• infants
  • 5 In addition, the birth weight of preterm delivered neonates should not be used to establish a norm, as these infants were delivered following maternal and/or obstetric complications. (scielo.org.za)
  • Cord serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is not associated with cranial anthropometrics in infants up to 6 months of age. (springermedizin.de)
  • 1 More than 4000 infants were stillborn in the UK in 2009 (out of about three million worldwide), and 1200 of these stillbirths occurred at or after 37 weeks' gestational age. (bmj.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: We used non-invasive anthropometric methods to estimate the body composition and the thickness of the interventricular heart septum in 18 infants of mothers with well-controlled T1DM, 10 infants of mothers with GDM and 28 infants of healthy control mothers matched for gestational age and mode of delivery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In general, risk factors in the mother that may contribute to low birth weight include young ages, multiple pregnancies, previous LBW infants, poor nutrition, heart disease or hypertension, untreated coeliac disease, drug addiction, alcohol abuse, and insufficient prenatal care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Review on the effects of passive maternal smoking, also called environmental tobacco exposure (ETS), demonstrated that increased risks of infants with LBW were more likely to be expected in ETS-exposed mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUGR is associated with a wide range of short- and long-term neurodevelopmental disorders white matter effects - In postpartum studies of infants, it was shown that there was a decrease of the fractal dimension of the white matter in IUGR infants at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was compared to at term and preterm infants at one year adjusted corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • grey matter effects - Grey matter was also shown to be decreased in infants with IUGR at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • preeclampsia
  • Vitamin E supplementation may have a role in treating age-related macular degeneration, dysmenorrhea, preeclampsia, rheumatoid arthritis, and tardive dyskinesia. (drugs.com)
  • obstetric
  • Third, emergency obstetric care to address the major causes of maternal death which are haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders and obstructed labour. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • A cohort of 246 women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies and early ultrasound-confirmed gestational age was recruited from the community antenatal clinics in the Tygerberg area (Elsies River, Bishop Lavis, Bellville South, Delft and Belhar). (scielo.org.za)
  • In this study, ultrasound was only 35% accurate at finding a single loop, and only 60% accurate at detecting a nuchal cord wrapped multiple times around the neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancies
  • 10 A multicentre study of 189 pregnancies exposed to AZA compared with 230 unexposed pregnancies also found no difference in the malformation rate between groups. (motherisk.org)
  • 12 , 13 However, a recent study of 476 pregnancies with AZA exposure, mostly for IBD and systemic lupus erythematosus, suggested an association between AZA exposure and atrial or ventricular septal defects. (motherisk.org)
  • fetus
  • Conclusions We found the first trimester to be the period most sensitive to the effect of alcohol on the developing fetus. (bmj.com)
  • The causes can be many, but most often involve poor maternal nutrition or lack of adequate oxygen supply to the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of IUGR is most commonly caused by extrinsic factors that affect the fetus at later gestational ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • To make a kick count, a woman finds a comfortable position, such as sitting upright with her back supported or lying on her left side (which maximizes blood flow to the fetus), and times how long it takes to feel at least ten movements such as kicks, flutters, or rolls. (wikipedia.org)
  • neonatal
  • Epigenomes are tissue specific and thus the choice of surrogate tissue can play a critical role in interpreting neonatal epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) and in their extrapolation to target tissue. (biomedcentral.com)
  • placenta
  • A study conducted in Kenya observed that common maternal health problems in poverty-stricken areas include hemorrhaging, anemia, hypertension, malaria, placenta retention, premature labor, prolonged/complicated labor, and pre-eclampsia. (wikipedia.org)
  • trimester
  • First-trimester exposures, defined as at least 1 dispensation between 90 days before estimated conceptions and 90 days after estimated conception, to any antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, reported through either maternal self-report or dispensation records, were the main exposures evaluated. (diva-portal.org)
  • Of these, 26,477 offspring had first-trimester maternal antidepressant dispensations, 22,125 of which were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor dispensations. (diva-portal.org)
