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  • physician
  • In real world situations, to best serve the patient, the physician is obligated to identify risk factors which may lead to chronicity and attempt to address them early in treatment. (chiroaccess.com)
  • post whiplash
  • Conclusions: Age and concentration complaints were important independent predictors of long-lasting work disability, whereas no evidence emerged to indicate that the degree of manual labor (blue or white collar work) or educational level was involved in persistent work disability in post-whiplash syndrome. (docplayer.net)
  • Neck Pain
  • According to both hypotheses, patients reporting chronic whiplash are expected to have more neck pain, headache and symptoms of anxiety and depression than the general population. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The only significant factor associated with both clinically relevant improvements in disability and neck pain both at 3 and 12 months was participation in the NSE group, with odds up to 5.3 times higher than in the PPA group. (diva-portal.org)
  • Factors associated with clinically relevant improvements after exercise interventions in chronic WAD differed whether disability or neck pain was the outcome, but also differed in the short and long term. (diva-portal.org)
  • 2 Chapter 2 Abstract Study Design, Objective: Prospective cohort study This study investigates the consequences of neck pain after motor vehicle accidents in terms of disability for work and the relationship this has with symptom and work-related factors. (docplayer.net)
  • The synovial joints of the spine (e.g. zygapophysial joints/facet joints) have been identified as the primary source of the pain in approximately one third of people with chronic low back pain, and in most people with neck pain following whiplash. (wikipedia.org)
  • Motor Vehicle
  • The clinical consequences of whiplash injuries resulting from a motor vehicle accident (MVA) are poorly understood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Participants will receive a free six-week physiotherapy treatment program and may also be offered additional strategies for managing stress following a motor vehicle accident as this has been found to be an important factor in assisting in recovery. (healthcanal.com)
  • 3 Work disability after whiplash: a prospective cohort study Introduction Distorsion or strain of the neck due to sudden movement of the head, is a prevalent injury following a motor vehicle accident. (docplayer.net)
  • consequences
  • Furthermore only a limited number of studies investigated potentially underlying factors related to return to work and persistent work disability that may help explain the apparent discrepancies in the literature concerning the consequences of whiplash. (docplayer.net)
  • Brain injuries have far-reaching and varied consequences due to the nature of the brain as the main source of bodily control. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • A lot of instances of whiplash injury/ occur as the outcome of year-end to expansion, as well as it is quit or restricted by the head restraint. (back-pain-relief-guide.info)
  • Headaches and pain can also occur as a result of a brain injury either directly from the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not known what causes PCS to occur and persist, or why some people who suffer a minor traumatic brain injury later develop PCS while others do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms such as noise sensitivity, problems with concentration and memory, irritability, depression, and anxiety may be called 'late symptoms' because they generally do not occur immediately after the injury, but rather in the days or weeks after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Headache and dizziness occur immediately after the injury, but also can be long lasting. (wikipedia.org)
  • disability
  • Little is known about the development of symptoms and chronic disability after a whiplash injury. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The outcomes were recorded by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, and recovery rate. (springer.com)
  • Few studies have focused on the differences between persons who are recovered after whiplash injury and those who suffer from persistent disability. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A set of questionnaires was answered by 158 persons (75 men, 83 women) to assess disability (NDI), pain intensity (VAS), whiplash-related symptoms (Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire, RPQ), post-traumatic stress (Impact of Event Scale, IES), depression (Beck's depression inventory, BDI) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11). (beds.ac.uk)
  • These findings indicate that classifying these subjects into subgroups based on disability levels makes it possible to optimize the management and treatment after whiplash injury. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Sterling et al [ 12 ] investigated post-traumatic stress in relation to disability on the NDI during the first six months after whiplash injury. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Secondary analyses were made, regarding factors associated with clinically relevant improvements in disability, pain and regarding cost-effectiveness. (diva-portal.org)
  • Physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise resulted in better outcomes than prescription of physical activity regarding disability, functioning, and pain. (diva-portal.org)
  • Summary of Background Data: Previous studies on work disability related to whiplash are very heterogeneous, are often limited in sample size and show a wide variability in terms of results. (docplayer.net)
