• cleft
  • ENT: Tympanoplasty, mastoidectomy and ossiculoplasty Maxillofacial: Cleft lip and palate repairs, facial reconstruction for fractures and traumatic defects, corrections of deformities caused by severe infections such as noma, removal of head and neck tumors, and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • bony
  • An area on the plantar foot, usually at the location of a bony prominence, that presents with erythema, significant hyperkeratosis, or thin, shiny skin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • birth
  • It is a common congenital malformation, typically discovered at the time of birth as an isolated anomaly in an otherwise normal neonate. (uptodate.com)
  • Expectant mothers with hypertension must be aware that the condition can cause birth defects such as congenital heart disease in their children. (medindia.net)
  • Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) is a rare muscle disorder present before birth, involving primarily problems of the face and skull and the hands and feet. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • At birth of a 'full-term' baby the average foot length is 7.6 centimetres (range 7.1 - 8.7 cm). (wikipedia.org)
  • skeletal
  • These positional changes result from the growth of the distal ends of the fibula and the skeletal elements of the lateral foot during the 'fibular phase' of rapid growth. (uptodate.com)
  • slower development continues until skeletal maturity of the feet, which occurs on average at 13 years in girls and 15 years in boys. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • Children who go barefoot have a lower incidence of flat feet and deformity while having greater foot flexibility than children who wear shoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pedorthist is a professional who has specialized training to modify footwear and employ supportive devices to address conditions which affect the feet and lower limbs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The arm had healed but the injury may have caused some paralysis down his right side, leading to deformities in his lower legs and foot and would have resulted in him walking with a pronounced, painful limp. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) are doctors who practice on the lower extremities, primarily on feet and ankles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Worldwide, in many countries the term podiatrist refers to allied health professionals who specialize in the treatment of the lower extremity, particularly the foot. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • Both deformities reduce the functional ability of the child and risk the joint becoming permanently damaged. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Maintaining the correction is challenging as relapses occurs in up to 37% of the feet treated with the Ponseti method and 29% of feet treated with the French Functional method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children's
  • Children's feet are smaller than those of adults, not reaching full size until the ages of 13 in girls and 15 in boys. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of children's feet begins in-utero, being mainly derived from basic embryological tissue called mesenchyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children's feet are a frequent presentation to a range of health professionals and represent a common parental concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Increasing pain levels accompany these deformities leading to a greater reluctance to comply with treatment or rehabilitation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The goal of treatment is to straighten the foot so that it can grow and develop normally. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Specific treatment will be determined by your child's physician, but the goal of treatment is to straighten the foot so that it can grow and develop normally. (nyhq.org)
  • It is important that foot problems are differentiated from growing trends, that foot pain is well diagnosed, and that any treatment is based upon best available evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • In Imperial China, it was the custom for respectable women to have their feet bound as children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The early gait of young new-walking children is distinguished from that of an older child or adult by many features: shortened stride, feet held widely apart, arms held up ('high guard' assisting balance), apparent sway (coronal plane), and rapid steps (high cadence). (wikipedia.org)
  • Type
  • It later developed a slight varus-type deformity at the carpus but remained sound with occasional bouts of mild lameness following vigorous exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • position
  • Metal frames are attached to the leg and / or foot and over a period of time the frame is manipulated to obtain the corrected position. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • terms
  • In simple terms, the mesenchyme differentiates to form a cartilage foot template, which is largely complete by the end of the embryonic period (8 weeks after conception). (wikipedia.org)
  • reduce
  • Shoes were also found to reduce foot motion and increase the support (weight-bearing) phases of the gait cycle. (wikipedia.org)