• enamel
  • Acidic food or drinks often soften the tooth material which leads to the dissolution of minerals into the tooth enamel, resulting in cavities (holes). (lybrate.com)
  • The cyst cavity is lined by epithelial cells derived from the reduced enamel epithelium of the tooth forming organ. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regarding its pathogenesis, it has been suggested that the pressure exerted by an erupting tooth on the follicle may obstruct venous flow inducing accumulation of exudate between the reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cause of caries is acid from bacteria dissolving the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin and cementum). (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest sign of a new carious lesion is the appearance of a chalky white spot on the surface of the tooth, indicating an area of demineralization of enamel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the decay passes through enamel, the dentinal tubules, which have passages to the nerve of the tooth, become exposed, resulting in pain that can be transient, temporarily worsening with exposure to heat, cold, or sweet foods and drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four things are required for caries formation: a tooth surface (enamel or dentin), caries-causing bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates (such as sucrose), and time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teeth are composed of a surface enamel layer, which is whiter and semitransparent, and an underlying dentin layer, which is darker and less transparent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Females generally have slightly whiter teeth than males, partly because females' teeth are smaller, and therefore there is less bulk of dentin, partially visible through the enamel layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Baby teeth (deciduous teeth) are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow, again due to differences in the ratio of enamel to dentin. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a person ages the adult teeth often become darker due to changes in the mineral structure of the tooth, as the enamel becomes less porous[citation needed] and phosphate-deficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • The enamel layer may also be gradually thinned or even perforated by the various forms of tooth wear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alternatively the tooth may become darker without pulp necrosis Enamel hypoplasia Hyperemia Fluorosis Dentinogenesis imperfecta Amelogenesis imperfecta Tetracycline and minocycline. (wikipedia.org)
  • apical
  • Tuncay, S. Demirbuga, and G. Topçuoğlu, "The effect of various backfilling techniques on the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth performed apical plug with Biodentine," International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry , vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 248-254, 2015. (hindawi.com)

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  • eruption
  • Unfortunately, their effects are cumulative and irreversible and, despite its main cause, tooth wear starts immediately after tooth eruption. (zerodonto.com)
  • If the pulp vitality of a traumatized immature tooth is lost, the treatment will be a challenge, especially for pulp necrosis in teeth with inadequate radicular development due to the fact that an open apex in permanent tooth takes approximately 3 years to close after tooth eruption [ 2 , 9 , 11 - 13 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • caries
  • Thus root canal therapy is performed where the operator removes the caries ,by drilling into the tooth structure and entering the root of the tooth, removing the infected pulp, cleaning the root canal, with specialised instruments(rotary files), irrigating and disinfecting, followed by filling or obturation of the root canals with biocompatible materials(guttapercha) , thus sealing the system. (thewhitearch.com)
  • Post- core treatment (insertion of a stainless steel /ceramic screw or pin with or without threads inside the root canal and cementing it to enhance the support for a badly mutilated tooth, following which it is restored with core( filling material for restoring the anatomy of the tooth structure lost due to caries or fracture). (thewhitearch.com)
  • Prevention of dental caries includes regular cleaning of the teeth, a diet low in sugar, and small amounts of fluoride. (wikipedia.org)
  • Worldwide, approximately 2.3 billion people (32% of the population) have dental caries in their permanent teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The caries disease process does not have an inevitable outcome, and different individuals will be susceptible to different degrees depending on the shape of their teeth, oral hygiene habits, and the buffering capacity of their saliva. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2013, 223 million cases of tooth pain occurred as a result of dental caries in permanent teeth and 53 million cases occurred in baby teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • maxillary
  • The patient lamented severe functional problems, related both to mastication and speech, as well as serious esthetic concerns, since the maxillary teeth were not visible at all both at rest and during function. (zerodonto.com)
  • the patient reported that the mandibular front teeth had been previously prepared for a metal-ceramic fixed dental prosthesis, in order to limit the discomfort due to the mobility of such teeth.At the maxillary arch, the patient wore a complete removable denture which was esthetically unsatisfactory but valid to accomplish oral functions. (zerodonto.com)
  • This article describes the treatment of immature maxillary central incisors associated with complicated crown fracture with periapical lesion in two clinical cases. (omicsonline.org)
  • Anterior crown fractures are favoured by the protruded position of maxillary incisors and their eruptive pattern. (omicsonline.org)
