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  • proteins
  • While known PRRs such as C-type lectins were identified, other proteins not known to be primarily involved in pathogen recognition were found, including actin, tubulin, collagen, and hemoglobin. (frontiersin.org)
  • is the result of a mutation that results in the substitution of the amino acid valine valine , organic compound, one of the 22 α-amino acids commonly found in animal proteins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • for glutamic acid glutamic acid , organic compound, one of the 20 amino acids commonly found in animal proteins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hemocyanins (also spelled haemocyanins and abbreviated Hc) are proteins that transport oxygen throughout the bodies of some invertebrate animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Hexamerins are storage proteins commonly found in insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • unlike
  • Hemerythrin affinity for carbon monoxide (CO) is actually lower than its affinity for O2, unlike hemoglobin which has a very high affinity for CO. Hemerythrin's low affinity for CO poisoning reflects the role of hydrogen-bonding in the binding of O2, a pathway mode that is incompatible with CO complexes which usually do not engage in hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • In these organisms, hemoglobins may carry oxygen, or they may act to transport and regulate other small molecules and ions such as carbon dioxide, nitric oxide, hydrogen sulfide and sulfide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Positively buoyant particles and small organisms concentrate in the foamline at the surface and negatively buoyant objects are found in the upwelling current between the two rotations. (wikipedia.org)
  • freshwater
  • In the freshwater Planorbid snails, however, the haemocyanin is replaced by haemoglobin, and thus their haemolymph is red rather than blue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lepidurus apus is found predominantly in temporary freshwater ponds, 10-100 cm deep, filled during autumn and winter, and drying out over spring and summer. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Even within a species, different variants of hemoglobin always exist, although one sequence is usually a "most common" one in each species. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has a cosmopolitan distribution: the species is found throughout the Americas, Europe and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly found
  • Hydrothermal vents are commonly found near volcanically active places, areas where tectonic plates are moving apart at spreading centers, ocean basins, and hotspots. (wikipedia.org)
  • pigments
  • Many worms have haemoglobin, but others and also most molluscs have different and more primitive oxygen-carrying pigments, which have not survived into higher forms of evolution. (encyclopedia.com)
  • neurons
  • Other cells that contain hemoglobin include the A9 dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, macrophages, alveolar cells, and mesangial cells in the kidney. (medicalxpress.com)
  • fossils
  • Given that the sites from which R. orarius remains have been recovered are all lowland sites, and that no fossils of R. jubatus have been found in these sites, the scientists that described the fossils have suggested that they represent highland and lowland species respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is good evidence that phoronids created trace fossils found in the Silurian, Devonian, Permian, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, and possibly in the Ordovician and Triassic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest horseshoe crab fossils are found in strata from the late Ordovician period, roughly 450 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Anemia - any condition in which the number of red blood cells, the amount of hemoglobin, and the volume of packed red blood cells per 100 ml of blood are less that normal.It may result from increased destruction of red blood cells, excessive blood loss or decreased production of red cells. (weebly.com)
  • Sickle-cell - hereditary chronic anemia in which abnormal sickle or crescent shaped erythrocytes are present.It is due to the presence of hemoglobin S in the red blood cells. (weebly.com)
  • The apparently serendipitous finding of an opiate alkaloid-sensitive, opioid peptide-insensitive, µ3 opiate receptor subtype expressed by invertebrate immunocytes, human blood monocytes, macrophage cell lines, and human blood granulocytes provided compelling validating evidence for an autonomous role of endogenous morphine as a biologically important cellular signalling molecule (Stefano et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • diverse
  • Octopuses have a complex nervous system and excellent sight, and are among the most intelligent and behaviourally diverse of all invertebrates . (wikipedia.org)
  • The reefs around the United Kingdom support a diverse community of sessile invertebrates, including sponges, hydroids, ascidians, bryozoans, the worm Pomatoceros triqueter, the sea anemone Metridium senile and bivalves such as Chlamys spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells
  • We have found that binary-options-trade.ru low voltage (250 V) and a long pulse time (12-15 ms) gives better results than the high voltage (2 KV) and microsecond binary-options-trade.ru times originally described for MEL cells (44). (4gamers-market.ru)
  • All biological cells have a low cytosolic (liquid found inside Cells ) calcium concentration, can and must keep this even when the free calcium outside is up to 20,000 times higher concentrated! (heavenforum.org)
  • large
  • It has large eyes, positioned so that they give good binocular vision which is helpful in finding prey in the leaf litter and seeing in the gloom of the forest. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • However, psychiatrists with Yale Medical School have found that people who suffer from Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and consume three meals per day weigh less than those who have meals that are more frequent. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also found that people of faith tend to be more prosocial and empathic than those who take a more analytical approach to the great questions of life. (blogspot.com)
  • body
  • The body ranges from almost spherical to worm-like, and lacks the arms found in many other echinoderms, such as starfish. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • Regression analysis using a standard fertilization kinetics model found that 54-73% of this decline on average was predicted by changes in the rate of sperm-egg collision, resulting from changes in egg target size and density. (biologists.org)