• Maltese
  • During the French occupation of Malta, the harbour area was blockaded by Maltese rebels on land and the Royal Navy at sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The monument was designed by a young Maltese architect Chris Ebejer and was unveiled on 17 April 2009 by the Mayor of Floriana Nigel Holland, in the presence of the Mayor of Macerata, Giorgio Meschini and Countess Carla Compagnoni Floriani, a descendant of the engineer, and other guests. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Corradino Lines (Maltese: Is-Swar ta' Kordin or il-Ħitan ta' Kordin) are a line of fortification on Corradino in Paola, Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Maltese Cross: A Strategic History of Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fortifications were built over thousands of years, from around 1450 BC to the mid-20th century, and they are a result of the Maltese islands' strategic position and natural harbours, which have made them very desirable for various powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the next two centuries, Malta went through a Golden Age, characterized by a flourishing of the arts, architecture, and an overall improvement in Maltese society. (wikipedia.org)
  • After seven years of moving from place to place in Europe, the Knights became established in 1530 when Emperor Charles V, as King of Sicily, gave them Malta, Gozo and the North African port of Tripoli in perpetual fiefdom in exchange for an annual fee of a single Maltese falcon, which they were to send on All Souls' Day to the King's representative, the Viceroy of Sicily. (wikipedia.org)
  • The French occupied the island until September, when the Maltese rebelled and blockaded the French forces in the harbour area with foreign help. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Floriana Lines remained under French control throughout the blockade, and the Maltese built Tas-Samra Battery and a battery on Corradino in order to bombard them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following Laparelli's departure from Malta and his subsequent death, construction of the city was entrusted to his Maltese assistant, the architect and military engineer Girolamo Cassar. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SMOM established its embassy in Malta there, and it was restored under the direction of ambassador Dino Marrajeni, and the Maltese engineer Roger de Giorgio, an expert on restoration of historical buildings. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Maltese, the town is called Il-Floriana by the local council. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maltese mythology, Publius supposedly lived in Malta and at ne point received the Apostle Paul after the shipwreck in 60 A.D. (Acts of the Apostles 28:1-10). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Maltese insurgents who had rebelled against them built an entrenchment around the Cottonera Lines and the other fortifications in the harbour area. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early 20th century, over 2,500 people lived in an area of 2.5 acres (10,000 m2), with the worst sanitary conditions on the Maltese islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tas-Samra Battery (Maltese: Batterija tas-Samra) was an artillery battery in Ħamrun, Malta, built by Maltese insurgents during the French blockade of 1798-1800. (wikipedia.org)
  • Floriana Football Club is a semi-professional Maltese football club in the town of Floriana that currently plays in the Maltese Premier League. (wikipedia.org)
  • Floriana Football Club has won the major Maltese League championship 25 times and the FA Trophy 20 times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fort Ricasoli (Maltese: Forti Rikażli) is a bastioned fort in Kalkara, Malta, which was built by the Order of Saint John between 1670 and 1698. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fort Ricasoli saw use during the French invasion of Malta in 1798 and the subsequent Maltese insurrection, after which it ended up in British hands. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1531, two leaders of a slave rebellion and ten others who took a prominent role, who had tried to take over Fort St. Angelo and escape from Malta, were tortured and then hanged on the peninsula, which became known as Gallows' Point (Maltese: Ponta tal-Forka) afterwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malta has two official languages which are Maltese and English. (wikipedia.org)
  • The origin of the term Malta is uncertain, and the modern-day variation derives from the Maltese language . (wikipedia.org)
  • Catholicism is the official religion in Malta as declared by the Maltese constitution . (wroughtironworksmalta.com)
  • city's
  • The city's fortifications were improved over the years, and the northern walls of the city that still stand today were built around the 15th century by the Crown of Aragon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Italian engineer Francesco Laparelli was sent by the Pope to design the city's fortifications, which were designed along the Italian bastioned system. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was impressed by the warm welcome he received in the traditional ceremony, and on 3 November of the same year he issued orders for restoration of the city's fortifications and renovation of the entire city. (wikipedia.org)
  • The city's fortifications, consisting of bastions, curtains and cavaliers, along with the beauty of its Baroque palaces, gardens and churches, led the ruling houses of Europe to give the city its nickname Superbissima-Most Proud. (wikipedia.org)
  • Republic of Ma
  • See also) Historical affiliations Order of Saint John 1566-1798 French Republic 1798-1800 Protectorate of Malta 1800-1813 Crown Colony of Malta 1813-1964 State of Malta 1964-1974 Republic of Malta 1974-present The building of a city on the Sciberras Peninsula had been proposed by the Order of Saint John as early as 1524. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vilhena
  • Vilhena is mostly remembered for the founding of Floriana, the construction of Fort Manoel and the Manoel Theatre, and the renovation of the city of Mdina. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1800
  • The French eventually capitulated in September 1800 and Malta became a British protectorate, later a colony. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the British took over Malta in 1800, the lines remained a functional military establishment. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1798
  • The fortifications of Malta were greatly improved while the islands were ruled by the Order of St. John between 1530 and 1798. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malta was ruled by the Order of Saint John as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Sicily from 1530 to 1798. (wikipedia.org)
  • French forces invaded Malta in June 1798, and the Order capitulated after a couple of days. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fort Ricasoli saw use during the French invasion of Malta in June 1798, during the French Revolutionary Wars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Great Siege