  • Methods: Individuals with neck complaints after involvement in traffic accidents, who initiated compensation claim procedures with a Dutch insurance company (n=879), were sent questionnaires (Q1) concerning the accident, the injuries that they had sustained, their complaints at that time and questions regarding work and disability. (docplayer.net)
  • 2 However, whiplash can also lead to long-term sick leave and the granting of disability pensions, the increased socio-economic significance of which is only barely known. (docplayer.net)
  • 5 Furthermore, work disability could also be an important factor contributing to the persistence of complaints. (docplayer.net)
  • Yet, work disability and related factors after whiplash have received only scant attention in previous research. (docplayer.net)
  • Some studies report full or nearly full return-to-work numbers, or limited time of work suggesting that work disability after whiplash is only a minor problem. (docplayer.net)
  • 1,6-11 On the other hand, other studies showed prolonged disability to be a major problem following whiplash It is clear that, although some studies describe no or a limited duration of work disability following whiplash, it is evident that large discrepancies exist, most probably due to dissimilarities in studied populations and different definitions of (return to) work and work disability. (docplayer.net)
  • people
  • The project aims to significantly improve health outcomes for injured people through a new treatment approach. (healthcanal.com)
  • We are really excited by the possibilities of this research and we are calling on all people with a recent whiplash injury across the greater Brisbane area to contact us," Professor Sterling said. (healthcanal.com)
  • Research shows that the source of the pain in a majority (60%) of whiplash people is the zygapophysial (facet) joints (specifically C2/3 as well as C5/6 degrees), as opposed to the muscle mass. 4 Around 40% of depends on the grade classification. (back-pain-relief-guide.info)
  • Antidepressants must be used with caution in brain injury people due to the potential for undesired effects because of the already altered brain chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, 430,000 people made an insurance claim for whiplash in 2007, accounting for 14% of every driver's premium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another possible cause of chronic back pain in people with otherwise normal scans is central sensitization, where an initial injury or infection causes a longer-lasting state of heightened sensitivity to pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • While most people have headaches of the same type they experienced before the injury, people diagnosed with PCS often report more frequent or longer-lasting headaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 30% and 90% of people treated for PCS report having more frequent headaches and between 8% and 32% still report them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dizziness is another common symptom reported in about half of people diagnosed with PCS and is still present in up to a quarter of them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Older people are at especially high risk for dizziness, which can contribute to subsequent injuries and higher rates of mortality due to falls. (wikipedia.org)
  • concussion
  • Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or a year or more after a concussion - a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI). (wikipedia.org)
  • The rates of PCS vary, but most studies report that about 15% of individuals with a history of a single concussion develop persistent symptoms associated with the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] A diagnosis may be made when symptoms resulting from concussion last for more than three months after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • This was clearly demonstrated by a recent review of the literature that found "persuasive evidence that the clinical outcome at two years can be predicted at three months" (2). (chiroaccess.com)
  • However there are clinical tests that are often used to evaluate AWI or may be used to quantify the degree of injury. (chiroaccess.com)
  • neurological
  • Multiple logistic regression analysis identified disc herniation and neurological symptoms as correlative factors of asymmetrical Modic changes, and the adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) were 2.079 (1.348-3.208) and 0.231 (0.143-0.373) respectively. (springer.com)
  • Neurological and ligamentous injury resulting in laxity can result in negative outcomes if not recognized early in the intervention process. (chiroaccess.com)
  • Keep in mind that everyone heals first injury, neurological deficit, arm discomfort, migraines, and also acute medical facility admission. (back-pain-relief-guide.info)
  • A post-traumatic brain injury is the alteration of the neurological function by the traumatic event. (wikipedia.org)
  • or due to neurological conditions stemming from the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence
  • The current study aimed to discuss the prevalence and surgical outcomes of the asymmetrical Modic changes and identify its correlative factors by multivariate logistic regression analysis. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to discuss the prevalence of the asymmetrical MCs and identify its correlative factors by multivariate logistic regression analysis. (springer.com)
  • Increased prevalence of somatic symptoms beyond those directly related to a whiplash neck injury is less investigated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • psychosocial factors
