• small
  • citation needed] When a newly formed colony is small, its founders can strongly affect the population's genetic makeup far into the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • To accommodate data with small proportions commonly observed in host-viral studies we implement the PCA-based controlling procedure within a logistic regression framework using novel formulations motivated by the Frisch-Waugh-Lovell Theorem and demonstrate their utility in detecting true associations whilst minimizing confounding generated by founder effects via simulation. (edu.au)
  • individuals
  • If individuals in the group tend to marry within it, there's a greater likelihood that the recessive genes of the founders will come together in the cells that produce offspring. (pbs.org)
  • search
  • astrobiology The branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • In addition, antiquitin plays a role in protecting cells and tissues from the damaging effects of osmotic stress, presumably through the generation of osmolytes. (wikipedia.org)