• regulate
  • With a society, where stress is experienced daily and comfort food is found at every street corner, it will be vital to understand the interactions between the systems that react to stress and regulate feeding behavior to fight the obesity epidemic. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Illumination of the neural pathway used by hormones to regulate appetite and eating behavior could eventually provide new drug targets for treating eating disorders and obesity. (rxpgnews.com)
  • In contrast, less is known about the mechanisms that regulate the qualitative aspects of feeding, although they also significantly impact the control of weight and health. (mdpi.com)
  • larval
  • These results indicate that the initial prey-capture behavior remains unchanged throughout larval ontogeny. (biologists.org)
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal volume Aguila, Rayner Núñez, Davis, Don R. (2016): Antillopsyche sessilis, new genus and species, a new Psychidae (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea) from Cuba with an unusual larval feeding behavior. (gbif.org)
  • neural
  • Here, we show that neural serotonin signaling in C. elegans modulates feeding behavior through inhibition of AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) in interneurons expressing the C. elegans counterpart of human SIM1, a transcription factor associated with obesity. (nih.gov)
  • Circuits that participate in specific subcomponents of feeding (e.g., gustatory perception, peripheral feedback relevant to satiety and energy balance, reward coding, etc.) are found at all levels of the neural axis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • dopamine
  • Using these seminal contributions as a starting point, we will discuss new findings that expand our understanding of (1) the specific, differentiable motivational processes that are governed by central dopamine and opioid transmission, (2) the manner in which other striatal neuromodulators, specifically acetylcholine, endocannabinoids and adenosine, modulate these motivational processes (including via interactions with opioid systems), and (3) the organization of the cortical-subcortical network that subserves opioid-driven feeding. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • neuronal
  • Using the functional output of the circuit, feeding, changes in the neuronal architecture of the stomatogastric system can be visualized. (jove.com)
  • humans
  • In a new study published in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Drs. Marm Kilpatrick, Peter Daszak, and colleagues now present evidence that the major vector of West Nile virus in the USA, Culex pipiens mosquitoes, change their feeding behavior in the fall from their preferred host, American robins, to humans, resulting in large scale outbreaks of disease. (eurekalert.org)
  • As the summer wore on and robins left their breeding grounds, the probability that humans were fed on increased sevenfold. (eurekalert.org)
  • species feed
  • the exceptions are juveniles of two species, which live as parasites on the salps on which adults of their species feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three bat species feed solely on blood: the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi). (wikipedia.org)
  • intake
  • The two agricultural engineers investigated existing RFID-based systems to monitor feed intake. (rfidjournal.com)
  • The quantitative aspect of feeding has been studied extensively, because weight is primarily determined by the balance between caloric intake and expenditure. (mdpi.com)
  • Animals
  • In these lesioned animals, the food stimulus appears to elicit a bite command, though the biting behavior itself does not occur. (jneurosci.org)
  • It is intended to capture the unique tag ID number of each animal that puts its head into a feed bunk or trough, and to do so without altering or restricting the way in which the animals feed. (rfidjournal.com)
  • The system can accommodate 128 animals, and the antennas were designed to read tags within the feed bunk at a maximum of 30 inches. (rfidjournal.com)
  • 0.001 versus well-fed animals, unless otherwise indicated. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, the lack of kinematic change through ontogeny indicates that feeding kinematics do not scale with body size, contrary to predictions that movements should be slower in larger animals. (biologists.org)
  • control
  • To promote better understanding of weight control, research efforts must focus more on the mechanisms that control the quality and quantity of feeding behavior. (mdpi.com)
  • weight loss
  • However, two aspects of feeding quality relevant to weight loss and weight regain are discussed in this review: macronutrient-based diet selection (what) and feeding pattern (when). (mdpi.com)
  • data
  • This article highlights data on the changes that occur when glucocorticoids are removed by adrenalectomy, and the effects of central and systemic administered glucocorticoids on feeding behavior in rats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Animal
  • The appetitive phase of feeding behavior in Aplysia consists of a behavioral sequence in which the quiescent animal starts to locomote and then assumes a characteristic feeding posture. (jneurosci.org)
  • Two agricultural engineers working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed an animal feeding behavior-monitoring system that employs radio frequency identification readers, antennas and multiplexers to gauge the health of livestock. (rfidjournal.com)
  • lack
  • The relatively limited and fragmented knowledge on these topics indicates that we lack an integrated understanding of the qualitative aspects of feeding behavior. (mdpi.com)
  • method
  • A method of inducing feeding behavior and accelerating the feeding activity of fish contained within an impoundment of known volume in order to increase the number of fish taken from such an impoundment by baited hook and line within a given period of time. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • body
  • The Asian openbill feeds mainly on large molluscs, especially Pila species, and they separate the shell from the body of the snail using the tip of the beak. (wikipedia.org)
  • necessary
  • Within 4 million years of diverging from other Phyllostomids, vampire bats had evolved all necessary adaptations for blood-feeding, making it one of the fastest examples of natural selection among mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • That suggests that sanguivorous habits (feeding on blood) evolved only once, and the three species share a common ancestor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three species of vampire bats are the only mammals that have evolved to feed exclusively on blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the hairy-legged vampire bat feeds on bird blood and it is the ancestral vampire bat, it is likely that all vampire bats initially fed on bird blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • The peptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), isolated from the salmon pituitary in 1983 as an antagonist of alpha-MSH-induced skin darkening [ 8 ], was recognized for its role in feeding in 1996 [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Role of adrenergic alpha-2-receptors on feeding behavior in layer-type chicks. (biomedsearch.com)