  • A few studies suggest that psychosocial factors such as on-the-job stress and dysfunctional family relationships may correlate more closely with back pain than structural abnormalities revealed in X-rays and other medical imaging scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therapy
  • The "missing link" of whiplash may be towards or inside the shoulder and this would explain why neck therapy alone frequently does not give lasting relief. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis
  • Researcher Dr. Brian Gastman writes, "We saw significantly worse prognoses and outcomes for those surgically treated after 30 days of stage I melanoma diagnosis . (typepad.com)
  • The researchers hope their finding will help accelerate the diagnosis process for bone and joint infections, which may improve treatment outcomes. (typepad.com)
  • mechanism
  • Following the original specific injury mechanism during a classic rear-end collision, accompanied by acceleration-deceleration and the whip-like movement of the head, this became known as whiplash. (docplayer.net)
  • Nowadays, a specific injury mechanism is no longer considered a prerequisite, and any case with strain of the neck after an accident of any kind can be labeled as whiplash. (docplayer.net)
  • The exact injury mechanism that causes whiplash injuries is unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1000-case, four-year observational study published in 2012 said that the "missing link" in whiplash injuries is the trapezius muscle which may be damaged through eccentric muscle contraction during the whiplash mechanism described above and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • The treatment for emergency traumatic brain injuries focuses on assuring the person has enough oxygen from the brain blood supply, and on maintaining normal blood pressure to avoid further injuries of the head or neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes providing therapeutic treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain
  • In most cases of herniated disks and stenosis, rest, injections or surgery have similar general pain resolution outcomes on average after one year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterior ligaments of the intervertebral disc are extremely sensitive, and even the slightest injury can cause significant pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary symptom of post-traumatic syringomyelia (often referred to using the abbreviation of PTS) is pain, which may spread upward from the site of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic brain
  • A traumatic brain injury is an alteration of a structural, physiological, or chemical transmitter pathway as well as other brain pathology, and is caused by an external force. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the first week after a traumatic brain injury, a person may have a risk of seizures, which anti-seizure drugs help prevent. (wikipedia.org)
  • significantly
  • A few (6%) had fractures, however, their average sick-leave time was not significantly longer than the sick leave of those with only soft tissue injuries. (omicsonline.org)
  • fatigue
  • Whilst working with elite amateur and professional athletes in the late 1980's/early 1990's I noticed that they seemed to be particularly prone to musculoskeletal injuries such as stress fractures, opportunistic infections, and a multitude of symptoms , which could eventually lead to loss of performance and even chronic fatigue syndrome. (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • Sports Injuries
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • coup-contrecoup in
  • A coup-contrecoup injury occurs when the force impacting the head is not only strong enough to cause a contusion at the site of impact, but also able to move the brain and cause it to displace rapidly into the opposite side of the skull, causing an additional contusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • The greatest concern when the physician is confronted with a whiplash injured patient is to rule out serious injury. (chiroaccess.com)
  • The first concern to the physician is to determine the extent of injury so as to avoid interventions that may be harmful to the patient. (chiroaccess.com)
  • collisions
  • The influence of head restraint and occupant factors on peak head/neck kinematics in low-speed rear-end collisions. (chiroaccess.com)
  • Before the invention of the car, whiplash injuries were called "railway spine" as they were noted mostly in connection with train collisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The number of whiplash injuries has since risen sharply due to rear-end motor vehicle collisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volunteer studies of experimental, low-velocity rear-end collisions have shown a percentage of subjects to report short-lived symptoms", From this type of research it has been inferred that whiplash symptoms might not always have any pathological (injury) explanation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, auto collisions are the leading cause of injury-related deaths, an estimated total of 1.2 million in 2004, or 25% of the total from all causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • In real world situations, to best serve the patient, the physician is obligated to identify risk factors which may lead to chronicity and attempt to address them early in treatment. (chiroaccess.com)
  • coup-contrecoup in
  • A coup-contrecoup injury occurs when the force impacting the head is not only strong enough to cause a contusion at the site of impact, but also able to move the brain and cause it to displace rapidly into the opposite side of the skull, causing an additional contusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • What we have failed to consider in the past when dealing with chronic or recurrent tendon issues are motor control problems encompassing corticospinal control of excitation and inhibition as well as belief systems about pain and contextual factors related to imaging. (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • Injury to anybody of these areas may result in right back pain. (ptmmundubat.org)
