• molecules
  • 1. A method for breeding domestic animals which comprises administering to them a feed containing an ordinary feed for domestic animals and a saccharide which comprises a fructooligosaccharide formed by bonding 1 to 4 fructose molecules to sucrose as a main component. (epo.org)
  • 2. The method of breeding domestic animals as claimed in Claim 1, characterised in that the said feed administered to them comprises an ordinary feed for domestic animals and the saccharide which comprises a fructooligosaccharide formed by bonding 1 to 4 fructose molecules to sucrose as a main component is present in an amount of 0.1 to 5 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the said ordinary feed. (epo.org)
  • to 4 fructose molecules to sucrose as a main component, the said saccharide being present in an amount of 0.1 to 5 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the said ordinary feed. (epo.org)
  • When we eat some plants such as grains we eat glucose molecules grouped together to form a storage unit called starch. (mindbodyandfood.ca)
  • When I was studying for my doctorate under the supervision of Professor Gudmund Skjåk-Bræk, my aim was to manipulate the structure of alginate (made up of a chain of saccharide molecules), in order to give it new biological properties", says Arlov. (sintef.no)
  • 2168-2171 The Lithocene Anion and 'Open' Calcocene~ New Impulses in the Chemistry of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metallocenes 2 1 COMMUNICATIONS Isolated fibers the thickness of a molecule but more than lo4 molecules long are present in the gel formed from a solution of 1 in chloroform. (docme.ru)
  • The structure of these saccharides varies depending on the structure of the molecules to which they bind. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they are polymerized through complex enzymatic mechanisms, none of the biopolymers' backbones are formed through the elimination of water but through the elimination of other small biological molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • The uniformity of specific types of molecules (the biomolecules) and of some metabolic pathways as invariant features between the diversity of life forms is called "biochemical universals" or "theory of material unity of the living beings", a unifying concept in biology, along with cell theory and evolution theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • A diverse range of biomolecules exist, including: Small molecules: Lipids, fatty acids, glycolipids, sterols, gs Vitamins Hormones, neurotransmitters Metabolites Monomers, oligomers and polymers: Nucleosides are molecules formed by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose or deoxyribose ring. (wikipedia.org)
  • RNA, in contrast, forms large and complex 3D tertiary structures reminiscent of proteins, as well as the loose single strands with locally folded regions that constitute messenger RNA molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellulose
  • Although P. furiosus was not able to grow on any nonglucan carbohydrate or any form of cellulose in this study (growth on oat spelt arabinoxylan was attributed to glucan contamination of this substrate), significant growth at 98 degrees C occurred on beta-1,3- and beta-1,3-beta-1,4-linked glucans. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Proteins
  • The term glycomics is derived from the chemical prefix for sweetness or a sugar, "glyco-", and was formed to follow the naming convention established by genomics (which deals with genes ) and proteomics (which deals with proteins ). (wikidoc.org)
  • . While these building blocks can be attached only linearly for proteins and genes, they can be arranged in a branched array for saccharides, further increasing the degree of compexity. (wikidoc.org)
  • O-GlcNAcylation is a form of glycosylation, the site-specific enzymatic addition of saccharides to proteins and lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this form, a single sugar (β-N-acetylglucosamine) is added to serine and threonine residues of nuclear or cytoplasmic proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • DNA can sometimes occur as single strands (often needing to be stabilized by single-strand binding proteins) or as A-form or Z-form helices, and occasionally in more complex 3D structures such as the crossover at Holliday junctions during DNA replication. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecule
  • Enzymes called glycosyltransferases link the saccharide to the lipid molecule, and also play a role in assembling the correct oligosaccharide so that the right receptor can be activated on the cell which responds to the presence of the glycolipid on the surface of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein
  • D-Fruf-2, wherein Fru is a fructose moiety, wherein the saccharide is from Enterococcus faecium. (patents.com)
  • 2. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said maltodextrin has a dextrose equivalent (D.E.) of less than about 40. (google.es)
  • 3. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 2, wherein said D.E. is from about 20 to about 40. (google.es)
  • 5. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said maltodextrin consists essentially of maltooligosaccharide. (google.es)
  • 6. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said feedstock consists essentially of maltooligosaccharide and peanut butter. (google.es)
  • 7. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said feedstock comprises a flavorant and maltooligosaccharide. (google.es)
  • 8. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said conditions which induce flash flow comprise subjecting said feedstock simultaneously to flash heating and applied physical force. (google.es)
  • 9. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 8, wherein said conditions are created by melt-spinning said maltodextrin feedstock. (google.es)
  • 10. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 9, wherein said flash heating of said feedstock is carried out at a temperature below the degradation temperature of said feedstock. (google.es)
  • 11. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 10, wherein said flash heating temperature is sufficient to permit internal flow whereby infrastructure of a solid breaks down to permit movement of material at a subparticle level. (google.es)
  • 12. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said feedstock comprises a combined monomer and dimer content of at least about 15% on a dry solids basis. (google.es)
  • 14. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 8, wherein said applied physical force is centrifugal. (google.es)
  • 15. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said matrix is in a solid form which is selected from the group consisting of particles, chips, flakes, spicules and combinations thereof. (google.es)
  • 16. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 1, wherein said feedstock comprises at least about 90% maltodextrin. (google.es)
  • 17. The saccharide-based matrix of claim 16, wherein said feedstock comprises at least about 95% maltodextrin. (google.es)
  • 2. The measuring probe according to claim 1 , wherein the protein layer is formed to have a portion fully encircling an axis of elongation of the fiber-shaped portion. (google.com.au)
  • carbon
