• placement
  • In cases where "no sufficient evidence exists" a drug is any less safe, (according to the evidence report) the drug is declared "substitutable", and eligible for placement on the PDL, and for the supplemental rebate program. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • Compared to the large number of prescriptions, relatively few individuals increase their dose on their own initiative or engage in drug-seeking behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as producing training programs and publications, the group is undertaking research in a number of member countries, focused primarily on changing behavior to improve drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient
  • Patient noncompliance in taking prescription drugs, especially among the chronically ill, was costing the pharmaceutical companies billions in lost income each year. (managedcaremag.com)
  • The Act specified that pharmacists can substitute for a preferred drug, (if one exists in that state), and must offer counseling to the patient on the substitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • prescriber
  • This work originated from the Formulary Leveraged Improved Prescribing (FLIP) project, which was funded by the Attorney General Consumer and Prescriber Education Grant Program, and was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant U18HS016973 funding the UIC Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERT) program. (plos.org)
  • hospitals
  • We developed a tool based on a project at two US public academic hospitals consisting of a six-domain checklist of questions for evaluating drugs requested for addition. (plos.org)
  • District hospitals and health centers have to procure their drugs based on the essential drugs list. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • They are used to treat complex or rare chronic conditions such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, hemophilia, H.I.V. psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease and hepatitis C. In 1990 there were 10 specialty drugs on the market, in the mid-1990s there were fewer than 30, by 2008 there were 200, and by 2015 there were 300. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • The incentive is also often implemented via a system of tiered formularies in which some brand-name drugs are less expensive than others and not subject to step therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • services
  • We have deliberately designed our products and services to mitigate the risk associated with opioid utilization. (helioscomp.com)
  • It also includes pharmacy technology services (technology relied upon by application service providers), as well as Zynchros, a provider of formulary management tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of the prescriptions filled by Pennsylvania-licensed Philidor Rx Services Pennsylvania-licensed specialty online mail-order pharmacy, which mainly sold Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc expensive drugs directly to patients and handled insurance claims on the customers' behalf, such as Solodyn, Jublia, and Tretinoin Specialty drugs are more complex to manufacture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Programs
  • In retrospect, even Matheson concedes that when drug company salesmen went calling on clients to sell them disease management programs, they were also (or really) selling (or perceived to be selling) their pharmaceutical products. (managedcaremag.com)
  • SXC has three separate but interrelated business segments which deal with prescription drug programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • The impact of the much-discussed exorbitant price increase for EpiPen® (epinephrine autoinjector) in 2016 is visible when looking at the drug spending trends by age group among the Exchange population. (prnewswire.com)
  • dependence
  • The use of alprazolam during pregnancy is associated with congenital abnormalities, and use in the last trimester may cause fetal drug dependence and withdrawal symptoms in the post-natal period as well as neonatal flaccidity and respiratory problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • The Act stipulates the decision must be made in conjunction with a compilation of evidence, as well as public comment, to generate the class wide drug comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • The drug companies also continued to influence prescribing patterns by marketing their products to doctors, as well as in more subtle (or, depending on your point of view, more overt) ways: sponsoring conferences, offering research grants, even giving doctors gifts for their "consideration" of specific products. (managedcaremag.com)
  • business
  • The Harvard Business Review, a year later, called the Medco deal "an effort to secure a favorable competitive position for Merck," even as SmithKline Beecham and Lilly quickly followed suit. (managedcaremag.com)
  • On December 19, 2008, the company also acquired Zynchros, an eight-year-old Seattle-based formulary management business. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • According to the American Pharmacists Association (APhA), "PBMs are primarily responsible for developing and maintaining the formulary, contracting with pharmacies, negotiating discounts and rebates with drug manufacturers, and processing and paying prescription drug claims. (wikipedia.org)
  • network
  • Drugs are also identified as specialty when there is a special handling requirement or the drug is only available via a limited distributions network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another group active in this area is the International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs (INRUD). (wikipedia.org)
  • According
  • For example, the national drug policy for Indonesia drawn up in 1983 had the following objectives: To ensure the availability of drugs according to the needs of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • It wasn't long before people concluded that disease management was little more than a pitch by the drug companies to increase profits. (managedcaremag.com)
  • This increased utilization has led to an escalation in the misuse and abuse of opioids, including overdoses and deaths, so much so that the Center for Disease Control (CDC) has characterized the issue as an epidemic. (helioscomp.com)
  • Specialty drugs cover over forty therapeutic categories and special disease states with over 500 drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • pharmaceutical
  • To develop the national pharmaceutical potential towards the achievements of self-reliance in drugs and in support of national economic growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • eligible
  • The Act also allows drugs listed as preferred to be eligible for "sealed non-transparent rebates" to occur from the manufacturer of the drug to the state agency. (wikipedia.org)
  • guide
  • It can educate new committee members, guide discussions of drugs proposed for formulary addition, and be used to evaluate the quality of committee decision making. (plos.org)
  • program
  • Our drug testing and monitoring (DTM) service is an on-going monitoring program for high-risk injured persons. (helioscomp.com)