  • The area was the scene of much of the fighting in the Great Siege of Malta of 1565 when the Ottomans attempted to eject the Order of St John but were ultimately defeated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fort played a significant role in the Great Siege of Malta of 1565. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the Great Siege of Malta of 1565, in which the Ottoman Empire attempted to take over Malta but failed to do so, the Order of St. John decided to settle permanently on the island. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Great Siege of Malta in 1565, the Ottomans built an artillery battery on the peninsula in order to bombard Fort St. Elmo. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1565
  • The Ottoman Empire managed to capture Tripoli from the Order in 1551, but an attempt to take Malta in 1565 failed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fourteen years later, in 1565 Suleiman sent an invasion force of about 40,000 men to besiege the 700 knights and 8,000 soldiers and expel them from Malta and gain a new base from which to possibly launch another assault on Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Knights
  • The lines were called the "most ambitious work of fortification ever undertaken by the Knights of St John in Malta", and in fact work was suspended due to a lack of funds in 1680. (wikipedia.org)
  • The victorious Grand Master, Jean de Valette, immediately set out to build a new fortified city on the Sciberras Peninsula to fortify the Order's position in Malta and bind the Knights to the island. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally interred in the church of Our Lady of the Victories, his remains now rest in St. John's Co-Cathedral among the tombs of other Grand Masters of the Knights of Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • La Couvertoirade had belonged to the Knights Templar since the area was given to them by the Viscount of Millau in the 12th century. (blogspot.com.mt)
  • State of Ma
  • Under the Malta Independence Act, passed by the British Parliament in 1964, Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom as an independent sovereign Commonwealth realm , officially known from 1964 to 1974 as the State of Malta , with Elizabeth II as its head of state. (wikipedia.org)
  • built
  • Floriana Lines, Floriana, Malta Fort Jesus, built in the 15th century in Mombassa by the Portuguese. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1930s and 1940s, Fort Campbell, a series of pillboxes and a number of anti-aircraft batteries were constructed, and these were the last fortifications to be built in Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first fortifications in Malta were built during the Bronze Age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first fortification to be built was Fort Saint Elmo in 1552, but the fortifications of the city proper began to be built in 1566 when it was founded by Grand Master Jean de Valette. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the cavalier is the embassy of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, the successor of the Order who built it in the first place. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cavalier was built as a raised platform on which guns were placed to defend the city against attacks from the landward side, in the area were the town of Floriana was later built. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area formerly occupied by the battery is now heavily built up as a residential area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verdalle is best remembered in Malta for the castle-like palace he built in the countryside near Mdina. (blogspot.com.mt)
  • Siege
  • The whole area was savagely bombed during the Second Siege of Malta during World War II, as the docks and military installations around the port were legitimate targets for Axis bombers. (wikipedia.org)
  • bastions
  • At the time the Floriana Lines were still under construction, and a number of weak points had been identified in their original design, especially since the demi-bastions forming the two extremities of the land front were too acute and could not be well defended. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repubblika
  • Repubblika ta' Malta ), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea . (wikipedia.org)
  • Repubblika ta' Malta ), is a Southern Eur opean country consisting of an archipelago situated in the centre of the Mediterranean , 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily , 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya , with Gibraltar 1,755 km (1,091 mi) to the west and Alexandria 1,508 km (937 mi) to the east. (wroughtironworksmalta.com)
  • engineer
  • To combat this, Grandmaster Sengle brought the engineer Vincenzo Vogo to Malta to upgrade the mills so the population would not starve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean
  • Malta was eventually taken over by the British, and the island became the Royal Navy's main base in the Mediterranean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Floriana features a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • At that time Malta formed part of the British Empire and, the Island was the base of British forces in the heart of the Mediterranean. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1551
  • In July 1551, Barbary corsairs and Ottoman forces raided Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometime between 1551 and 1556, a tornado hit Malta and destroyed at least four of the Order's galleys and killed 600 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pope
  • A bronze statue of the Grand Master was installed in the fort's piazza in 1736, and it was relocated a number of times before being placed in its present location at Pope John XXIII Square in Floriana. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defense
  • Coastal defence (or defense) and coastal fortification are measures taken to provide protection against military attack at or near a coastline (or other shoreline), for example, fortification and coastal artillery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fortress
  • Major General Whitworth Porter of the Royal Engineers, called Malta "the most powerful artificial fortress in the world" in his 1858 book A History of the Fortress of Malta. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Al-Himyarī, when the Arabs captured Malta in 870 AD, they besieged, captured, sacked and dismantled a fortress. (wikipedia.org)
  • blockade
  • Like the other French blockade fortifications, Tas-Samra Battery was dismantled, possibly sometime after 1814. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the battery itself no longer exists, the Chapel of Our Lady of Atocia is still standing, and it is one of the few surviving landmarks of the French blockade in Malta. (wikipedia.org)