• musculature
  • Such a skeleton type used by animals that live in water are more for protection (such as barnacle and snail shells) or for fast-moving animals that require additional support of musculature needed for swimming through water. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Cartilage is one material that a pliant skeleton may be composed of, but most pliant skeletons are formed from a mixture of proteins , polysaccharides , and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cytoplasmic domains collide with the actin-based membrane skeleton which induces temporary confinement or corralling of transmembrane (TM) proteins in the membrane skeleton mesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ''pickets'' and ''fences'' made of the membrane skeleton and the anchored transmembrane proteins provide the cell with a mechanism for preserving the spatial information of signal transduction in the membranewhereas pickets would influence both lipids and transmembrane proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • continuum
  • Assume that the phase space of the underlying dynamical system is the material configuration space of a continuum, such as a fluid or a deformable body. (wikipedia.org)
  • This model differs from older cell membrane structure concepts such as the Singer-Nicolson fluid mosaic model and the Saffman-Delbrück two-dimensional continuum fluid model that view the membrane as more or less homogeneous. (wikipedia.org)
  • dynamics
  • In contrast, the LCSs creating these trajectory patterns turn out to be robust and provide a simplified skeleton of the overall dynamics of the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • A turbulent flow is a flow regime in fluid dynamics characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • Rigidity is provided by the hydrostatic pressure of their fluid contents, and movement is usually obtained passively by stretching and contraction of the animal's entire body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The movement of phospholipids, even those located in the outer leaflet of the membrane, is regulated by the actin-based membrane skeleton meshwork. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells
  • To filter out soluble waste products, flame cells are embedded in the front part of the two lateral fluid vessels, and remove the wastes through a network of pipes to the outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ciliated urn cells may also be attached to the peritoneum and assist in waste filtering from the interstitial fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • While LCSs generally exist in any dynamical system, their role in creating coherent patterns is perhaps most readily observable in fluid flows. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that even if the underlying dynamical system is autonomous, the LCSs of the system over the interval I {\displaystyle I} will generally be time-dependent, acting as the evolving skeletons of observed coherent trajectory patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • The robustness of this skeleton makes LCSs ideal tools for model validation, model comparison and benchmarking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Membrane skeleton fence, or membrane skeleton corralling model, suggests that this meshwork is likely to partition the plasma membrane into many small compartments with regard to the lateral diffusion of membrane molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • flexible
  • A peristaltic pump is a positive-displacement pump in which a motor pinches advancing portions of a flexible tube to propel a fluid within the tube. (wikipedia.org)
  • shape
  • upon muscle relaxation, the skeleton will return to its original shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluid within the organism is evenly concentrated so the forces of the muscle are spread throughout the whole organism and shape changes can persist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their fluid shape allows them to move around easily while swimming and burrowing. (wikipedia.org)