• musculature
  • Such a skeleton type used by animals that live in water are more for protection (such as barnacle and snail shells) or for fast-moving animals that require additional support of musculature needed for swimming through water. (wikipedia.org)
  • compartment
  • It performs its hydraulic movement without fluid in a separate compartment, as in a hydrostatic skeleton. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, when there are many such anchored TM proteins aligned along the membrane-skeleton fence, the compartment boundary becomes difficult for membrane molecules to pass through. (wikipedia.org)
  • In both models, membrane proteins and lipids can hop from a compartment to an adjacent one, probably when thermal fluctuations of the membrane and the membrane skeleton create a space between them large enough to allow the passage of integral membrane proteins, when an actin filament temporarily breaks, and/or when membrane molecules have sufficient kinetic energy to cross the barrier when they are in the boundary region. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Cartilage is one material that a pliant skeleton may be composed of, but most pliant skeletons are formed from a mixture of proteins , polysaccharides , and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ''pickets'' and ''fences'' made of the membrane skeleton and the anchored transmembrane proteins provide the cell with a mechanism for preserving the spatial information of signal transduction in the membranewhereas pickets would influence both lipids and transmembrane proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • The skeleton is the body part that forms the supporting structure of an organism . (wikipedia.org)
  • The skeleton (from Greek σκελετός, skeletós "dried up") is the body part that forms the supporting structure of an organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assume that the phase space of the underlying dynamical system is the material configuration space of a continuum, such as a fluid or a deformable body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skeleton , the supportive framework of an animal body. (britannica.com)
  • Rigidity is provided by the hydrostatic pressure of their fluid contents, and movement is usually obtained passively by stretching and contraction of the animal's entire body. (wikipedia.org)
  • continuum
  • This model differs from older cell membrane structure concepts such as the Singer-Nicolson fluid mosaic model and the Saffman-Delbrück two-dimensional continuum fluid model that view the membrane as more or less homogeneous. (wikipedia.org)
  • fluctuations
  • However, it often leads to false indications of turbulence, since pressure and velocity fluctuations over a fluid could be well correlated in the absence of any turbulence or vorticity. (wikipedia.org)
  • dynamics
  • In contrast, the LCSs creating these trajectory patterns turn out to be robust and provide a simplified skeleton of the overall dynamics of the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • A turbulent flow is a flow regime in fluid dynamics characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • In addition to its supportive function, the animal skeleton may provide protection, facilitate movement, and aid in certain sensory functions. (britannica.com)
  • The skeleton facilitates movement in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the animal. (britannica.com)
  • The movement of phospholipids, even those located in the outer leaflet of the membrane, is regulated by the actin-based membrane skeleton meshwork. (wikipedia.org)
  • hard
  • In a limited number of animals, the hard skeleton transmits vibrations that are sensed by the hearing mechanism. (britannica.com)
  • muscle
  • upon muscle relaxation, the skeleton will return to its original shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluid within the organism is evenly concentrated so the forces of the muscle are spread throughout the whole organism and shape changes can persist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells
  • To filter out soluble waste products, flame cells are embedded in the front part of the two lateral fluid vessels, and remove the wastes through a network of pipes to the outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ciliated urn cells may also be attached to the peritoneum and assist in waste filtering from the interstitial fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • If the fluid is some other type of liquid, it can take longer, but it is still faster than healing a bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • While LCSs generally exist in any dynamical system, their role in creating coherent patterns is perhaps most readily observable in fluid flows. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that even if the underlying dynamical system is autonomous, the LCSs of the system over the interval I {\displaystyle I} will generally be time-dependent, acting as the evolving skeletons of observed coherent trajectory patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • They have at least two lateral vessels which are joined at the ends to form a loop, and these and the rhynchocoel are filled with fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • The robustness of this skeleton makes LCSs ideal tools for model validation, model comparison and benchmarking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Membrane skeleton fence, or membrane skeleton corralling model, suggests that this meshwork is likely to partition the plasma membrane into many small compartments with regard to the lateral diffusion of membrane molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • flexible
  • A peristaltic pump is a positive-displacement pump in which a motor pinches advancing portions of a flexible tube to propel a fluid within the tube. (wikipedia.org)