goal of pulmonary rehabilitation is to help improve the well-being and quality of life of the patient and their families. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise is the cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • assess
  • Aim: To assess the pulmonary function parameters including alveolar gas exchange in patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and to find the influence of hyperglycaemia and duration of diabetes. (jcdr.in)
  • To assess this hypothesis, nine patients with tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve underwent exercise testing and were compared to 38 patients with tetralogy of Fallot repaired using a transannular patch. (biomedsearch.com)
  • concentration
  • The exchange of gases occurs as a result of diffusion down a concentration gradient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gas molecules move from a region in which they are at high concentration to one in which they are at low concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • φ is the concentration of the gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The negative sign indicates that the diffusion is always in the direction that - over time - will destroy the concentration gradient, i.e. the gas moves from high concentration to low concentration until eventually the inside and outside compartments reach equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the higher the concentration gradient across the gas-exchanging surface, the faster the rate of diffusion across it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the thinner the gas-exchanging surface (for the same concentration difference), the faster the gases will diffuse across it. (wikipedia.org)
  • arterial blo
  • There is no specific laboratory diagnostic test for acute nitrogen dioxide poisoning but analysis of arterial blood gas level, methemoglobin level, complete blood count, glucose test, lactate threshold measurement and r peripheral blood smear may be helpful in the diagnosis of nitrogen dioxide poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • The usefulness of the subject can also be understood by seeing the use of Biofluid Dynamics in the areas of physiology in order to explain how living things work and about their motions, in developing an understanding of the origins and development of various diseases related to human body and diagnosing them, in finding the cure for the diseases related to cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Though the function of these cells remains unclear, the high abundance of them in pond-dwelling species, which live in a low oxygenated environment, in comparison to stream-dwelling species, which live in a higher oxygenated environment, can lead to the conclusion that Leydig cells form in response to these conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • primary
  • For example, pulmonary tuberculosis is often a primary infection, but an infection that happened only because a burn or penetrating trauma (the root cause) allowed unusual access to deep tissues is a secondary infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Because of safety issues, phosgene is almost always produced and consumed within the same plant and extraordinary measures are made to contain this gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • A Internet exchanging copies who are computed major applications in China over the right 10 tools: Genevieve Hilton, BASFPatrick Powers, Rockwell AutomationKarmen Yeung, KPMGSteve Olson, Hinrich Foundation( component) Join us to understand more about the x of FDI to understand outcomes and how you can Remember that victimisation to be the tube for your central SO2emissions. (ecombinatii.ro)
  • known
  • Known sources of nitrogen dioxide gas poisoning include automobile exhaust and power stations. (wikipedia.org)