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  • raspberry
  • It can be found in blackcurrant, açaí, black raspberry, litchi pericarp and common fig. Cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase uses UDP-glucose and cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside (antirrhinin) to produce UDP and cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside 5-O-beta-D-glucoside. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • Research suggests that the dark plant antioxidants, which mop up harmful molecules, can help protect arteries and prevent the DNA damage that leads to cancer. (wordpress.com)
  • Tannins give wine astringency and a "drying in the mouth" taste and also bind onto anthocyanin to give more stable molecular molecules which are important in giving long term colour in aged red wines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here is a series of UV visible spectra of molecules classified from left to right according to their conjugation level: The absorbance pattern responsible for the red color of anthocyanins may be complementary to that of green chlorophyll in photosynthetically active tissues such as young Quercus coccifera leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • polyphenols
  • 2005) found that the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity is higher in red rices than in black and white rices, and that this activity is correlated with polyphenols and proanthocyanidin content. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation
  • Researchers found that gallic reduced the amount of inflammation associated with allergic reactions, leading them to conclude that gallic acid may be useful as a natural anti-inflammatory agent for allergies, especially when used along with dexamethasone, an anti-inflammatory drug. (livestrong.com)
  • Studies show antioxidants can reduce inflammation, provide cancer protection, and boost brain function. (greatist.com)
  • vitamin
  • Given that vitamin D affects accumulation of amyloid beta in the eyes, there is reason to believe it may do so in your brain and other areas as well, and the researchers did find a reduction in amyloid beta in the animals' aorta as well. (mercola.com)
  • Finding that amyloid deposits were reduced in the blood vessels of mice that had been given vitamin D supplements suggests that vitamin D could be useful in helping to prevent a range of age-related health problems, from deteriorating vision to heart disease. (mercola.com)
  • Brown rice is said to be more nutritious because it has higher levels of healthy vitamin E compounds and antioxidants. (wordpress.com)
  • The traditional orange colored carrots get their bright color from beta-carotene, an antioxidant that is converted to vitamin A in the body. (healthline.com)
  • An antioxidant that is also partly converted to vitamin A. (healthline.com)
  • cabbage
  • Nature, traditional agriculture methods, and plant breeding have produced various uncommon crops containing anthocyanins, including blue- or red-flesh potatoes and purple or red broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, and corn. (wikipedia.org)
  • foods
  • That means you don't have to hunt down any exotic ingredients or shop at specialty grocery stores to find foods that will help you get on track with a healthful meal plan. (diabeticlivingonline.com)
  • A 2012 study at Ohio State University published in the Journal of Functional Foods found that eating just one apple a day for four weeks lowered LDL (bad) cholesterol by 40 percent. (diabeticlivingonline.com)
  • Although approved to color foods and beverages in the European Union, anthocyanins are not approved for use as a food additive. (wikipedia.org)
  • cultivars
  • Anthocyanins occur in the flowers of many plants, such as the famous blue poppies of some Meconopsis species and cultivars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research at the University of Saskatchewan seeks to find and create new cultivars to increase production and processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • The total polyphenol content in kale has been found to be higher than in any other cruciferous vegetable. (lifeextension.com)
  • Its dark purple color is primarily due to its anthocyanin content, which is higher by weight than that of other colored grains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidant activities and anthocyanin content of fresh fruits of common fig (Ficus carica L.). Solomon A, Golubowicz S, Yablowicz Z, Grossman S, Bergman M, Gottlieb HE, Altman A, Kerem Z and Flaishman MA, J Agric Food Chem. (wikipedia.org)
  • It possesses antioxidant properties, and has higher zinc and iron content than white rices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to critical differences in sample origin, preparation, and extraction methods determining anthocyanin content, the values presented in the adjoining table are not directly comparable. (wikipedia.org)
  • vegetables
  • Isothiocynates found in cruciferous vegetables help purge the body of potential carcinogens. (ovharvest.com)
  • Italian scientists found that individuals who ate cruciferous vegetables such as kale at least once a week lowered their risk of oral, colorectal, and breast cancers by 17% , and slashed the risk of esophagus and kidney cancers by 28 and 32% , respectively. (lifeextension.com)
  • concentrations
  • Research has shown that grapevines exposed to temperature consistently around 30 degrees Celsius had significantly lower concentrations of anthocyanins compared to grapevines exposed to temperatures consistently around 20 degrees Celsius. (wikipedia.org)
