• Causes
  • Causes or factors of female infertility can basically be classified regarding whether they are acquired or genetic, or strictly by location. (wikipedia.org)
  • It causes inflammation in the urethra (urethritis) both in men and women, which is associated with mucopurulent discharge in the urinary tract, and burning while urinating. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pre-testicular factors refer to conditions that impede adequate support of the testes and include situations of poor hormonal support and poor general health including: Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to various causes Obesity increases the risk of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychological causes of impotency may include: Clinical depression Medications Fatigue Stress Relationship issues social interaction All of the listed issues above can arise as a result of psychological effects of infertility in men. (wikipedia.org)
  • The diagnosis of infertility causes many males to question their masculinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obstetrics
  • A longitudinal study published in February 2006, in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, showed a link between psychosocial stress and bacterial vaginosis persisted even when other risk factors were taken into account. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proceedings of the 13th world congress on controversies in obstetrics, gynaecology and Infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • Other evidence suggests that the risk of infertility may be higher in women who frequently switch from working day shifts to night shifts. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Infertility risk is also strongly associated with infection with M. genitalium, although evidence suggests it is not associated with male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research suggests that men and women differ in their psychological responses to infertility Samaira Malik, from the Institute of Work, Health, and Organizations at the University of Nottingham, UK, said, "men are in fact equally affected by the unfulfilled desire for a child but are less open about their feelings. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth defects
  • Alcohol intake greatly increases the risk of birth defects for women and, if in high enough levels in the mother's blood, may cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (fertilitycrete.gr)
  • couple's
  • many of these same factors may limit a couple's ability to conceive. (fertilitycrete.gr)
  • Laura A. Peronace, from the School of Psychology at Cardiff University, said, "Male factor infertility is proposed to have such a social stigma that it produces stress, and a culture of secrecy and protectiveness to the extent that women sometimes even take the blame for the couple's childlessness. (wikipedia.org)
  • mutations
  • Mutations to CDK7 prevent interaction with the basal transcription factor, TFIIH, and formation of CDK-activating kinase complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Male
  • Their breeding groups consist of one silverback male, three adult females and their offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • 20-30% of infertility cases are due to male infertility, 20-35% are due to female infertility, and 25-40% are due to combined problems in both parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • BV microbiota has been found in the penis, coronal sulcus, and male urethra, in the male partners of infected females. (wikipedia.org)
  • BV may be transmitted via the perineal enteric bacteria from the microbiota of the female and male genitalia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advances in ART, however, have created new possibilities for men with male factor infertility, including those whose sperm counts have been decreased by cancer treatment and other diseases, and men with incurable, sexually transmissible virus diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Age (see also: Paternal age effect) Genetic defects on the Y chromosome Y chromosome microdeletions Abnormal set of chromosomes Klinefelter syndrome Centriole Neoplasm, e.g. seminoma Idiopathic failure Cryptorchidism Trauma Hydrocele Mumps Malaria Testicular cancer Defects in USP26 in some cases Acrosomal defects affecting egg penetration Idiopathic oligospermia - unexplained sperm deficiencies account for 30% of male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common inherited variants in genes that encode enzymes employed in DNA mismatch repair are associated with increased risk of sperm DNA damage and male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings suggest that DNA damage is an important factor in male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Rheta Keylor of the Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis stated that, male infertility is an "assault on a man's sense of self revives feelings of competition, castration, and experiences of developmental trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stigma of male factor infertility described earlier has huge effects on the man. (wikipedia.org)
  • Men who acknowledge infertility, articulate the sources of their anxiety, express their loss of confidence in sexual adequacy, deal openly with their wives' disappointment and anger, and consciously redefine their male and marital roles show improved sperm counts and may even be more successful at impregnating their wives. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxins
  • In broad sense, acquired factors practically include any factor that is not based on a genetic mutation, including any intrauterine exposure to toxins during fetal development, which may present as infertility many years later as an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • menstrual
  • A woman is born with all of the eggs she will have over a lifetime, and each month during a menstrual cycle she releases one of those eggs. (ivfplano.com)
  • The most common cause of female infertility is ovulatory problems which generally manifest themselves by sparse or absent menstrual periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Updated NICE guidelines do not include a specific definition, but recommend that "A woman of reproductive age who has not conceived after 1 year of unprotected vaginal sexual intercourse, in the absence of any known cause of infertility, should be offered further clinical assessment and investigation along with her partner, with earlier referral to a specialist if the woman is over 36 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testicular factors refer to conditions where the testes produce sperm of low quantity and/or poor quality despite adequate hormonal support and include: Varicocele, is a condition of swollen testicle veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is likely that an effective evaluation for infertility would best include assessment for underlying celiac disease, both in men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potential methods in unexplained infertility include oral ovarian stimulation agents (such as clomifene citrate, anastrozole or letrozole) as well as intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracervical insemination (ICI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). (wikipedia.org)
  • clinic
  • Between November 2007 and May 2009 a research infertility clinic was set up at the Kigali University Teaching Hospital in Rwanda. (msh.org)
  • Treatment
  • In women who have not had previous treatment, ovarian stimulation combined with IUI achieves approximately the same live birth rate as IVF. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, in women who have had previous unsuccessful treatment, IVF achieves a live birth rate approximately 2-3 times greater than ovarian stimulation combined with IUI. (wikipedia.org)