• species
  • FIV is known in other feline species, and in fact is endemic in some large wild cats, such as African lions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since Dmitri Ivanovsky's 1892 article describing a non-bacterial pathogen infecting tobacco plants, and the discovery of the tobacco mosaic virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, about 5,000 virus species have been described in detail, although there are millions of types. (wikipedia.org)
  • The shapes of these virus particles range from simple helical and icosahedral forms for some virus species to more complex structures for others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most virus species have virions that are too small to be seen with an optical microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be narrow, meaning a virus is capable of infecting few species, or broad, meaning it is capable of infecting many. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • The genetic material of viruses is composed of one type of nucleic acid, which may be either ribonucleic acid ( RNA ) or deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA ). (maxshouse.com)
  • The genetic material of the virus is composed of a single'strand of DNA. (maxshouse.com)
  • In evolution, viruses are an important means of horizontal gene transfer, which increases genetic diversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viruses are considered by some to be a life form, because they carry genetic material, reproduce, and evolve through natural selection, but lack key characteristics (such as cell structure) that are generally considered necessary to count as life. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Flat-chested kitten syndrome Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in cats and have many causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion Feline spongiform encephalopathy IBD - Intestinal Bowel Disease causes frequent vomiting and weight loss in cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria and archaea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The origins of viruses in the evolutionary history of life are unclear: some may have evolved from plasmids-pieces of DNA that can move between cells-while others may have evolved from bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • Cats are definitive hosts and reservoirs for several parasites, some of which are responsible for serious zoonotic diseases. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Felidae
  • See: Global spread of H5N1#Felidae (cats) Ringworm Cryptococcus Veterinary parasitology studies both external and internal parasites in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • FIV is not spread by casual contact between cats (by sharing food and water bowls or litter pans, by airborne germs or by mutual grooming) it is unusual for cats in the same household to spread the disease to each other unless they fight. (blogspot.com)
  • All kittens and cats should be tested to determine if they are infected, even if they show no physical signs of disease. (blogspot.com)
  • All cats and kittens should be tested, even if they show no physical signs of disease. (blogspot.com)
  • Dental disease is a problem for cats of all ages, especially older ones, and ven lead to much greater health problems than a cavity to fill here and there. (ktre.com)
  • FIV is a transmissible disease that occurs more often in males because of their tendency to be more aggressive, and because they are more likely to roam, thereby increasing their exposure to the virus. (petmd.com)
  • FIV+ cats can share water bowls, pellet bowls, eat from the same bowl of wet food, and use the same litter box without the danger of transmitting the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low levels of CD4+ and other affected immune system cells cause the cat to be susceptible to opportunistic diseases once the disease progresses to feline acquired immune deficiency syndrome (FAIDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many viruses eventually kill their host cells, resulting in disease and provoking an assault by the immune response of the host. (maxshouse.com)
  • Sometimes, this response goes away, so that the harmful effects of the immune response are actually more serious than those of the viral disease itself Other viruses provoke little, if any, reaction, and some can remain dormant, or latent, in the host for years. (maxshouse.com)
  • To assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia in a referral population of cats in the UK, to identify disease processes associated with thrombocytopenia and to assess the proportion of thrombocytopenic cats that tested positive for feline leukaemia virus or feline immunodeficiency virus. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Heartworm Roundworm Toxoplasmosis Cytauxzoonosis Domestic cats are affected by over 250 naturally occurring hereditary disorders, many of which are similar to those in humans, such as diabetes, hemophilia and Tay-Sachs disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Familial renal disease is inherited in Abyssinians and Persians Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Heart valve dysplasia Heterochromia Luxating patella Portosystemic shunt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline asthma Flat-chested kitten syndrome Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease begins when the cat stops eating from a loss of appetite, forcing the liver to convert body fat into usable energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones and cystitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a common disease in adult cats, though it can strike in young cats too. (wikipedia.org)