  • On conscious examination, Jasper was reluctant to allow for a good evaluation of the left maxillary quadrant, but I determined that the left maxillary fourth premolar (tooth 208) was present and did not appear to have any crown fractures. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • The left maxillary first molar (tooth 209) was missing and the site of the previous extraction appeared to be fully healed. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Much less commonly, non-dental conditions can cause toothache, such as maxillary sinusitis, which can cause pain in the upper back teeth, or angina pectoris, which can cause pain in the lower teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesion
  • The usual radiographic appearance is that of a well-demarcated radiolucent lesion attached at an acute angle to the cervical area of an unerupted tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • roots
  • Root canal treatment also known as endodontic treatment involves removing the nerve tissue (pulp) located in the center of the tooth or its roots(called as root canal).This treatment enables you to retain the involved natural tooth for a longer period of time, thus maintaining your natural bite and healthy functioning of your jaws. (thewhitearch.com)
  • However, because the roots of these young teeth are not fully formed, they are weaker and prone to fracture. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Creation of the access opening and canal instrumentation during root canal treatment further weakens the tooth, and risk for cuspal or vertical fracture extending down into the roots is magnified. (azvetdentists.com)
  • Restoration
  • The occlusal protection afforded by an overlying cast restoration should be considered for endodontically treated teeth. (azvetdentists.com)
  • Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilizing bleach), is either the restoration of a natural tooth shade or whitening beyond the natural shade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Restoration of the underlying, natural tooth shade is possible by simply removing surface stains caused by extrinsic factors such as tea, coffee, red wine and tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
  • This restoration of the natural tooth shade is achieved by having the teeth cleaned by a dental professional (commonly termed "scaling and polishing"), or at home by various oral hygiene methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • gums
  • This is a surgical procedure done under local anesthesia, wherein a small hole is cut through the gums and the bone near the apex of the tooth and the infectious tissue is removed and the root canal is sealed. (thewhitearch.com)
  • Common side effects associated with bleaching include increased sensitivity of the teeth and irritation of the gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • extraction
  • When the pulp is already exposed, and root canal therapy cannot be performed or is not performed the only other option is extraction or removal of the involved tooth. (thewhitearch.com)
  • This tooth was extracted by Odie's primary care veterinarian and, shortly after the extraction, it appeared the facial wound was on the mend. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • However, on close inspection of the previous extraction site, a draining sinus tract was evident intraorally in the area of missing tooth 208 that communicated with the facial wound on probing. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Coronectomy is a medical process used to prevent damage to the inferior alveolar nerve during extraction of the wisdom teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique is considered safer than extraction of lower wisdom teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dentigerous cyst is often treated by excision of the cyst along with the extraction of the associated tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Toothache, also known as dental pain, is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • Single tooth replacement has always been one of the most complex challenges for the implantologist. (zerodonto.com)
  • The perception of tooth color is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as: lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss, the human eye and brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • pet's
  • Although your pet's teeth may look healthy on the surface, problems and disease may be lurking below. (kingsbrookvet.com)
  • Two-thirds of your pet's teeth are under the gingiva (or gumline). (kingsbrookvet.com)
  • If you have questions about your pet's teeth, or are interested in more information please contact Kingsbrook Animal Hospital located in Frederick, MD at 301-631-6900. (kingsbrookvet.com)
  • save a tooth
  • The poster "Save a Tooth" is written for the public and is available in several languages-Spanish, English, Portuguese, French, Icelandic, Italian-and can be obtained at the IADT website. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • This if becomes long standing will form a tract or fistula .The vitality of a tooth is determined by its blood supply and not the nerve supply. (thewhitearch.com)
  • It used to be that a tooth with a diseased or infected nerve had to be removed. (smilesofwesttexas.com)
  • socket
  • B Fractures extending through the tooth socket is associated with the highest incidence of complications. (vetdentsa.co.za)
  • Place the tooth back in the socket where it was lost from, taking care to place it the correct way (matching the other tooth) Encourage the patient to bite on a handkerchief to hold the tooth in position. (wikipedia.org)
  • remaining tooth structure
  • Thanks to improved adhesive techniques, the indications for crowns have decreased and a more conservative approach can be nowadays proposed to protect the remaining tooth structure. (zerodonto.com)
  • wear
  • Several factors affect the life of a tooth and, consequently, different causes can lead to dental wear. (zerodonto.com)