• lungs
  • Normally, 10 to 20 mL of pleural fluid, similar in composition to plasma but lower in protein ( 1.5 g/dL), is spread thinly over visceral and parietal pleurae, facilitating movement between the lungs and chest wall. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Smoke, toxic gas and dust inhalation, vomitus, foods or fluids and even saliva that enter the airways can reach the lungs and cause injury. (healthhype.com)
  • This excess fluid can interfere with normal breathing by limiting the expansion of the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This rupture allows blood to spill into the pleural space, equalizing the pressures between it and the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the lungs are formed the fetus is held in the fluid-filled amniotic sac and so they do not function to breathe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pleural space is located anatomically between the visceral membrane, which is firmly attached to the lungs, and the parietal membrane which is firmly attached to the chest wall (a.k.a. ribcage and intercostal muscles, muscles between the ribs). (wikipedia.org)
  • A CT scan provides a computer-generated picture of the lungs that can show pockets of fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • endometrial tissue
  • Spontaneous hemothorax or hemopneumothorax may be occur with endometriosis, if endometrial tissue implants on the pleural surface, then bleeds in response to cyclical hormonal changes in menstruating women. (wikipedia.org)
  • pleurisy
  • A diagnosis of pleurisy or another pleural condition is based on a medical history, physical examinations, and diagnostic tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • Minor complications include a subcutaneous hematoma or seroma, anxiety, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and cough (after removing large volume of fluid). (wikipedia.org)
  • pseudotumor
  • On radiological studies, a pleural pseudotumor is visualized as a biconcave or lenticular lesion using conventional chest x-rays and CT scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pleuritis Pleural mesothelial hyperplasia Pleural calcified fibrous pseudotumor Pleural plaques: discrete fibrous or partially calcified thickened area which can be seen on X-rays of individuals exposed to asbestos. (wikipedia.org)
  • membranes
  • This fluid holds the two membranes together by surface tension, as much as a drop of water between two sheets of glass prevents them from separating. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, the fluid is disrupted and the two membranes no longer adhere to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • plaques
  • On radiological studies, pleural plaques are visualized using conventional chest x-rays and computed tomography scans (CT scans). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, studies have demonstrated that pleural plaques are an independent risk factor for developing bronchogenic carcinoma and/or mesothelioma. (wikipedia.org)