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  • injuries
  • Injuries of the carpal bone generally take place while performing sports activities. (primehealthchannel.com)
  • Carpal fractures are quite common injuries in sportspersons, laborers and gymnasts. (primehealthchannel.com)
  • Injuries to the growth plate will need to be monitored to make sure the bone can continue to grow as expected. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • The occult bone injuries included 53 (68%) of the 78 wrists having more than one injured bone and 25 (32%) having one injured bone. (medscape.com)
  • The injuries without a fracture line (contusion) were present in 49 (63%) of 78 wrists and were found most frequently in the scaphoid (35 cases). (medscape.com)
  • Regardless of their original field of training, once candidates have completed an approved fellowship in hand surgery, all hand surgeons have received training in treating all injuries both to the bones and soft tissues of the hand and upper extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Orthopedic surgeons are trained to handle complex fractures of the hand and injuries to the carpal bones that alter the mechanics of the wrist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hand surgeons going through these programs are trained in all aspects of hand surgery, combining and mastering all the skills traditionally associated with "Orthopedic hand surgeons" and "Plastic hand surgeons" to become equally adept at handling tendon, ligament and bone injuries as well as microsurgical reconstruction such as reattachment of severed parts or free tissue transfers and transplants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hand surgeons perform a wide variety of operations such as fracture repairs, releases, transfer and repairs of tendons and reconstruction of injuries, rheumatoid deformities and congenital defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following conditions can be indications for hand surgery: Hand injuries Carpal tunnel syndrome Carpometacarpal bossing Rheumatoid arthritis Dupuytren's contracture Congenital defects Tetraplegic upper limb surgery "About Hand Surgery", American Society for Surgery of the Hand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fractures of the scaphoid are the most common of the carpal bone injuries, because of its connections with the two rows of carpal bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • lateral
  • Initial radiographs in patients suspected of having a scaphoid fracture should include anteroposterior, lateral, oblique, and scaphoid wrist views. (aafp.org)
  • Anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique views can be used together to describe the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigation of a potential distal radial fracture includes assessment of the angle of the joint surface on lateral X-ray (volar/dorsal tilt), the loss of length of the radius from the collapse of the fracture (radial length), and congruency of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • In this procedure, the radius (the lateral long bone) is shortened by a given length, usually between 2 and 5 mm, to relieve the pressure on the dying lunate. (wikipedia.org)
  • tendons
  • Orthopedic surgeons are trained to reconstruct all aspects to salvage the appendage: tendons, muscle, bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repetitive flexion and extension in the wrist significantly increase the fluid pressure in the tunnel through thickening of the synovial tissue that lines the tendons within the carpal tunnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volar
  • Healing of the fracture with a non-anatomic deformity (frequently, a volar flexed "humpback") can also lead to post-traumatic arthritis. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are more taut during supination, because in supination ulnar styloid moves away from the carpal bones volar side. (wikipedia.org)
  • dorsal surface
  • The blood supply of the scaphoid comes from the radial artery, feeding the bone on the dorsal surface near the tubercle and scaphoid waist. (aafp.org)
  • This surface is bounded by two lines, which commence in small tubercles situated on either side of the digital extremity, and, passing upward, converge and meet some distance above the center of the bone and form a ridge which runs along the rest of the dorsal surface to the carpal extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • fragments
  • One can have a small crack in the bone and not be through and through or one can have total separation of the bone fragments. (healthtap.com)
  • T1-weighted (middle) and fat-suppressed T2-weighted (right) MRI scans demonstrate the fracture without clear evidence of synovial fluid tracking between the fragments. (medscape.com)
  • This causes sharp fragments of bone to float between the joints, causing excruciating pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • anatomy
  • Read on to know about the definition, anatomy and functions of these bones. (primehealthchannel.com)
  • In older literature about human anatomy, the scaphoid is referred to as the navicular bone of the hand, since there is also a bone in a similar position in the foot which is called the navicular. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carpal bone This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) Drake, Richard L. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radial
  • Further more, if the hand was ulnarly deviated (i.e. bent towards the small finger), there would be associated radial styloid fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • When palpated in this position, the bone will be felt to slide forward during radial deviation (wrist abduction) and flexion. (wikipedia.org)
  • triangular
  • Therefore, it is sometimes also called the triangular bone or os triangulare. (wikipedia.org)
  • If X-rays show a mostly intact lunate (not having lost a great deal of size, and not having been compressed into a triangular shape), but an MRI shows a lack of blood flow to the bone, then revascularization is normally attempted. (wikipedia.org)
  • displacement
  • There are many variations including degree of displacement and complexity of the fracture lines. (healthtap.com)
  • In x-rays, a break will generally show as an interruption in the cortex of the bone, with displacement or not. (healthtap.com)
  • patients
  • The usefulness of CT for patients with carpal bone fractures in the emergency department. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The risk of injury is increased in patients with osteoporosis and other metabolic bone diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In young adults, this fracture is the result of moderate to severe force such as a fall from a significant height or a motor vehicle accident (due to younger patients having stronger bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • alignment
  • Fractures of the scaphoid must be recognized and treated quickly, as prompt treatment by immobilization or surgical fixation increases the likelihood of the bone healing in anatomic alignment, thus avoiding mal-union or non-union. (wikipedia.org)