  • Strontium carbonate is calcined with carbon in the presence of steam to form strontium hydroxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pyranose is a collective term for saccharides that have a chemical structure that includes a six-membered ring consisting of five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oxygen atoms in the structure are, in general, referred to by the carbon atom they are attached to in the acyclic form, and designated O. Then: Position the ring so that, if looking at the top face, the atoms are numbered clockwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • thereof
  • 1. A saccharide-based matrix comprising a feedstock including maltodextrin and a component selected from the group consisting of food ingredients, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, dyes and mixtures thereof, which has been subjected to conditions of force and temperature which induce flash flow of said feedstock without causing degradation of said feedstock whereby said matrix possesses physically or chemically altered structure from said feedstock. (google.es)
  • aldehyde
  • Human skin also contains aldehyde functional groups in the termini of saccharides and so is stained as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bisulphite was believed to react with the available aromatic amine functional groups to form N-sulfinic acid groups, Ar-NH-SO2H, followed by reaction with aldehyde to form sulfonamides, Ar-NH-SO2CH(OH)-R. The 1980 NMR data that allowed visualization of intermediates does not support this mechanism or the sulfonamides as the chromogenic product. (wikipedia.org)
  • If reaction is between the C-4 hydroxyl and the aldehyde, a furanose is formed instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixture
  • 19. An edible product comprising a saccharide-based matrix resulting from a feedstock comprising a mixture of maltodextrin and an additional edible material being subjected to conditions of force and temperature which induce flash flow of same feedstock without causing degradation of said feedstock whereby said matrix possesses physically or chemically altered structure from said feedstock. (google.es)
  • sugar
  • The word saccharide comes from the Greek word sakkaris which means sugar which was derived from the Arabic word sukkar which was derived from the ancient persian word for sugar - shekar. (mindbodyandfood.ca)
  • Polysaccharide is an all inclusive term which includes all saccharides with more than one simple sugar. (mindbodyandfood.ca)
  • Glycosidic bonds of the form discussed above are known as O-glycosidic bonds, in reference to the glycosidic oxygen that links the glycoside to the aglycone or reducing end sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemically
  • They are either formed from a molten mass that solidifies on cooling, formed and matured by the action of heat, or chemically synthesized at low temperatures using, for example, hydrothermal or sol-gel synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • ligand
  • The reagents need not always be a metal and a ligand but can be any species which form a complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The saccharides that are attached to the polar head groups on the outside of the cell are the ligand components of glycolipids, and are likewise polar, allowing them to be soluble in the aqueous environment surrounding the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • DNA uses the deoxynucleotides C, G, A, and T, while RNA uses the ribonucleotides (which have an extra hydroxyl(OH) group on the pentose ring) C, G, A, and U. Modified bases are fairly common (such as with methyl groups on the base ring), as found in ribosomal RNA or transfer RNAs or for discriminating the new from old strands of DNA after replication. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • See also: Schiff, Ugo (1866) "Sopra una nova serie di basi organiche" (On a new series of organic bases), Giornale di scienze naturali ed economiche, 2 : 201-257. (wikipedia.org)
  • recognition
  • Their role is to maintain the stability of the cell membrane and to facilitate cellular recognition, which is crucial to the immune response and in the connections that allow cells to connect to one another to form tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • It is a measure of the strength of the interaction between the reagents that come together to form the complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interaction of these cell surface markers is the basis of cell recognitions, and initiates cellular responses that contribute to activities such as regulation, growth, and apoptosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basis of these arguments is on the interaction data of human CXorf26 as well as its yeast homolog, YPL225W. (wikipedia.org)
  • bonds
  • This is the initial binding mechanism, which is followed by the expression of integrins which form stronger bonds and allow leukocytes to migrate toward the site of inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • however, each form may have very different relative energy, so a significant barrier to interconversion may be present. (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • these groups have also been named for their discoverer as Schiff bases (azomethines), with the usual carbinolamine (hemiaminal) intermediate being formed and dehydrated en route to the Schiff base. (wikipedia.org)
  • By sequence similarity, the beta4GalTs form four groups: β4GalT1 and β4GalT2, β4GalT3 and β4GalT4, β4GalT5 and β4GalT6, and β4GalT7. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patent
  • I. European patent No. 133 547 was granted on 19 November 1987 on the basis of patent application No. 84 109 126.7 filed on 1 August 1984 claiming priority from JP 144248/83 of 5 August 1983. (epo.org)
  • On 3 April 1991, the Opposition Division issued an interlocutory decision within the meaning of Article 106(3) EPC whereby the patent was maintained in amended form on the basis of Claims 1 to 3 filed on 29. (epo.org)
  • Natural
  • The reason for this is that seaweed alginate can form a gel that is suitable as a cell growth medium because it is similar to the cells' natural growth environment", he says. (sintef.no)
  • There are four islands located on the coral reef platform, two natural islands, Johnston Island and Sand Island, which have been expanded by coral dredging, as well as North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina), an additional two artificial islands formed by coral dredging. (wikipedia.org)
  • stable
  • its highly specific and stable base-pairing is the basis of reliable genetic information storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pyranose form is thermodynamically more stable than the furanose form, which can be seen by the distribution of these two cyclic forms in solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The common conformers are similar to those found in cyclohexane, and these form the basis of the name. (wikipedia.org)
  • CXorf26 is found on the plus strand of the short arm of the X chromosome, specifically on the gene locus Xq13.3 spanning the genomic chromosome region from bases 75,393,420-75,397,740. (wikipedia.org)
  • specific
  • The unusual properties of AFPs are attributed to their selective affinity for specific crystalline ice forms and the resulting blockade of the ice-nucleation process. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • More tight junctions formed by CLDN1 would likely result in decreased expression of CXorf26 since the cell membrane would be used for tight junctions instead of its normal function related to heparan sulfate. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development. (wikipedia.org)