• symmetry
  • The patients who have so far undergone the procedure have had results deemed good to excellent, with facial symmetry and speech improved with immediate effect. (wikia.com)
  • "This particular technique improves facial symmetry and can grant the return of a smile ," said the lead surgeon, Dr Howard Dean. (wikia.com)
  • So, the results from the study showed that "women with between 3.5 and 5 years of complete facial paralysis achieve an acceptable mobility and symmetry of the mouth in repose and when smiling. (redorbit.com)
  • surgical treatment
  • The surgical treatment of facial paralysis involved the specialists from the University of Navarra Hospital making muscular transplants connected to the cruciate facial nerve (the healthy facial nerve, corresponding to the unaffected side of the face) or to the masseteric nerve, controlling the masseter muscle, responsible for mastication, given that the movement of closing the mouth is similar to that of the smile. (redorbit.com)
  • reconstruction
  • According to the conclusions of the study, "the results obtained highlight the relevance that patient gender has when planning strategy for reconstruction in facial paralysis", stresses Doctor Bernardo Hontanilla, Director of the Department. (redorbit.com)
  • The differences between genders observed in this study have thus shown that a woman who has undergone reconstruction in order to treat facial paralysis is capable of smiling if she makes the gesture of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • procedure
  • Risks of the procedures include mastoiditis, otitis media (acute or with effusion), shifting of the implanted device requiring a second procedure, damage to the facial nerve, damage to the chorda tympani, and wound infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • an electrode array embedded in the cochlea The surgical procedure most often used to implant the device is called mastoidectomy with facial recess approach (MFRA). (wikipedia.org)
  • canal
  • Reactivation of latent virus within the dorsal root ganglion of the facial nerve is associated with vesicles affecting the ear canal, and termed Ramsay Hunt syndrome type II. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation from the middle ear can spread to the canalis facialis of the temporal bone - through this canal travels the facial nerve together with the steatoacoustisus nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus, the specialist explained that facial paralysis reconstructions always have a limited amount of time to carry out effective direct neurotisations (connections of the muscle to nerves other that those injured). (redorbit.com)
  • movement
  • The research was undertaken using an own design system, known as Facial Clima, involving capturing movement with infra-red rays. (redorbit.com)
  • According to Doctor Hontanilla, when the facial transplant was undertaken with the masseteric nerve, "in the case of women it was observed that they managed to dissociate the smile movement from that of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • But the differences between the two sexes after the surgical repair of facial paralysis not only affects the dissociation of movement, but also the ability of woman to achieve smiling spontaneously or in an involuntary manner. (redorbit.com)
  • often
  • Often, the parasympathetic portion of the facial nerve is also affected, and tear and saliva production on the side of the lesion is reduced or absent. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • plastic
  • He has written 5 medical textbooks, lectured around the world and been featured in national media outlets including The Oprah Winfrey Show, The New York Times and Discovery Health for his extensive knowledge in facial plastic surgery. (prweb.com)