  • According to a recent study titled Practitioner Self-confidence and Patient Outcomes in Acute Low Back Pain, chiropractors had significantly stronger self-confidence scores than physicians when it came to treating back pain. (bozemanautoaccident.com)
  • The primary symptom of post-traumatic syringomyelia (often referred to using the abbreviation of PTS) is pain, which may spread upward from the site of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most cases of herniated disks and stenosis, rest, injections or surgery have similar general pain resolution outcomes on average after one year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another possible cause of chronic back pain in people with otherwise normal scans is central sensitization, where an initial injury or infection causes a longer-lasting state of heightened sensitivity to pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • This persistent state maintains pain even after the initial injury has healed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poor posture and weight gain in pregnancy are also risk factors for back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • A few studies suggest that psychosocial factors such as on-the-job stress and dysfunctional family relationships may correlate more closely with back pain than structural abnormalities revealed in X-rays and other medical imaging scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Headaches and pain can also occur as a result of a brain injury either directly from the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • This may also explain why a lot of people seem to have "all their injuries on the same side" (of the body). (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • 1 ] This figure reflects the sharp increase in mTBIs incidence from 521.0 reported injuries per 100,000 people to 823.7 per 100,00 from 2001 to 2010. (chiro.org)
  • Between 30% and 90% of people treated for PCS report having more frequent headaches and between 8% and 32% still report them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antidepressants must be used with caution in brain injury people due to the potential for undesired effects because of the already altered brain chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, 430,000 people made an insurance claim for whiplash in 2007, accounting for 14% of every driver's premium. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • Secondary headaches are caused by an underlying disease, like an infection, head injury, vascular disorders, brain bleed or tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • A brain injury is an injury to the brain of a living organism, and can be categorized by many properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • A penetrating injury occurs when a sharp object enters the brain, causing a large damage area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diffuse axonal injury is caused by shearing forces on the brain leading to lesions in the white matter tracts of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-traumatic brain injuries are those caused 'from the inside' as opposed to the external factors seen in traumatic brain injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • An anoxic brain injury occurs when the human brain receives no oxygen via the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypoxic brain injury happens when the brain receives insufficient oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hypoxic brain injury, also called stagnant hypoxia, is caused by a reduction in blood flow or low blood pressure leading to a lack of blood flow to the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment for emergency traumatic brain injuries focuses on assuring the person has enough oxygen from the brain blood supply, and on maintaining normal blood pressure to avoid further injuries of the head or neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain injuries have far-reaching and varied consequences due to the nature of the brain as the main source of bodily control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain injury can also affect muscle control and coordination ranging from difficulty writing to being unable to perform basic bodily functions such as swallowing or coughing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a severe cervical acceleration-deceleration syndrome, a brain injury known as a coup-contra-coup injury occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A coup-contra-coup injury occurs as the brain is accelerated into the cranium as the head and neck hyperextend, and is then accelerated into the other side as the head and neck rebound to hyper-flexion or neutral position. (wikipedia.org)
  • athletic
  • 3 ] Currently, there is a large focus on a young, athletic population with injuries from contact sports, although the majority of mTBIs occur after traumatic falls and motor vehicle crashes. (chiro.org)
  • Mouthguards should be introduced to children, as they are more willing to comply with usage and can develop positive attitudes about wearing them in order to reduce the number of orofacial injuries sustained during their athletic endeavors. (kentuckianahealthwellness.com)
  • generally
  • Symptoms such as noise sensitivity, problems with concentration and memory, irritability, depression, and anxiety may be called 'late symptoms' because they generally do not occur immediately after the injury, but rather in the days or weeks after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chapter
