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  • condom
  • Around 9% of U.S. women reported having an intimate partner who tried to get them pregnant when they did not want to or refused to use a condom. (wikipedia.org)
  • When women did try to negotiate condom use with their abusive partners, 32% said they were verbally threatened, 21% reported physical abuse, and 14% said their partners threatened abandonment. (wikipedia.org)
  • prostitution
  • The women were reluctant to work in the brothels, so prostitution remained in the bars and restaurants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many forms of VAW, such as trafficking in women and forced prostitution are often perpetrated by organized criminal networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transactional sex is a superset of prostitution, in that the exchange of gifts for sex includes a broader set of (usually non-marital) obligations that do not necessarily involve a predetermined payment or gift, but where there is a definite motivation to benefit materially from the sexual exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Women with normal blood pressure during pregnancy and who breastfed their babies for at least six months following birth had better markers of cardiovascular health years later compared to women who never breastfed, based on research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session. (thesynapse.net)
  • The same benefits were not observed in women who had high blood pressure during pregnancy. (thesynapse.net)
  • Pregnancy pressure, or pregnancy coercion, is enacted by a woman's sexual partner when he pressures her into having unprotected sex in order to become pregnant, or into continuing or terminating the pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Guttmacher Institute policy analysis states that forcing a woman to terminate a pregnancy she wants or to continue a pregnancy she does not want violates the basic human right of her reproductive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth control sabotage is frequently associated with physical or sexual violence, and is a contributor to high pregnancy rates-especially teenage pregnancy rates-among abused, disadvantaged women and teenagers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other risk factors include: Female sex Patient age (under 55 years old) History of light alcohol use History of previous CINV History of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy History of motion sickness Anxiety or depression Anticipation of CINV Several treatment methods are available to help prevent CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • d. violation of the human rights of women in situations of armed conflict, in particular the taking of hostages, forced displacement, systematic rape, sexual slavery, forced pregnancy, and trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation and economic exploitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • Higher waist and hip size are more strongly associated with heart attack risk than overall obesity, especially among women, according to research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. (thesynapse.net)
  • Reported risk factors include female sex, obesity, elevated calcium*phosphate product, medications such as warfarin, vitamin D derivatives e.g. calcitriol, calcium-based binders, or systemic steroids, protein C or S deficiency, low blood albumin levels, and diabetes mellitus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breast hypertrophy is classified in one of five ways: as either pubertal (virginal hypertrophy), gestational (gravid macromastia), in adult women without any obvious cause, associated with penicillamine therapy, and associated with extreme obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • The SCOR programs are large Center Programs (P50) that consist of 11 Centers that conduct interdisciplinary research focused on health issues that affect women and examine sex/gender contributions to health and disease. (nih.gov)
  • occurs
  • Many women wonder why it occurs. (multicare.org)
  • When gigantomastia occurs in young women during puberty, the medical condition is known as juvenile macromastia or juvenile gigantomastia and sometimes as virginal breast hypertrophy or virginal mammary hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Macromastia occurs in approximately half of women with aromatase excess syndrome (a condition of hyperestrogenism). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the western world, transactional sex occurs ubiquitously in the form of sex in exchange for things of value. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract This study examined the HIV risk behaviors efforts for this population need to include broad-based and life experiences of 151 transgender female youth, ages approaches that take into account individual, social, and 15-24, in Los Angeles and Chicago. (slideshare.net)
  • Some highly emetogenic agents and chemotherapy regimens include: Cisplatin Dacarbazine Cyclophosphamide (>1500 mg/m2) Carmustine (>250 mg/m2) Mechlorethamine Streptozocin ABVD MOPP/COPP/BEACOPP CBV VIP BEP AC Some moderately emetogenic agents and regimens include: Carboplatin Methotrexate Doxorubicin/Adriamycin Docetaxel Paclitaxel Etoposide Ifosfamide Cyclophosphamide (≤1500 mg/m2) CHOP/CHOP-R Besides the type of treatment, personal factors may put a patient at greater risk for CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • An improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying UTIs could result in new approaches to their prevention and reduced numbers of women with infections and the amount of antibiotics use. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study clearly shows the need for a specific health assistance to these women, promoting prevention and education in a holistic approach. (bmj.com)
