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  • infection
  • Although many growth plate injuries are caused by accidents that occur during play or athletic activity, growth plates are also susceptible to other types of injury, infection, and diseases that can alter their normal growth and development. (arthroscopy.com)
  • Years after recovery post-polio syndrome may occur, with a slow development of muscle weakness similar to that which the person had during the initial infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Encephalitis, an infection of the brain tissue itself, can occur in rare cases, and is usually restricted to infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatments using steroid injections are preferred over curettage, but there are few risks from the method, which are limited to infection, fracture, and reappearance of the cyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there is a laceration that communicates with the fracture site, it is an open fracture, which increases infection risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • A fracture resulting in the ends of a bone penetrating the skin (these pose an increased risk of infection). (wikipedia.org)
  • proximal
  • Type II: The articular surface of the tibia remains intact and the fracture occurs at the junction where the secondary center of ossification and the proximal tibial epiphysis come together (may or may not require surgery). (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • But when children injure their elbows, it's particularly important to pay close attention to their symptoms and to seek prompt medical attention if pain and swelling persist, as the elbow may be fractured (broken). (hss.edu)
  • most signs of NF-1 are visible after birth (during infancy), but many symptoms of NF-1 occur as the person ages and has hormonal changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • In adults, femur fractures almost always require surgery to realign and stabilize the bone. (verywell.com)
  • In young adults, this fracture is the result of moderate to severe force such as a fall from a significant height or a motor vehicle accident (due to younger patients having stronger bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • These fractures occur due to a crushing injury to the growth plate from a compression force. (aaos.org)
  • In a growing child, a serious injury to a joint is more likely to damage a growth plate than the ligaments that stabilize the joint. (arthroscopy.com)
  • An injury that would cause a sprain in an adult can be a potentially serious growth plate injury in a young child. (arthroscopy.com)
  • These should be distinguished from congenital conditions that a child is born with, a childbirth injury actually occurs at the time of birth. (verywell.com)
  • Clavicle fractures are the most frequently encountered birth injury. (verywell.com)
  • The good news, is that even if an orthopedic injury occurs during childbirth, these will almost always resolve with simple observation. (verywell.com)
  • Because the brachial artery (the main artery in the upper arm) and the nerves that control movement of the hand sit along this bone, these fractures are also associated with an increased risk of vascular and nerve injury. (hss.edu)
  • Injury may occur or first present in stressful positions such as full crimping (as demonstrated). (rockandice.com)
  • Fracture of the growth plate is the most common type of injury sustained to this portion of the bone. (faqs.org)
  • This injury presents a significant risk of permanently arresting development of the bone, due to the potential future inability of the growth plate to function. (faqs.org)
  • A common injury that occurs in young athletes that is very similar to a damaged growth plate is the patellar tendon ailment known as Osgood-Sclatter disease (OSD). (faqs.org)
  • Occasionally, fractures may not be seen on X-rays immediately after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lateral
  • Lateral condylar fractures occur more frequently than medial or bicondylar fractures due to anatomic and biomechanical differences. (vin.com)
  • Anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique views can be used together to describe the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigation of a potential distal radial fracture includes assessment of the angle of the joint surface on lateral X-ray (volar/dorsal tilt), the loss of length of the radius from the collapse of the fracture (radial length), and congruency of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The fracture is usually transverse or oblique and above the medial and lateral condyles and epicondyles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleeding from the fracture expands the joint capsule and is visualized on the lateral view as a darker area anteriorly and posteriorly, and is known as the sail sign. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the northeastern Pacific margin there is a lateral shift, through the San Andreas Fault system, of the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • displacement
  • when there is a small displacement in the periosteum the thickness and strength of it will make the fracture in the periosteum difficult to diagnose. (wikipedia.org)
  • wrist
  • Numbness of the hand can occur because of compression on the median nerve across the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • X-ray of the affected wrist is required if a fracture is suspected. (wikipedia.org)
  • likely to occur
  • Growth plate injuries are twice as likely to occur in boys as in girls, due primarily to the fact that girls reach physical maturation approximately two years earlier than boys, coupled with the greater degree of participation of boys in physically riskier activities. (faqs.org)
  • usually
  • A growth plate fracture usually causes persistent or severe pain. (aaos.org)
  • The fracture is usually a fairly stable one, and the slippage occurs very slowly. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Restrictions are usually in place for 4 weeks, but with uncomplicated healing, the function outcome of these fractures is usually very good. (vin.com)
  • Intense knee pain is usually the presenting symptom that occurs during activities such as running, jumping, squatting, and especially ascending or descending stairs and during kneeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • OSD may result in an avulsion fracture, with the tibial tuberosity separating from the tibia (usually remaining connected to a tendon or ligament). (wikipedia.org)
  • The age when girls usually fracture a bone is twelve and for boys the age is fourteen. (wikipedia.org)
  • epiphyseal growth plate
  • In the spongiosa, the chondrocytes are arranged in accordance with the epiphyseal growth plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both Indian Hedgehog/Parathyroid Hormone-related Protein (IHh/PtHrP) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathways, important for development of the epiphyseal growth plate, are active in chondroblastoma leading to greater proliferation among the cells in the proliferating/pre-hypertrophic zone (cellular-rich area) versus the hypertrophic/calcifying zone (matrix-rich area). (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • They can also occur gradually as a result of repetitive stress on the bone, which may occur when a child overtrains in a sports activity. (aaos.org)
  • While growth plate injuries can be caused by an acute event, such as a fall or a blow to the body, they can also result from overuse. (arthroscopy.com)
  • Many of these injuries can be avoided by Caesarean delivery, however, there are a host of other risks that can occur as a result of that surgical procedure. (verywell.com)
  • If a broken bone or bone fragment pierces or puts pressure on the artery as a result of the fracture, the patient may come into the emergency room with a cold hand in which a pulse cannot be detected," Dr. Blanco notes. (hss.edu)
  • These fractures may result in premature closure and shortening of the bone or bowing if closure is asymmetric. (vin.com)
  • Large lesions can cause nearby areas of bone to thin, which may result in a fracture and cause pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the other theories is that the cysts result from a disorder of the growth plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accidental or deliberate physical trauma may result in either a fracture, muscle bruising, or a contusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the TFCC attaches to the base of the ulnar styloid, displaced fractures can result in instability of the distal radio-ulnar joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonlinear behavior, like ductile fracture, can result in a rising R curve as the plastic zone at crack tip increases in size with extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, patients may have swelling for years related to the location and site of the lesion indicative of mechanical obstruction, nerve impingement, pseudoaneurysm of the overlying vessel, fracture at the stalk of the lesion, or formation of bursa over the osteochondroma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some have originated as chains of volcanic islands on the tectonic plates either as a result of mantle plumes or by fracture propagation. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the collision of the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate, the Andes Mountains emerged in western South America, close to the Peru-Chile Trench. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depression and social anxiety may occur as a result of disabilities caused by the condition Neurofibromas may, in rare and extreme cases, transition into cancer, which can be fatal The NF Clinical Program at St. Louis Children's Hospital maintains a comprehensive list of current NF research studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • probability
  • This test is to rule out other cysts (which are quite unusual) If there is a high probability of a fracture resulting from the unicameral bone cyst, then surgical treatment is necessary. (wikipedia.org)