• infants
  • The behavioral reactions were monitored of a group of premature and low-birthweight infants (mean gestational age at stimulation was 37 weeks) in a special care baby unit to two sessions of the Tac-Tic program of stroking. (birthpsychology.com)
  • 1 More than 4000 infants were stillborn in the UK in 2009 (out of about three million worldwide), and 1200 of these stillbirths occurred at or after 37 weeks' gestational age. (bmj.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: We used non-invasive anthropometric methods to estimate the body composition and the thickness of the interventricular heart septum in 18 infants of mothers with well-controlled T1DM, 10 infants of mothers with GDM and 28 infants of healthy control mothers matched for gestational age and mode of delivery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • While a small Danish cohort study suggested an increased risk of malformations, prematurity, and perinatal mortality following maternal use of AZA or 6-mercaptopurine during the first trimester of pregnancy, 9 the National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry in 2002 did not report increased malformations among infants whose mothers were exposed to the drug. (motherisk.org)
  • Review on the effects of passive maternal smoking, also called environmental tobacco exposure (ETS), demonstrated that increased risks of infants with LBW were more likely to be expected in ETS-exposed mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUGR is associated with a wide range of short- and long-term neurodevelopmental disorders white matter effects - In postpartum studies of infants, it was shown that there was a decrease of the fractal dimension of the white matter in IUGR infants at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was compared to at term and preterm infants at one year adjusted corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • grey matter effects - Grey matter was also shown to be decreased in infants with IUGR at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • Exposure of the fetus to bisphenol-A was estimated from maternal serum collected at 15-16 weeks of gestation. (mdpi.com)
  • The causes can be many, but most often involve poor maternal nutrition or lack of adequate oxygen supply to the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of IUGR is most commonly caused by extrinsic factors that affect the fetus at later gestational ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • To make a kick count, a woman finds a comfortable position, such as sitting upright with her back supported or lying on her left side (which maximizes blood flow to the fetus), and times how long it takes to feel at least ten movements such as kicks, flutters, or rolls. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • A cohort of 246 women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies and early ultrasound-confirmed gestational age was recruited from the community antenatal clinics in the Tygerberg area (Elsies River, Bishop Lavis, Bellville South, Delft and Belhar). (scielo.org.za)
  • In this study, ultrasound was only 35% accurate at finding a single loop, and only 60% accurate at detecting a nuchal cord wrapped multiple times around the neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • placenta
  • A study conducted in Kenya observed that common maternal health problems in poverty-stricken areas include hemorrhaging, anemia, hypertension, malaria, placenta retention, premature labor, prolonged/complicated labor, and pre-eclampsia. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposures
  • First-trimester exposures, defined as at least 1 dispensation between 90 days before estimated conceptions and 90 days after estimated conception, to any antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, reported through either maternal self-report or dispensation records, were the main exposures evaluated. (diva-portal.org)
  • The survey also collected data on maternal age, sex, and environmental exposures during the perinatal period. (medpagetoday.com)
  • evidence
  • Based on data regarding bone health, the Institute of Medicine panel [ 14 ] concluded that a circulating level above 20 ng/mL of 25-OH-D is sufficient and found no evidence for recommending higher values for any subpopulation, including pregnant women [ 15 , 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2016 review concluded that the mechanism behind the reported associations was still not clear, with evidence both for selection of individuals liable to psychiatric illness into late fatherhood and evidence for causative mutations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence from Southern blot test reveals that 85 percent of the clotted material is maternal blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • anxiety
  • I found amniocentesis to be associated with raised Spielberger state anxiety scores, validating the use of this procedure as a clinical model of psychological stress. (bl.uk)
  • Amniotic fluid DHEAS correlated negatively with state anxiety scores but positively with maternal cortisol. (bl.uk)
  • diagnosis
  • Differential diagnosis of first trimester bleeding is as follows, with the mnemonic AGE IS Low (during first trimester): Abortion (spontaneous), also referred to as miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancies
  • 10 A multicentre study of 189 pregnancies exposed to AZA compared with 230 unexposed pregnancies also found no difference in the malformation rate between groups. (motherisk.org)
  • 12 , 13 However, a recent study of 476 pregnancies with AZA exposure, mostly for IBD and systemic lupus erythematosus, suggested an association between AZA exposure and atrial or ventricular septal defects. (motherisk.org)
  • Trimester
  • Of these, 26,477 offspring had first-trimester maternal antidepressant dispensations, 22,125 of which were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor dispensations. (diva-portal.org)
  • endocrine
  • I aimed to use a standardised clinical stressor to examine the endocrine response in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid. (bl.uk)
  • energy intake
  • The study took into account a range of potential confounding variables including maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index, number of children, smoking habits, passive smoking, nicotine intake from other sources, alcohol consumption during pregnancy, energy intake, maternal education, marital status and household income. (healthcanal.com)
  • Adjustment for physical activity, television watching, energy intake, breastfeeding duration, mother's BMI, and other maternal and family variables reduced the estimate to 1.3 (1.1-1.5). (aappublications.org)
  • weight
  • A greater association between non-left sided sleep position and stillbirth in fetuses vulnerable to impaired uteroplacental blood flow, such as those with growth restriction, would add weight to the finding. (bmj.com)
  • factors
  • This article details our evaluation of the relationship between perinatal factors, including anthropometric measures and gestational age, and asthma at 6 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • Despite the fact that intelligence stabilizes in early adulthood it is thought that genetic factors come to play more of a role in our intelligence during middle and old age and that the importance of the environment dissipates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other factors that increase the odds of having fraternal twins include maternal age, fertility drugs and other fertility treatments, nutrition, and prior births. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • The charity, founded in 1990 by the late Ian Dawson-Shepherd, initially focused on funding research into the causes of cerebral palsy but now has broader objectives seeking to fund research into not only the causes and prevention of cerebral palsy but also allied disorders which include autism, dyslexia, epilepsy, deafness and blindness, learning difficulties, and other forms of neurodevelopmental disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • substance
  • The mole is formed as a sub-chorionic hematoma, formed out of the intervillous blood, causing progressive accumulation of the clotting substance called fibrin with increasing gestational age. (wikipedia.org)