  • particles
  • Poiesz, B.J., R.W. Ruscetti, A.F. Gazdar, P.A. Bunn, J.D. Minna, and R.C. Gallo (1980) Detection and isolation of type C virus particles from fresh and cultured lymphocytes of a patient with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. (springer.com)
  • once inside, however, the virus seizes command of the cell's biosynthetic machinery, converting the cell into a 'high-tech' factory for the production of new virus particles. (maxshouse.com)
  • While not inside an infected cell or in the process of infecting a cell, viruses exist in the form of independent particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commonly
  • All cats, even indoor cats, should be vaccinated against rabies, which is now seen more commonly in cats than in any other domestic animal. (ktre.com)
  • Transmission of FPV occurs most commonly by direct contact with infected cats or their excretions. (maxshouse.com)
  • rabies
  • If your cat bites anyone, you may need to show proof of rabies vaccination. (ktre.com)
  • Prevent rabies through vaccination and by keeping your cat inside. (ktre.com)
  • In the United States, cats make up 4.6% of reported cases of rabies infected animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • However, these vaccines pose a number of economic and safety problems, primarily because of the tissue culture requirement for growing viruses. (springer.com)
  • susceptible
  • Only cats are susceptible to these diseases. (blogspot.com)
  • The virus is highly resistant to most disinfectants ether, chloroform, acid, alcohol, and heat (56'C, or 132.8'F, for thirty minutes)but is susceptible to Clorox bleach. (maxshouse.com)
  • recombinant
  • This is the first large-scale (228 laboratory cats) study characterizing short- and long-duration efficacies of dual-subtype FIV vaccines against heterologous subtype and recombinant viruses, as well as FIV tiers based on NAb analysis and passive-transfer studies. (healthyfutureforkids.com)
  • kittens
  • Also, an infected mother cat can pass the virus to her kittens before they are born or through her milk while nursing. (blogspot.com)
  • whereas
  • Further studies indicated that HIV-2 is derived from the SIVsmm strain found in sooty mangabeys, whereas HIV-1, the predominant virus found in humans, is derived from SIV strains infecting chimpanzees (SIVcpz). (wikipedia.org)
  • The English plural is viruses (sometimes also viri or vira), whereas the Latin word is a mass noun, which has no classically attested plural (Neo-Latin had vīra is used). (wikipedia.org)
  • Organization
  • Click here to learn more about the O'Malley Alley Cat Organization in Lufkin. (ktre.com)
  • The American Association of Feline Practitioners (an organization in the United States), as well as many feral cat organizations, recommends against euthanizing FIV-positive cats, or even spending funds to test for the virus, as spaying or neutering cats seems to effectively control transmission (spayed/neutered cats are less likely to engage in territorial fights). (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Replication (reproduction) of the virus in the host occurs in cells that are themselves actively reproducing. (maxshouse.com)
  • cause
  • Once integrated into the host cell's genome, the virus can lay dormant in the asymptomatic stage for extended periods of time without being detected by the immune system or can cause lysis of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • airborne
  • Most of these diseases can spread from cat to cat via airborne pathogens or through direct or indirect contact, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. (wikipedia.org)
  • envelope
  • Elder, J.H., and J.I. Mullins (1983) Nucleotide sequence of the envelope gene of Gardner-Arnstein feline leukemia virus B reveals unique sequence homologies with a murine mink cell focus-forming virus. (springer.com)
  • Some viruses have, in addition to this coat, a soft outer envelope, which confers some special properties. (maxshouse.com)
  • known
  • In 1892, the Russian biologist Dmitri Ivanovsky used this filter to study what is now known as the tobacco mosaic virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • gums
  • Unless a FIV+ cat has bleeding gums and bites a FIV- cat so deeply, that the skin is severed and the blood stream reached by a drop of blood, there is no chance of transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • Feline acne Feline eosinophilic granuloma Flea allergy dermatitis Hyperthyroidism Miliary dermatitis (feline eczema) Mange Nutritional skin disorders Bladder cancer Bone cancer Intestinal cancer Liver cancer Lymphoma in animals Mammary tumor Mast cell tumor Nose cancer Skin cancer Soft tissue sarcoma Stomach cancer Anal sacs impaction Cerebellar hypoplasia is a disorder found in cats and dogs in which the cerebellum is not completely mature at birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasites
  • We conducted a case-control study of data from a trap-neuter-return (TNR) programme (years 2014-2017) designed to examine the prevalence of zoonotic parasites in free-roaming cats living in urban areas of central Spain. (readbyqxmd.com)