• PBDEs
  • The U.S. implemented fire safety standards in the 1970s that over time have led to more and more products adopting the use of toxic flame-retardant chemicals (polybrominated diphenyl ethers, or PBDEs) to meet the stringent regulations. (mercola.com)
  • And, even though children are among those most at risk from PBDEs' ability to disrupt and harm development, products intended for kids and babies are also those most likely to be doused in flame-retardant chemicals . (mercola.com)
  • A study published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology shows that farmed salmon accumulates higher levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) a chemical flame retardant used in furniture and electrical equipment. (ewg.org)
  • We found maternal exposure to PBDEs, a group of brominated flame retardants mostly withdrawn from the U.S. market in 2004, was associated with deficits in child cognition at age 5 years and hyperactivity at ages 2-5 years," Dr. Chen said. (aap.org)
  • Even though PBDEs, except Deca-BDEs, are not used as a flame retardant in the United States anymore, they are found on many consumer products bought several years ago. (aap.org)
  • This book chapter covers both developmental and reproductive effects of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). (epa.gov)
  • Both the Senate and House versions of the bill would make Washington the first state to ban chlorinated Tris, a chemical that rose in use after the state banned a class of flame retardants known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers, or PBDEs, from children's products in 2009. (yahoo.com)
  • In February 2009, the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) released two certified reference materials (CRMs) to help analytical laboratories better detect two classes of flame retardants, namely polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Several polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are useful flame retardants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Decabromodiphenyl ether (also known as decaBDE, deca-BDE, DBDE, deca, decabromodiphenyl oxide, DBDPO, or bis(pentabromophenyl) ether) is a brominated flame retardant which belongs to the group of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers or PBDEs, are organobromine compounds that are used as flame retardant. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemicals
  • For chemicals used to fight structure fires and wildfires, see fire retardant . (wikipedia.org)
  • The term flame retardants subsumes a diverse group of chemicals which are added to manufactured materials, such as plastics and textiles, and surface finishes and coatings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additive and reactive flame-retardant chemicals can both function in the vapor (gaseous) or condensed (solid) phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • As flame retardants, the chemicals help to slow ignition and rate of flame growth in the event of a fire, giving you more time to escape. (mercola.com)
  • Flame retardants have been shown to cause developmental problems in laboratory animals and the levels of these chemicals found in human blood are on the rise. (ewg.org)
  • The chemicals - known as PFRs, or organophosphate flame retardants - can be used to make clothing or upholstery fire-resistant and may also be found in nail polish, yoga mats and car seats. (reuters.com)
  • Couples wishing to reduce their exposure to flame retardants may benefit from washing their hands several times throughout the day, particularly before eating, as previous studies have shown that people who wash their hands more frequently have lower levels of these chemicals in their bodies. (reuters.com)
  • There is little to no information about the potential health effects of these new flame retardants in the peer-reviewed literature,' said Heather Patisaul of North Carolina State University, who studies endocrine-disrupting chemicals but was not involved in the research. (scientificamerican.com)
  • But the makers of these chemicals - supported by the tobacco industry, which prefers the existing flame-retardant standards to new regulations requiring more fire-resistant cigarettes - have mounted a successful all-out campaign over the years. (latimes.com)
  • In response, manufacturers, retailers, consumer advocacy groups, regulatory bodies and other stakeholders have been discussing and evaluating potential ways of reducing exposure to certain flame retardants through the reduction of certain chemicals, changes in manufacturing processes or replacement with safer alternatives. (ul.com)
  • Exploring scientific methods for assessing human exposure to flame retardants and other semi-volatile organic chemicals (SVOCs). (ul.com)
  • This will be conducted by measuring concentrations of flame retardant chemicals in air and dust from various furniture and electronic products. (ul.com)
  • The Consumer Product Safety Commission published guidance in the Federal Registry Thursday that serves as a warning for consumers not to buy products containing a commonly-used class of toxic flame retardants, called organohalogen chemicals. (cnn.com)
  • These chemicals are added to products to keep them from catching fire in smolder or open flame situations," said Adler. (cnn.com)
  • It also removes a provision barring the replacement of banned flame retardants with other likely toxic chemicals - a phenomenon advocates refer to as "the toxic treadmill. (yahoo.com)
  • In that testimony, Heimbach told of treating infants suffering severe burns because of children's products not containing flame-retardant chemicals. (yahoo.com)
  • In the wake of the Tribune report, the companies that manufacture flame-retardant chemicals closed their public outreach arm, the Citizens for Fire Safety Institute, and shifted their lobbying efforts to the American Chemistry Council. (yahoo.com)
  • Medical News Today said that "Flame retardant chemicals are found in a variety of products that we come into contact with every day, such as carpets, sofas, curtains and even baby products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early in 2014 the institute published a paper in Environmental Health Perspectives that listed "17 types of chemicals to avoid, including those in gasoline, diesel exhaust, flame retardants and paint thinner. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shaw is credited as the first scientist to show that brominated flame retardant chemicals used in consumer products have contaminated marine mammals and commercially important fish stocks in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • The paper had national policy implications, laying the groundwork for the San Antonio Statement, which cited the need for regulatory action on halogenated flame retardant chemicals worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shaw's paper and the statement were, in turn, the basis for the Chicago Tribune's 2012 exposé of the chemical industry's campaign to market harmful flame retardant chemicals to the American public. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exposure
