• lipids
  • Serum lipids were sampled prior to alcohol ingestion. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion We observed no significant differences in peak FAEE levels associated with feeding status after acute ingestion of alcohol.Normalization for certain serum lipids can slightly improve correlation of FAEE and BAL. (bmj.com)
  • Samples derived from each preparation technique were subsequently analysed to quantify lipids and their constituent classes and fatty acids in four common, scleractinian coral species representing three distinct morphotypes ( Acropora millepora , Montipora crassotuberculata , Porites cylindrica , and Pocillopora damicornis ). (peerj.com)
  • Simple lipids: esters of fatty acids with various alcohols. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oil" normally refers to a lipid with short or unsaturated fatty acid chains that is liquid at room temperature, while "fat" (in the strict sense) may specifically refer to lipids that are solids at room temperature - however, "fat" (in the broad sense) may be used in food science as a synonym for lipid. (wikipedia.org)
  • In wet-type cerumen, these lipids include cholesterol, squalene, and many long-chain fatty acids and alcohols. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethanol
  • Effect of ethanol and thermally oxidized sunflower oil ingestion on phospholipid fatty acid composition of rat liver: protective role of Cuminum cyminum L. (deepdyve.com)
  • Introduction Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEEs) are non-oxidative metabolites of ethanol present in serum for at least 24 hours after ethanol ingestion. (bmj.com)
  • Triethylorthoformate (HC(OC2H5)3) is derived, in terms of its name (but not its synthesis) from orthoformic acid (HC(OH)3) and ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major applications of drug testing include detection of the presence of performance enhancing steroids in sport, employers and parole/probation officers screening for drugs prohibited by law (such as cannabis, cocaine, methamphetamine, and heroin) and police officers testing for the presence and concentration of alcohol (ethanol) in the blood commonly referred to as BAC (blood alcohol content). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty acid ethyl esters are biomarkers for the consumption of ethanol (alcoholic beverages). (wikipedia.org)
  • IUPAC
  • C3H5 CO2H, IUPAC organization name (E)-but-2-enoic acid, trans -but-2-enoic acid, numerical representation 4: 1, n-1, molecular weight 86.09, melting point 72-74 °C, boiling point 180-181 °C, specific gravity 1.027. (wikipedia.org)
  • C13H25CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-tetradec-9-enoic acid, numerical representation 14:1, n-5, molecular weight 226.36, melting point of -4.5 -4 °C. CAS Registry Number 544-64-9. (wikipedia.org)
  • C15H29CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-hexadec-9-enoic acid, n-7, numerical representation of 16: 1, molecular weight 254.41, melting point 5 °C, specific gravity 0.894. (wikipedia.org)
  • C17H33CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-octadec-9-enoic acid, numerical representation 18:1 (9), n-9, molecular weight 282.46, melting point 13.4 °C, specific gravity 0.891. (wikipedia.org)
  • C17H33CO2H, IUPAC organization name (E)-octadec-9-enoic acid, numerical representation 18:1 (9), n-9, molecular weight 282.46, melting point 43-45 °C. CAS Registry Number 112-79-8. (wikipedia.org)
  • C19H37CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-icos-9-enoic acid, numerical representation 20:1 (9), n-11, molecular weight 310.51. (wikipedia.org)
  • C21H41CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-docos-13-enoic acid, numerical representation 22:1, n-9, molecular weight 338.57, melting point 33-35 °C. CAS Registry Number 112-86-7. (wikipedia.org)
  • C23H45CO2H, IUPAC organization name (Z)-tetracos-15-enoic acid, numerical representation 24:1, n-9, molecular weight 366.62, melting point 42-43 °C. CAS Registry Number 506-37-6. (wikipedia.org)
  • composition
  • Effect of glycine on tissue fatty acid composition in an experimental model of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 3. Feeding alcohol significantly elevated the activities of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatases (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and altered the liver and brain fatty acid composition compared with control rats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Subsequently, glycine supplementation to alcohol-fed rats significantly lowered the activities of serum AST, ALT, ALP, GGT and normalized the liver and brain fatty acid composition compared with untreated alcohol-fed rats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 4. Thus, the present study demonstrates that oral administration of glycine confers a significant protective effect against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity by virtue of its ability to optimize the activities of serum AST, ALT, ALP and GGT, as well as the tissue fatty acid composition. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Changes in fatty acid composition, decrease in phospholipids levels, and increase in PLA, PLC were observed in the diseased group. (deepdyve.com)
  • From the results obtained, we conclude that WG effectively protects the liver against alcohol and ΔPUFA-induced changes in fatty acid composition and preserves membrane integrity. (deepdyve.com)
  • concentrations
  • Volatile fatty acids and phenols were emitted at concentrations close to their detection limit. (iastate.edu)
  • In particular, the majority of the total triacylglycerol and total fatty acid concentrations were retained in the skeleton (55-69% and 56-64%, respectively). (peerj.com)
  • Furthermore, oil from C. finmarchicus has been observed to have beneficial effects on obesity-related abnormalities in rodent models of diet-induced obesity at EPA and DHA fatty acid concentrations considerably lower than the concentrations used in similar earlier studies using other sources of EPA and DHA. (wikipedia.org)
  • reaction
  • Lampman and Aumiller used mercuric oxide and bromine to prepare 1-bromo-3-chlorocyclobutane from 3-chlorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid in a modification of the Hunsdiecker reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • compositions
  • The compositions of membrane fatty acid, total phospholipids, phospholipase A, C (PLA and PLC) were analyzed in liver to evaluate the effects of WG. (deepdyve.com)
  • typically
  • These antimicrobial properties are due principally to the presence of saturated fatty acids, lysozyme and, especially, to the slight acidity of cerumen (pH typically around 6.1 in normal individuals). (wikipedia.org)
  • FAEE
  • Purpose We assessed for differences in FAEE levels associated with fed and fasting states after acute alcohol ingestion. (bmj.com)
  • Determination of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair: A promising way for retrospective detection of alcohol abuse during pregnancy? (wikipedia.org)
  • oils
  • The physical characteristics of fatty acid esters are closer to those of fossil diesel fuels than pure vegetable oils, but properties depend on the type of vegetable oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Determination
  • In the determination, the samples are hydrolyzed with sulphuric acid using a two-step technique. (wikipedia.org)
  • In such a determination, the samples are oxidized by hydrogen peroxide and subsequently acid digested in a closed vessel using a microwave acid digestion apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liver
  • The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of WG on preserving membrane integrity in liver damage induced by alcohol and heated PUFA (ΔPUFA).The rats were divided into four groups. (deepdyve.com)
  • amounts
  • Dairy cows and fresh manure have the potential to emit considerable amounts of alcohols and CH 4 and research is needed to determine effective mitigation. (iastate.edu)
  • Monounsaturated C18 is the dominant fatty acid of most fish wax esters, with the exception of roe wax esters, which have sizeable amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fatty acids of wax esters of certain zooplankton largely reflects the fatty acids of phytoplankton, and contain high amounts of C14 and C16, as well as 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 and monounsaturated C20 and C22 are the principal fatty alcohols. (wikipedia.org)