• assess
  • The present study employs the deprivation intensity discrimination paradigm to assess the interoceptive sensory properties of ghrelin in rats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 2 A validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was given at study entry to assess the usual diet. (lww.com)
  • The aim of this study was to examine ethnicity as a predictor of obesity-related behaviours among children in England, and to assess whether the effects of ethnicity could be explained by deprivation. (bmj.com)
  • There are many established questionnaires that have been developed to assess one's motivation to eat. (washington.edu)
  • 1) assess frequency of poor oral hygiene status and oral impacts on daily performances, OIDP, by socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics, 2) examine whether socio-economic and behavioural correlates of oral hygiene status and OIDP differed by gender and 3) examine whether socio-demographic disparity in oral health was explained by oral health-related behaviours. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Liverpool Jet Lag Questionnaire was developed to measure all the symptoms of jet lag at several times of day, and this dedicated measurement tool has been used to assess jet lag in athletes. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • Testing was conducted in extinction, eliminating confounding effects of food consumption. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The mean of this distribution refers to the usual food consumption level and is estimated by the daily dietary energy supply per capita for a country derived from its food balance sheet (averaged over three years). (fao.org)
  • The variance, as measured by the coefficient of variation, is derived on the basis of food consumption or income data from household income and expenditure surveys. (fao.org)
  • Design, setting and participants Parents (n=155) recruited through the Nottingham Toddler laboratory and relevant internet sites completed a questionnaire concerning (1) infant feeding and weaning style (baby-led=92, spoon-fed=63, age range 20-78 months), (2) their child's preference for 151 foods (analysed by common food categories, eg, carbohydrates, proteins, dairy) and (3) exposure (frequency of consumption). (bmj.com)
  • One of the most common self-control dilemmas involves the desire for unhealthy or unneeded food consumption versus the desire to maintain long-term health. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • The modalities for data collection include taking a dietary history, administering a food frequency questionnaire, recording weights of foods consumed, asking respondents to recall what they ate in the previous 24 hours or analysing the chemical and nutrient content of diets. (fao.org)
  • Introduction: The issues surrounding the cost of healthy foods have emerged as a significant barrier to improving dietary habits, especially for individuals and families of low socioeconomic status. (washington.edu)
  • differences
  • Results Compared to the spoon-fed group, the baby-led group demonstrated (1) significantly increased liking for carbohydrates (no other differences in preference were found) and (2) carbohydrates to be their most preferred foods (compared to sweet foods for the spoon-fed group). (bmj.com)
  • These differences are not explained by deprivation. (bmj.com)
  • Over one week, 7,827 self-reports of desires were collected and indicated significant differences in desire frequency and strength, degree of conflict between desires and other goals, and the likelihood of resisting desire and success of the resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • routine
  • Travel fatigue is general fatigue, disorientation, and headache caused by a disruption in routine, time spent in a cramped space with little chance to move around, a low-oxygen environment, and dehydration caused by dry air and limited food and drink. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unrestricted food access and restricted wheel access will not cause any significant change in either feeding or exercise routine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for depression among those over the age 12, while a prior Cochrane review found that the routine use of screening questionnaires have little effect on detection or treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • effect
  • Food preference and exposure data were analysed using a case-controlled matched sample to account for the effect of age on food preference. (bmj.com)
  • Although non-white ethnicity is an established predictor of obesity-related behaviours among children in the UK, ours is one of few studies that have examined whether this effect is explained by deprivation. (bmj.com)
  • However, international research utilising cross-sectional designs to investigate associations between retail food outlet proximity to schools and diet provides equivocal support for an effect. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Further research on adolescents' food purchasing habits with larger samples in varied geographic regions is required to identify robust relationships between proximity and diet, as small numbers, because of confounding, may dilute effect food environment effects. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However
  • However, using a self-report questionnaire is a standard approach when dealing with food preferences, and we controlled for self-presentation effects (none were uncovered). (bmj.com)
  • however, decreased access to healthy and affordable foods has emerged as an important factor. (washington.edu)
  • However, in Britain, standardardized mortality ratios from reported diabetes, known to be seriously underrecorded ( 16 ), correlate closely with deprivation scores and inner cities ( 17 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • study
  • Our study suggests that baby-led weaning has a positive impact on the liking for foods that form the building blocks of healthy nutrition, such as carbohydrates. (bmj.com)
  • behavior
  • Compulsive debting is also an umbrella term encompassing many different types of behavior from "incurring unsecured debt to compulsive shopping, from grandiose thinking to deprivation mentality. (wikipedia.org)
  • diet
  • Although numerous studies have focused on when to introduce solid foods into an infant's diet, there is a dearth of evidence concerning the impact of different weaning methods on food preferences and health. (bmj.com)
  • Does the local food environment around schools affect diet? (biomedsearch.com)
  • BACKGROUND: The local retail food environment around schools may act as a potential risk factor for adolescent diet. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Adjusted associations between distance from school to food retail outlets, counts of outlets near schools and diet scores were assessed using longitudinal (2001-2005 n=757) approaches. (biomedsearch.com)
  • involves
  • Since the monitoring of the progress towards the World Food Summit goal involves national and international stakeholders, the Symposium also provided an opportunity for them to present their perspectives. (fao.org)
  • students
  • Further, when college students completed a questionnaire prior to their course registration deadline, they ranked leisure activities as less important and enjoyable than when they filled out the survey after the deadline passed. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • Baby-led weaning promotes healthy food preferences in early childhood, which may protect against obesity. (bmj.com)
  • Can the relationship between ethnicity and obesity-related behaviours among school-aged children be explained by deprivation? (bmj.com)
  • actual
  • Learning in this paradigm was demonstrated by animals approaching the food delivery location more frequently under their rewarded compared to their non-rewarded deprivation condition (prior to actual pellet delivery). (biomedsearch.com)
  • measure
  • The World Food Summit mandated FAO to measure and monitor progress towards the Summit goal of halving the number of hungry by 2015. (fao.org)
  • provides
  • To help them with the decision, DA provides a 15-item questionnaire (most compulsive debtors will answer yes to eight or more of the questions) and a list of 12 signs of compulsive debting. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Objective The impact of different weaning methods on food preferences and body mass index (BMI) in early childhood is not known. (bmj.com)
  • changes
  • Stress, cortisol, and other appetite-related hormones: Prospective prediction of 6-month changes in food cravings and weight. (yale.edu)
  • and problems with digestion, including indigestion, changes in the frequency of defecation and consistency of faeces, and reduced interest in and enjoyment of food. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • Male beetles lose interest in the females and although there is plenty of water and food, there is no population growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Without knowing anything else about a food, the mere suggestion of good taste triggers counteractive self-control and prompted them to devalue the temptation in the name of health. (wikipedia.org)
  • factor
  • The computer assisted analysis strategy included frequency distributions, exploratory factor analysis, and analysis of variance. (scielo.org.za)
  • School
  • Network analysis in a Geographic Information System (GIS) ascertained the number, minimum and median distances to food outlets within 400 m and 800 m of the school location. (biomedsearch.com)
  • status
  • The decision to hold a scientific symposium on the measurement of food deprivation and undernutrition was motivated by this objective and the need to review the current status of the widely used methods for measuring hunger. (fao.org)