• pleura
  • A pleura is a serous membrane which folds back onto itself to form a two-layered membranous pleural sac. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pleural space is the potential space that exists between the visceral and parietal pleura in the lung. (mhmedical.com)
  • The excessive interstitial lung fluid traverses the visceral pleura and accumulates in the pleural space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Which pleura produces pleural fluid? (studystack.com)
  • Pleural or extrapleural lesions (cf parenchymal) make obtuse angles with pleura, well-defined pushing lung border, change from sharp to poorly marginated on orthogonal views, don't change position with respiration, may extend across fissures. (radnotes.co.nz)
  • Normal volume is 2-5mL, with formation depending on Starling's law (hydrostatic and oncotic forces) between parietal pleura capillaries and pleural space, normally formed by filtration from parietal capillaries and resorbed via parietal lymphatics. (radnotes.co.nz)
  • Introduction The pleural space, between the parietal pleura covering the chest wall and the visceral pleura covering the lung, contains in a healthy person a few milliliters of fluid that acts as a lubricant between the 2 surfaces. (docplayer.net)
  • clinical
  • Patients may present with hypotension and clinical signs of sepsis (rare with empyema alone). (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Most patients with empyema present with a clinical picture of cough, fever, purulent sputum, shortness of breath, and chest pain. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The clinical presentation of both the adult and pediatric patient with pleural empyema depends upon several factors, including the causative micro-organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • When accumulation of pleural fluid is noted, cytopathologic evaluation of the fluid, as well as clinical microscopy, microbiology, chemical studies, tumor markers, pH determination and other more esoteric tests are required as diagnostic tools for determining the causes of this abnormal accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • urokinase
  • Conclusion: Intrapleural urokinase is effective in treating empyema in children and significantly shortens hospital stay. (bmj.com)