  • A new study to be presented on Monday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting shows that prenatal exposure to the flame retardants is associated with lower intelligence and hyperactivity in early childhood. (aap.org)
  • Another limitation of the study is that researchers didn't consider male partners' exposure to flame retardants, the authors note. (reuters.com)
  • The use of flame retardants is traced to a California standard adopted in the 1970s, which mandates that foam used in furniture cushions must withstand a 12-second exposure to a small, open flame. (scientificamerican.com)
  • It requires foam upholstery to be able to withstand 12 seconds of direct exposure to a "candle-like" flame. (latimes.com)
  • UL's Human Health research organization is leading an investigation into how to measure and assess the impact of human exposure to flame retardants. (ul.com)
  • UL sponsored a " Furniture Flammability and Human Health Summit ", where participants concluded that there was a lack of data addressing how people are exposed to flame retardants, what levels of exposure and types of exposure cause adverse health effects and how the aging of those products affects the exposure. (ul.com)
  • Medical News Today concluded: The researchers note that there are strategies consumers can adopt to reduce their exposure to toxic flame retardants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute's mission is to protect the environment and people from the effects of harmful exposure in three priority areas: halogenated flame retardants and other persistent organic pollutants (POPs), chemical dispersants used in oil spills, and plastic pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • It presented a large body of scientific evidence of the negative health effects, including cancer, that are associated with exposure to halogenated flame retardants in consumer products. (wikipedia.org)
  • polybrominated diphe
  • Newswise - A study published December 7 ahead of print in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) reports what scientists believe is the worst documented U.S. case of food contamination with polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants. (newswise.com)
  • Zota
  • Since this is the first study to examine the effects of organophosphate flame retardants on female reproduction, it is unclear how these findings would apply to the general population of reproductive-aged women," said Ami Zota, an environmental and occupational health researcher at the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University. (reuters.com)
  • Women may be able to reduce their chemical exposures in the indoor environment by washing their hands frequently, especially prior to eating, as well as buying flame-retardant-free furniture," Zota advised. (reuters.com)
  • I am concerned by the rise in use and diversity of flame retardants on the market because we have very little information on their toxicity and potential effects on the general population, particularly vulnerable subpopulations such as pregnant women and young children,' said Ami Zota, who studies flame retardants and reproductive health at the University of California, San Francisco. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Dangers
  • After years of legislative inaction - and years of studies linking chemical flame retardants to a wide variety of health problems - Gov. Jerry Brown is calling for an administrative overhaul of a 37-year-old fire safety rule that was developed with limited information about the dangers of many flame retardants, or about their lack of effectiveness. (latimes.com)
  • chemical
  • Flame retardants are activated by the presence of an ignition source and are intended to prevent or slow the further development of ignition by a variety of different physical and chemical methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • The series exposed how the chemical and tobacco industries waged a deceptive, decades-long campaign to promote the use of flame-retardant furniture and downplay the hazards. (latimes.com)
  • Flame retardants are similar to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), another toxic chemical contaminant found in high levels in farmed salmon . (ewg.org)
  • The scientists discovered one chemical in sofas that had never been reported before as a flame retardant. (scientificamerican.com)
  • SAN FRANCISCO (CBS.MW) -- Great Lakes Chemical GLK, +0.00% said Monday that it is raising prices on its clear brine fluids and flame retardants as of Jan. 1. (marketwatch.com)
  • by the time it reaches the upholstery, researchers have found, the fire is too far along to be damped by chemical fire retardants. (latimes.com)
  • According to a new study published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, 80 percent of baby products contain toxic or untested chemical flame retardants. (redorbit.com)
  • Understanding how these exposures happen and the potential health consequences as well as comparing traditional flame retardants against non-chemical alternatives can help optimize the performance and health safety of products. (ul.com)
  • Specifically, there has been concern about the use of some chemical flame retardants in products within the home. (ul.com)
  • The research about chemical flame retardants reinforces the importance of considering not just the safety performance of products but how it impacts other areas of safety, such as human health. (ul.com)
  • The brominated variety of commercialized chemical flame retardants comprise approximately 19.7% of the market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Counsel and Health noted that "The team also found that residents with the highest levels of TCEP and TDCIPP in their urine lived in homes that had respective chemical in dust, which suggests that the home and the furniture in it are exposing people to toxic flame retardants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noflan is a flame retardant chemical. (wikipedia.org)
  • developmental
  • But if that rule is changed as proposed, fire-safety standards can be met without using flame retardants, which have been linked to cancer, developmental problems and impaired fertility. (latimes.com)