  • While there are sociocultural barriers that impede the provision of immediate care to these stroke patients, much needs to be done by way of prevention of recurrent stroke and treatment of risk factors. (aku.edu)
  • To date, HIV response has devoted insufficient attention and resources to efforts to address HIV and sex work, with less than 1% of global funding for HIV prevention being spent on HIV and sex work (UNAIDS:2012). (ac.ke)
  • HIV prevention term ''transgender female youth'' to refer to this group of young people by their chosen identity rather than their behavior. (slideshare.net)
  • Transgender female youth are young people who E. C. Wilson (&) Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), AIDS Research experience a gender identity that is different from their Institute, University of California, 50 Beale St., Suite 1300, male anatomic sex at birth. (slideshare.net)
  • Other definitions of VAW are provided by the 1994 Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women and by the 2003 Maputo Protocol. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Opponents of such definitions argue that the definitions disregard violence against men and that the term gender, as used in gender based violence, only refers to women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transactional sex refers to sexual relationships where the giving of gifts or services is an important factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • condoms
  • Even women with high STI knowledge are more likely to use condoms inconsistently than women with low STI knowledge when there is a high level of fear for abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • A survey conducted by Beth Israel Medical Center in New York city and the North American Syringe Exchange Network, among 126 surveyed SEPs that 77% provided material abuse therapy, 72% provided voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and more than two-thirds provided supplies such as bleach, alcohol pads and male and female condoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • 2000). For example, a Los Angeles- A. Herrick based study found that sex work was a primary source of Howard Brown Health Center, Chicago, IL, USA recent income for 50% of its sample of 244 transgender M. Martinez Á M. Belzer women (Simon et al. (slideshare.net)
  • mortality
  • Stroke risk factors, mortality and outcomes differ in developing countries as compared to the developed world. (aku.edu)
  • One of the more famous of such studies linked a body mass index lower than 18 in women with increased mortality from noncancer, non−cardiovascular disease causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in an estimated 7-11 million women each year, and the annual costs of caring for these women are thought to approach $1.6 billion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Approximately 20-30% of women suffer from frequent recurrent infections. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • behavior
  • There are alarm pheromones, food trail pheromones, sex pheromones, and many others that affect behavior or physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • UTIs in young women result in substantial symptoms, time lost from work, and medical costs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • factors associated with ever having engaged in sex work. (slideshare.net)
  • Sixty-seven percent of participants had ever engaged in sex Keywords Youth Á Sex work Á HIV Á Social support Á work and 19% self-reported being HIV positive. (slideshare.net)
  • Many Transgender female youth factors were significantly associated with sex work for this sample population. (slideshare.net)
  • A final multivariate logistic regression model found that lower education status, homelessness, use Introduction of street drugs, and perceived social support remained significantly associated with sex work when controlling for Transgender female youth are an understudied, under- other factors. (slideshare.net)
  • environment and suggest a need for sex work initiation Community partners for this research project coined the research for transgender female youth. (slideshare.net)
  • Research with transgender women points to R. Garofalo high rates of engagement in sex work as a primary con- Howard Brown Health Center/Children's Memorial Hospital, tributor to this population's HIV-related sexual risk. (slideshare.net)
  • A Chicago, IL, USA number of urban samples of transgender women have reported high rates of engagement in sex work (Clements- R. D. Harris Westat, Rockville, MD, USA Nolle et al. (slideshare.net)
  • The ring smuggled in dozens of Dominican women to work at several locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • UTI-causing bacteria cultured from women with symptomatic UTI and asymptomatic bacteriuria will undergo studies by Dr. Scott Hultgren's group at Washington University in Project 1 to identify unique genes that may help us understand why some bacteria cause symptoms and others do not. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The effect of bacteria causing UTI in these women on host response will also be determined by studies by Dr. Jeff Gordon's laboratory at Washington University in Project 3. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For this reason, bacteria are too small to use pheromones as sex attractants on an individual basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Negotiating Intimacy: Transactional Sex and Relationships Among Cambodian Professional Girlfriends (PhD dissertation thesis). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Factors Influencing Transactional Sex Among Young Men and Women in 12 Sub-Saharan African Countries, POLICY Project, October 2004. (wikipedia.org)