  • Differential diagnosis of first trimester bleeding is as follows, with the mnemonic AGE IS Low (during first trimester): Abortion (spontaneous), also referred to as miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Women with normal fasting and elevated postload values were at higher risk for preterm delivery, gestational hypertension, and having an infant with hyperbilirubinema, whereas women with elevated fasting and normal postload values were at higher risk of having a large-for-gestational-age infant, compared with women without GDM. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 10.1136/bmj.d3403 ), in which Stacey and colleagues found an association between maternal sleep position and risk of stillbirth, 5 constitute the basis for a "not back to sleep" campaign for pregnant women? (bmj.com)
  • 95th percentile, and at risk for overweight as 85th to 95th percentile, for age and gender from US national data. (aappublications.org)
  • It has been revealed that adverse reproductive effects (e.g., risk for LBW) were correlated with maternal exposure to air pollution combustion emissions in Eastern Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of postpartum hemorrhage in patients with vWD and carriers of hemophilia has been found to be 18.5% and 22% respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • As cffDNA is found in maternal blood, sampling carries no associated risk of spontaneous abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence
  • Meta-analyses of trials investigating high-dose vitamin E supplementation have found evidence of harm. (drugs.com)
  • Based on data regarding bone health, the Institute of Medicine panel [ 14 ] concluded that a circulating level above 20 ng/mL of 25-OH-D is sufficient and found no evidence for recommending higher values for any subpopulation, including pregnant women [ 15 , 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2016 review concluded that the mechanism behind the reported associations was still not clear, with evidence both for selection of individuals liable to psychiatric illness into late fatherhood and evidence for causative mutations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence from Southern blot test reveals that 85 percent of the clotted material is maternal blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • median
  • The median age was 23 (range 14 - 41) years, median gravidity was 1 (range 1 - 6), and median BMI was 24.7 kg/m 2 (range 16.9 - 43.6). (scielo.org.za)
  • and cord 47.1 (21.7) nmol/L. At median (IQR) age 3.7 (2.5-5.9) months, the fontanel area was 225 (0-1690) mm 2 , and mean (SD) HC was 41.5 (1.5) cm. (springermedizin.de)
  • examine
  • I aimed to use a standardised clinical stressor to examine the endocrine response in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid. (bl.uk)
  • anxiety
  • I found amniocentesis to be associated with raised Spielberger state anxiety scores, validating the use of this procedure as a clinical model of psychological stress. (bl.uk)
  • Amniotic fluid DHEAS correlated negatively with state anxiety scores but positively with maternal cortisol. (bl.uk)
  • mothers
  • The researchers found many benefits but "no adverse effects" in the health of the mothers and babies at those hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dizygotic twins are also more common for older mothers, with twinning rates doubling in mothers over the age of 35. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy intake
  • Adjustment for physical activity, television watching, energy intake, breastfeeding duration, mother's BMI, and other maternal and family variables reduced the estimate to 1.3 (1.1-1.5). (aappublications.org)
  • Fetuses
  • A greater association between non-left sided sleep position and stillbirth in fetuses vulnerable to impaired uteroplacental blood flow, such as those with growth restriction, would add weight to the finding. (bmj.com)
  • caesarean
  • The concept of "caesarean delivery on maternal request" is not well-recognized in health care, and consequently, when it occurs there are not mechanisms in place for reporting it for research or distinguishing it in medical billing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasingly, caesarean sections are performed in the absence of obstetrical or medical necessity at the patient's request, and the term Caesarean delivery on maternal request has been used. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Despite the fact that intelligence stabilizes in early adulthood it is thought that genetic factors come to play more of a role in our intelligence during middle and old age and that the importance of the environment dissipates. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • The charity, founded in 1990 by the late Ian Dawson-Shepherd, initially focused on funding research into the causes of cerebral palsy but now has broader objectives seeking to fund research into not only the causes and prevention of cerebral palsy but also allied disorders which include autism, dyslexia, epilepsy, deafness and blindness, learning difficulties, and other forms of neurodevelopmental disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • substance
  • The mole is formed as a sub-chorionic hematoma, formed out of the intervillous blood, causing progressive accumulation of the clotting substance called fibrin with increasing gestational age. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • I hypothesised that amniocentesis in a clinical setting elicits a maternal stress response associated with alterations in amniotic fluid steroidal hormones. (bl.uk)