  • 11. In certain fruits, the highest concentrations of cyanidin are found in the seeds and skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • notably
  • Contents: Top 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References Acetaldehyde The main aldehyde found in wines, most notably Sherry. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Anthocyanins have an antioxidant role in plants against reactive oxygen species caused by abiotic stresses, such as overexposure to ultraviolet light and extreme temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tomato plants protect against cold stress with anthocyanins countering reactive oxygen species, leading to a lower rate of cell death in leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • cyanidin
  • Chrysanthemin (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) is the main compound found in red oranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Five anthocyanins were present in black raspberries: cyanidin 3-sambubioside, cyanidin 3-glucoside, cyanidin 3-xylosylrutinoside, cyanidin 3-rutinoside, and pelargonidin 3-rutinoside. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two of these anthocyanins, cyanidin 3-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-xylosylrutinoside, predominated, comprising 24-40 and 49-58%, respectively, of the total anthocyanins in black raspberries. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the basis of both potency and concentration, cyanidin 3-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-xylosylrutinoside were found to be the significant contributors to the antioxidant systems of black raspberries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanidin-3-glucoside is the major anthocyanin found in flowers of H. tiliaceus. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • If so, you might live longer, say researchers at the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont, who found that consumption of hot red chili peppers is associated with a 13 percent reduction in total mortality -- primarily in deaths due to heart disease or stroke -- in a large prospective study. (preventdisease.com)
  • The antioxidant power of anthocyanins was primarily responsible for the reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, according to the research team. (calstrawberry.com)
  • colors
  • Some of the colors of autumn leaves are derived from anthocyanins. (wikipedia.org)
  • In flowers, the coloration that is provided by anthocyanin accumulation may attract a wide variety of animal pollinators, while in fruits, the same coloration may aid in seed dispersal by attracting herbivorous animals to the potentially-edible fruits bearing these red, blue, or purple colors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthocyanins also may be found in naturally ripened olives, and are partly responsible for the red and purple colors of some olives. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • These are substances with powerful antioxidant activity, and have been linked to improved immune function and reduced risk of many diseases. (healthline.com)
  • color
  • The anthocyanins which give the orange its distinct maroon color will only develop when temperatures are low at night, as during the Mediterranean fall and winter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The absorbance pattern responsible for the red color of anthocyanins may be complementary to that of green chlorophyll in photosynthetically-active tissues such as young Quercus coccifera leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • There is even a positive connection between avocados and diabetes: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition published a study in 2008 that found that women who reported eating the highest amount of good fats -- unsaturated vegetable fats, such as those found in avocados -- were 25 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared with women who ate the least amount. (diabeticlivingonline.com)
  • Associations of dietary intakes of anthocyanins and berry fruits with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. (calstrawberry.com)
  • It is a particular type of anthocyanidin (glycoside version called anthocyanins). (wikipedia.org)
  • rich
  • A round-up of VT editors' favorite links this week: A new study finds following a Mediterranean-style diet rich in olive oil or nuts reduces the risk of stroke by 30 percent. (vegetariantimes.com)
  • known
  • Other likely descendants of Surprise have been found elsewhere, such as varieties known as Aerlie's Red Flesh (also known as Airlie Red Flesh and Hidden Rose) and Bill's Red Flesh (also known as Scarlet Surprise), both found in abandoned orchards in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The undersides of the leaves are covered in downy hairs known technically as trichomes to which the mold Rhizopus oligosporus can be found adhering to in the wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oldest known winery was found in Armenia, dating to around 4000 BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • A round-up of VT editors' favorite links this week: New research finds that subbing white button mushrooms for red meat helps with weight loss and management. (vegetariantimes.com)
  • Previous research has shown that anthocyanins reduce adhesion of platelets to blood vessel walls, thus reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries. (foxnews.com)