  • partners
  • Partners can also forbid women from using family planning or force them to have sex without protection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those offering sex may or may not feel affection for their partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases, the woman in a transactional sexual relationship may remain faithful to her boyfriend, while he may have multiple sexual partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other cases, the woman may have multiple partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pervasiveness of transactional sex in sub-saharan Africa, common in non-marital relationships across all income categories, is closely linked to socio-cultural expectations of gender whereby a man is expected to act as a provider to their partners and women expect a compensation for 'giving' sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidemiology
  • The epidemiology and risk factors for gallstone disease and the approach to patients with symptomatic gallstones or with complications of gallstone disease (such as cholecystitis and pancreatitis) are discussed separately. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Epidemiology of and risk factors for gallstones' and 'Uncomplicated gallstone disease in adults' and 'Acute cholecystitis: Pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis' and 'Choledocholithiasis: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management' and 'Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of acute pancreatitis' and 'Etiology of acute pancreatitis', section on 'Gallstones' . (uptodate.com)
  • The epidemiology and risk factors for gallstones are discussed in detail elsewhere. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Epidemiology of and risk factors for gallstones' . (uptodate.com)
  • result
  • Male-produced sex attractants have been called aggregation pheromones, because they usually result in the arrival of both sexes at a calling site and increase the density of conspecifics surrounding the pheromone source. (wikipedia.org)
  • lifetime
  • Females can lay up to 2,500 eggs in their lifetime. (wikipedia.org)
  • At least one out of every three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime with the abuser usually someone known to her. (wikipedia.org)
  • Love
  • Sex, Love and Money in Cambodia: Professional Girlfriends and Transactional Relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • older
  • older age, higher diet quality, and female sex were positive factors affecting the benefits realized from lower caloric intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are actions girls and women can take if their contraception has been sabotaged: In the US, Plan B (the morning after pill) can be acquired by girls 15 years or older. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transactional sexual relationships are particularly common in sub-Saharan Africa, where they often involve relationships between older men and younger women or girls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transactional sex is also becoming a vehicle for migration in places where younger women have intimate relationships with older men from for example Europe or North America (Groes-Green 2014). (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • If prescription drugs are affecting your sex life, talk to your psychiatrist or therapist about a "drug holiday. (multicare.org)
  • Descriptive analyses community-level factors relevant to the lives of transgen- and logistic regression modeling were used to identify life der female youth. (slideshare.net)
  • high
  • Objective To elucidate the factors associated with high left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and to test the hypothesis that high LVMI is associated with worse outcome in severe aortic stenosis (AS). (bmj.com)
  • power
  • The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women states, "violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women" and "violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men. (wikipedia.org)
  • While many factors have contributed to the escalating violence, security analysts in Mexico City trace the origins of the rising scourge to the unraveling of a longtime implicit arrangement between narcotics traffickers and governments controlled by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which began to lose its grip on political power in the late 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • Fabre observed and noted how "females who lay their eggs in these fruits deposit these mysterious substances in the vicinity of their clutch to signal to other females of the same species they should clutch elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation
  • citation needed] At the onset of puberty, some females with who have experienced little or no breast development can reportedly reach three or more cup sizes within a few days (see below). (wikipedia.org)
  • male
  • This group of youth has been San Francisco, CA 94105, USA referred to as Male-to-Female transgender youth in previ- e-mail: erin.wilson@ucsf.edu ous literature. (slideshare.net)
  • In similar manner, the simple animals rotifers are, it appears, also too small for females to lay down a useful trail, but in the slightly larger copepods the female leaves a trail that the male can follow. (wikipedia.org)