• less than 0.001
  • 18 carbon atoms, 2 double bonds, 6 carbon atoms beyond last double bond) was normal and 18:3 omega 6 was increased, but all subsequent omega 6 acids were subnormal (P less than 0.001), indicating impairment of chain elongation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Substance
  • This substance inhibits the action of the enzyme uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA) glucuronyl transferase responsible for conjugation and subsequent excretion of bilirubin. (wikipedia.org)
  • phospholipid
  • Through the interaction with the phospholipid fatty-acid chains, cholesterol increases membrane packing, which both alters membrane fluidity and maintains membrane integrity so that animal cells do not need to build cell walls (like plants and most bacteria). (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis
  • Loss of polyunsaturated fatty acids and replacement by nonessential acids lowered mean chain length and raised mean melting point significantly, suggesting that lowered membrane fluidity was only partially compensated by endogenous synthesis of lower-melting, nonessential acids. (biomedsearch.com)
  • esters
  • Some plants such as sugar beet, potatoes and pears contain pectins with acetylated galacturonic acid in addition to methyl esters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Esterification of the hydroxyl group at carbon 3 with fatty/organic acids or carbohydrates results in plant sterol esters, i.e. oleates, ferulates and (acyl) glycosides. (wikipedia.org)
  • plasma
  • Deficiencies of polyunsaturated fatty acids and replacement by nonessential fatty acids in plasma lipids in multiple sclerosis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The liver converts unburned food metabolites into very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and secretes them into plasma where they are converted to intermediate density lipoproteins(IDL), which thereafter are converted to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles and non-esterified fatty acids, which can affect other body cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cholesterol
  • Blood lipids are mainly fatty acids[citation needed] and cholesterol[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to its importance for animal cell structure, cholesterol also serves as a precursor for the biosynthesis of steroid hormones, bile acid, and vitamin D. Cholesterol is the principal sterol synthesized by all animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • mitochondria
  • Total content of unesterified fatty acids and activity of ATPases/latent, stimulated by Mg2+, 2,4-DNP, Mg2+ and 2,4-DNP/were studied in heart and liver mitochondria of rabbits with decompensated mitral valvular disease. (msk.ru)
  • Content of the fatty acids was decreased in liver mitochondria and activity of ATPase was unaltered. (msk.ru)
  • blood
  • proBNP is subsequently cleaved between arginine-102 and serine-103 by a specific convertase (probably furin or corin) into NT-proBNP and the biologically active 32-amino acid polypeptide BNP-32, which are secreted into the blood in equimolar amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Short- and medium chain fatty acids are absorbed directly into the blood via intestine capillaries and travel through the portal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a meal, some of the fatty acids taken up by the liver is converted into very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and again secreted into the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells
  • When the cells are stimulated, pro-ANP is released and converted to the 28-amino-acid C-terminal mature ANP on the cell surface by the cardiac transmembrane serine protease corin. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • Our objective was to test the hypothesis that this reflects differences in the ability of the two depots to sequester fatty acids, with gluteo-femoral fat acting as a longer-term "sink. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The differences in geometry between the various types of unsaturated fatty acids, as well as between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, play an important role in biological processes, and in the construction of biological structures (such as cell membranes). (wikipedia.org)
  • chain
  • K. lactis produced only short or medium-chain FFAs during its growth and had a minor influence on caproic, caprylic, capric, and lauric acids in comparison with G. candidum, the most lipolytic of the strains used here. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rigidity of the double bond freezes its conformation and, in the case of the cis isomer, causes the chain to bend and restricts the conformational freedom of the fatty acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, they do not cause the chain to bend much, and their shape is similar to straight saturated fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • The human body has a limited ability to convert ALA into the longer-chain omega-3 fatty acids - eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which can also be obtained from fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • In conclusion, the present studies have demonstrated a dissociation between fatty-acid-stimulated gluconeogenesis and changes in Fru-2,6-P2 in cultured rat hepatocytes. (biochemj.org)