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  • supracondylar fracture
  • When treating a supracondylar fracture, the orthopedic surgeon strives to restore the anatomy as closely as possible to its pre-injury position or alignment. (hss.edu)
  • To repair a supracondylar fracture, the orthopedic surgeon realigns the bone and usually inserts wires - about the diameter of a pencil lead - into the bone and across the fracture site, an approach that helps maintain proper alignment while protecting the growth plate in these young children. (hss.edu)
  • elbow
  • But when children injure their elbows, it's particularly important to pay close attention to their symptoms and to seek prompt medical attention if pain and swelling persist, as the elbow may be fractured (broken). (hss.edu)
  • It's important for parents to be aware that elbow fractures heal fairly quickly in children," says Dr. Blanco. (hss.edu)
  • The term elbow fracture describes an injury that can occur in numerous locations in the joint. (hss.edu)
  • Seen primarily in younger children - ages 4 to 8 years - these are the most common type of elbow fracture seen by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. (hss.edu)
  • Fractures can occur in several areas of the elbow with a fall on an outstretched arm or the elbow itself or a blow to the elbow. (verywell.com)
  • These injuries regularly occur as a result of both direct trauma as well as through overuse or repetitive strain being placed upon a bone, such as the throwing shoulder or elbow of a youth baseball pitcher. (faqs.org)
  • This fracture pattern is relatively rare in adults, but is the most common type of elbow fracture in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • A flexion type fracture can result from a direct blow to the posterior aspect of the elbow when the elbow is in a flexed position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleeding at the fracture results in a large effusion in the elbow joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Sometimes also followed by cramping Damage to adjacent structures such as nerves or vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots (for spine fractures), or cranial contents (for skull fractures) may cause other specific signs and symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injury
  • In a growing child, a serious injury to a joint is more likely to damage a growth plate than the ligaments that stabilize the joint. (arthroscopy.com)
  • An injury that would cause a sprain in an adult can be a potentially serious growth plate injury in a young child. (arthroscopy.com)
  • Injury from cold or frostbite can also damage the growth plate in children and result in short, stubby fingers or premature degenerative arthritis. (arthroscopy.com)
  • These fractures occur due to a crushing injury to the growth plate from a compression force. (aaos.org)
  • These should be distinguished from congenital conditions that a child is born with, a childbirth injury actually occurs at the time of birth. (verywell.com)
  • Clavicle fractures are the most frequently encountered birth injury. (verywell.com)
  • The good news, is that even if an orthopedic injury occurs during childbirth, these will almost always resolve with simple observation. (verywell.com)
  • Because the brachial artery (the main artery in the upper arm) and the nerves that control movement of the hand sit along this bone, these fractures are also associated with an increased risk of vascular and nerve injury. (hss.edu)
  • Injury may occur or first present in stressful positions such as full crimping (as demonstrated). (rockandice.com)
  • Fracture of the growth plate is the most common type of injury sustained to this portion of the bone. (faqs.org)
  • This injury presents a significant risk of permanently arresting development of the bone, due to the potential future inability of the growth plate to function. (faqs.org)
  • A common injury that occurs in young athletes that is very similar to a damaged growth plate is the patellar tendon ailment known as Osgood-Sclatter disease (OSD). (faqs.org)
  • Occasionally, fractures may not be seen on X-rays immediately after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lateral
  • Lateral condylar fractures occur more frequently than medial or bicondylar fractures due to anatomic and biomechanical differences. (vin.com)
  • Anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique views can be used together to describe the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigation of a potential distal radial fracture includes assessment of the angle of the joint surface on lateral X-ray (volar/dorsal tilt), the loss of length of the radius from the collapse of the fracture (radial length), and congruency of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The fracture is usually transverse or oblique and above the medial and lateral condyles and epicondyles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleeding from the fracture expands the joint capsule and is visualized on the lateral view as a darker area anteriorly and posteriorly, and is known as the sail sign. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the northeastern Pacific margin there is a lateral shift, through the San Andreas Fault system, of the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • displacement
  • when there is a small displacement in the periosteum the thickness and strength of it will make the fracture in the periosteum difficult to diagnose. (wikipedia.org)
  • wrist
  • Numbness of the hand can occur because of compression on the median nerve across the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • X-ray of the affected wrist is required if a fracture is suspected. (wikipedia.org)
  • dislocations
  • Under certain circumstances, radiographic examination of the nearby joints is indicated in order to exclude dislocations and fracture-dislocations. (wikipedia.org)
  • likely to occur
  • Growth plate injuries are twice as likely to occur in boys as in girls, due primarily to the fact that girls reach physical maturation approximately two years earlier than boys, coupled with the greater degree of participation of boys in physically riskier activities. (faqs.org)
  • result
  • While growth plate injuries can be caused by an acute event, such as a fall or a blow to the body, they can also result from overuse. (arthroscopy.com)
  • They can also occur gradually as a result of repetitive stress on the bone, which may occur when a child overtrains in a sports activity. (aaos.org)
  • Many of these injuries can be avoided by Caesarean delivery, however, there are a host of other risks that can occur as a result of that surgical procedure. (verywell.com)
  • If a broken bone or bone fragment pierces or puts pressure on the artery as a result of the fracture, the patient may come into the emergency room with a cold hand in which a pulse cannot be detected," Dr. Blanco notes. (hss.edu)
  • These fractures may result in premature closure and shortening of the bone or bowing if closure is asymmetric. (vin.com)
  • Accidental or deliberate physical trauma may result in either a fracture, muscle bruising, or a contusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large lesions can cause nearby areas of bone to thin, which may result in a fracture and cause pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the other theories is that the cysts result from a disorder of the growth plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the TFCC attaches to the base of the ulnar styloid, displaced fractures can result in instability of the distal radio-ulnar joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • In young adults, this fracture is the result of moderate to severe force such as a fall from a significant height or a motor vehicle accident (due to younger patients having stronger bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, patients may have swelling for years related to the location and site of the lesion indicative of mechanical obstruction, nerve impingement, pseudoaneurysm of the overlying vessel, fracture at the stalk of the lesion, or formation of bursa over the osteochondroma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonlinear behavior, like ductile fracture, can result in a rising R curve as the plastic zone at crack tip increases in size with extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some have originated as chains of volcanic islands on the tectonic plates either as a result of mantle plumes or by fracture propagation. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the collision of the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate, the Andes Mountains emerged in western South America, close to the Peru-Chile Trench. (wikipedia.org)
  • probability
  • This test is to rule out other cysts (which are quite unusual) If there is a high probability of a fracture resulting from the unicameral bone cyst, then surgical treatment is necessary. (wikipedia.org)