• symmetry
  • The patients who have so far undergone the procedure have had results deemed good to excellent, with facial symmetry and speech improved with immediate effect. (wikia.com)
  • "This particular technique improves facial symmetry and can grant the return of a smile ," said the lead surgeon, Dr Howard Dean. (wikia.com)
  • So, the results from the study showed that "women with between 3.5 and 5 years of complete facial paralysis achieve an acceptable mobility and symmetry of the mouth in repose and when smiling. (redorbit.com)
  • botulinum toxin
  • In addition, botulinum toxin injection can be used to reduce facial hypertrophy. (springermedizin.de)
  • The aim of study was to evaluate the effectiveness of thread lifting with botulinum toxin injection for chronic facial paralysis. (springermedizin.de)
  • The application of subdermal suspension with a reabsorbable thread in conjunction with botulinum toxin A to optimize facial rejuvenation of the contralateral side constitutes an effective and safe procedure for face lifting and rejuvenation of a drooping face as a result of long-lasting facial paralysis. (springermedizin.de)
  • Choi KH, Rho SH, Lee JM, Jeon JH, Park SY, Kim J (2013) Botulinum toxin injection of both sides of the face to treat post-paralytic facial synkinesis. (springermedizin.de)
  • In cosmetic applications, botulinum toxin is considered safe and effective for reduction of facial wrinkles, especially in the uppermost third of the face. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical treatment
  • The surgical treatment of facial paralysis involved the specialists from the University of Navarra Hospital making muscular transplants connected to the cruciate facial nerve (the healthy facial nerve, corresponding to the unaffected side of the face) or to the masseteric nerve, controlling the masseter muscle, responsible for mastication, given that the movement of closing the mouth is similar to that of the smile. (redorbit.com)
  • procedure
  • Risks of the procedures include mastoiditis, otitis media (acute or with effusion), shifting of the implanted device requiring a second procedure, damage to the facial nerve, damage to the chorda tympani, and wound infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • an electrode array embedded in the cochlea The surgical procedure most often used to implant the device is called mastoidectomy with facial recess approach (MFRA). (wikipedia.org)
  • reconstruction
  • According to the conclusions of the study, "the results obtained highlight the relevance that patient gender has when planning strategy for reconstruction in facial paralysis", stresses Doctor Bernardo Hontanilla, Director of the Department. (redorbit.com)
  • The differences between genders observed in this study have thus shown that a woman who has undergone reconstruction in order to treat facial paralysis is capable of smiling if she makes the gesture of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • distal
  • Because the facial nerve provides sensory innervation to the distal tongue, a bitter substance such as atropine will not be recognized when placed on the distal tongue. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • canal
  • Reactivation of latent virus within the dorsal root ganglion of the facial nerve is associated with vesicles affecting the ear canal, and termed Ramsay Hunt syndrome type II. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation from the middle ear can spread to the canalis facialis of the temporal bone - through this canal travels the facial nerve together with the steatoacoustisus nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus, the specialist explained that facial paralysis reconstructions always have a limited amount of time to carry out effective direct neurotisations (connections of the muscle to nerves other that those injured). (redorbit.com)
  • movement
  • The research was undertaken using an own design system, known as Facial Clima, involving capturing movement with infra-red rays. (redorbit.com)
  • According to Doctor Hontanilla, when the facial transplant was undertaken with the masseteric nerve, "in the case of women it was observed that they managed to dissociate the smile movement from that of mastication. (redorbit.com)
  • But the differences between the two sexes after the surgical repair of facial paralysis not only affects the dissociation of movement, but also the ability of woman to achieve smiling spontaneously or in an involuntary manner. (redorbit.com)