  • Various retardants have been linked to cancer, neurological and developmental problems, infertility and thyroid disruption. (latimes.com)
  • resins
  • It has been used as a flame retardant for a variety of materials, including electronic equipment, PVC, hydraulic fluids, glues, in nail polishes, and casting resins. (wikipedia.org)
  • California
  • Under a current California rule, known as Technical Bulletin 117, foam cushioning must withstand a candle-like flame for 12 seconds, a standard that many manufacturers meet by adding flame retardants to products sold across the country. (latimes.com)
  • Some types of flame retardants have been banned in Europe and California because of health concerns . (ewg.org)
  • California passed a law in the mid-1970s requiring furniture to resist ignition for 12 seconds in tests with open flames and smoldering cigarettes. (slate.com)
  • More furniture appears to be treated with flame retardants today than, say, 15 years ago,' said Heather Stapleton, an environmental chemist at Duke University and lead author of the project, which also included researchers from the University of California, Berkeley and Boston University. (scientificamerican.com)
  • In a separate study also published today, researchers found that dust in California homes is contaminated with levels of flame retardants that exceed health risk guidelines developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Because the market in California is so large, much of the nation's furniture is manufactured with flame retardants to meet that standard. (scientificamerican.com)
  • concentrations
  • Reuters Health) - Women with high concentrations of common flame retardants in their urine may have a hard time getting pregnant and carrying a baby to term, a recent study suggests. (reuters.com)
  • alternatives
  • They also add to the body of evidence indicating a need to reduce the use of these flame retardants and identify safer alternatives," Carignan, now at the Center for Research on Ingredient Safety at Michigan State University in East Lansing, said by email. (reuters.com)
  • retardancy
  • The basic mechanisms of flame retardancy vary depending on the specific flame retardant and the substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A method for improving the flame retardancy of a silicone rubber is shown in U.S. Pat. (google.com)
  • where a platinum compound or platinum is combined with other components of a silicone rubber to impart flame retardancy. (google.com)
  • While the addition of platinum or platinum compound does improve the flame retardancy of silicone rubbers and is entirely adequate for most uses, the rubbers produced according to the Nobel et al. (google.com)
  • SUMMARY In accordance with the present invention, it-has been discovered that by incorporating a small amount of a Group II metal oxide, preferably zinc oxide, in combination with a platinum compound or platinum in a filled silicone rubber composition that the flame retardancy of the silicone rubber is markedly improved. (google.com)
  • furniture
  • Why are flame retardants required in furniture, anyway? (slate.com)
  • Wasn't Ikea the company with the long corporate reports about tree planting and forward-thinking policies on hazardous materials-and one of the first major retailers to discontinue the use of brominated flame retardants in furniture? (slate.com)
  • Because national furniture makers want to sell to Californians, we're all sitting on flame retardants whichever state we live in. (slate.com)
  • Flame retardants in U.S. furniture are on the rise, with a new study finding them in nearly all couches tested. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Whether there are health risks from many of the newer flame retardants, however, is largely unknown, and most furniture does not carry labels that provide information to consumers. (scientificamerican.com)
  • A spokesperson from the American Chemistry Council, which represents flame retardant manufacturers, said "this study confirms what we would expect to find: Furniture manufacturers use approved flame retardants to meet established fire safety standards, which help save lives. (scientificamerican.com)
  • sofas
  • Unlike the House bill, the Senate version doesn't include banning the two retardants from sofas and other upholstered household products. (yahoo.com)
  • products
  • Certain new non halogenated products, with these reactive and non emissive characteristics have been coming onto the market since 2010, because of the public debate about flame retardant emissions. (wikipedia.org)
  • She also said companies are not required to label products containing flame-retardants. (redorbit.com)
  • Gordon Nelson, a professor of chemistry at the Florida Institute of Technology, told USA Today that some of the baby products tested were purchased in 2002, which was before PentaBDA, a common flame-retardant, was phased out. (redorbit.com)
  • OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) -- The state Senate passed a bill Wednesday that would ban two carcinogenic flame retardants in car seats, strollers and other products made for young children. (yahoo.com)
  • It is used as a plasticizer and a fire retardant in a wide variety of settings and products. (wikipedia.org)
  • spokesperson
  • Bryan Goodman, a spokesperson for the North American Flame Retardant Alliance, said because these regulations help promote public safety "there is a need for international, national and regional code consistency. (cnn.com)
  • thermal
  • A way to stop spreading of the flame over the material is to create a thermal insulation barrier between the burning and unburned parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, once there is a potential thermal runaway, the flame retardant will be activated and nip the fire or explosion in the bud. (ubergizmo.com)
  • Its mechanism of action as a flame retardant is as follows: first, during thermal decomposition, phosphoric acid is formed. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • Funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), this region-wide effort has produced a large body of data on a wide range of persistent organic pollutants, including flame retardants, in marine mammals and fish that has placed the region in a global perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • Flame retardants are well-studied and provide important fire safety benefits in homes, cars and public areas," the American Chemistry Council, an industry group, said in a statement to USA Today's Liz Szabo. (redorbit.com)