  • The introductory chapter reviews current knowledge on the nonfatal outcomes of childhood injuries and points to the gaps in knowledge that led to the objectives of this thesis. (docplayer.net)
  • In Chapter 6 this instrument was also used in a study on the accident details and consequences of bicyclespoke injuries. (docplayer.net)
  • consequences
  • 1 Summary Pediatric traffic injuries: consequences for the child and the parents Injuries constitute an important health problem among children and adolescents, not only because they can be life threatening, but because they are a major cause of disability in the survivors as well. (docplayer.net)
  • Syndrome
  • Ernest Syndrome as a Consequence of Stylomandibular Injury: A Report of 68 Patients. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • The alleged shaken baby syndrome can result in a whiplash injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whiplash due to The Referred Shoulder Impingement Syndrome was successfully treated using conventional treatments for shoulder impingement including anti inflammatory steroids and non steroids, and by avoiding the overhead position of shoulder impingement during the day and night time. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • While evaluating the patients health disorder, the cause as well as all contributing factors which lead to the development of the condition will be sought. (bozemanautoaccident.com)
  • Compared with nonhospitalized patients, the group of hospitalized patients was more severely injured, had sustained more injuries of the head/neck, spine, thorax and abdomen and was composed of more males and traffic victims. (docplayer.net)
  • Nonhospitalized patients incurred proportionally more upper and lower extremity injuries. (docplayer.net)
  • result
  • Deaths and injuries from these roadway crashes result in increased costs to employers and lost productivity in addition to their toll in human suffering. (wikipedia.org)
  • A whiplash injury may be the result of impulsive retracting of the spine, mainly the ligament: anterior longitudinal ligament which is stretched or tears, as the head snaps forward and then back again causing a whiplash injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • influence
  • Genetic factors are known to strongly influence conduct problems, explaining between 50-80 per cent of the differences between children who develop problems and those who do not. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The researchers also measured the influence of environmental factors previously linked to early onset of conduct problems, including maternal diet, smoking, alcohol use and exposure to stressful life events. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The Orthopedic Influence of the TMJ Apparatus in Whiplash: Report of a Case. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • severe
  • The ISS, the body region of most severe injury, and the injury cause (traffic accidents) turned out to be significant predictors of hospitalization. (docplayer.net)
  • accidents
  • With respect to traffic-related injuries, pre-school children in particular incurred bicyclespoke injuries, and many of the children over the age of four were injured in bicycle accidents, often single-bicycle accidents. (docplayer.net)
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • primary
  • However, the primary vector of traffic-related deaths and injuries is the disproportionate mass and velocity of an automobile compared to that of the predominant victim, the pedestrian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • However, little is known about how genetic factors interact with environmental influences - especially during foetal development - to increase the risk for later conduct problems. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • It may be questioned whether the children at highest risk of hospitalization are also at high risk of sustaining injury-related disabilities. (docplayer.net)
  • last
  • But when it comes to selecting the most appropriate approach, this will depend greatly on the perfect amount in your event, the outcome you want to achieve, and the length of time you want its outcomes to last. (ptmmundubat.org)
  • However, over the last decade, academic surgeons in the UK and US have sought to unravel the whiplash enigma. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • I hope you have enjoyed our blog posts on various health, nutritional and injury related topics. (chiropracticscientist.com)
  • Specifically, the thesis aims to provide insight into the outcomes of pediatric traffic victims in terms of their short-term and long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and their own and their parents post-traumatic stress reactions. (docplayer.net)
  • frequently
  • TOS can be attributed to one or more of the following factors: Congenital abnormalities are frequently found in persons with TOS. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of the most frequently claimed injuries on vehicle insurance policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "missing link" of whiplash may be towards or inside the shoulder and this would explain why neck therapy alone frequently does not give lasting relief. (wikipedia.org)
  • workers
  • In the workplace, 45% of all fatal injuries to workers under age 18 between 1992 and 2000 in the United States resulted from transportation incidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multicausality, Non-Traditional Injury, and the Future of Workers' Compensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commissioned paper for the Royal Commission on Workers Compensation of British Columbia) IN: Sullivan TJ (Ed.) Injury and the New World of Work. (wikipedia.org)