• Africa
  • Morocco joins Israel and Jordan as the third nation state in North Africa/Middle East to sign a free trade agreement with the U.S. This agreement was a positive move towards President Bush's Middle East Free Trade Initiative set forth in May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the scramble for Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a time when Britain's balance of trade showed a growing deficit, with shrinking and increasingly protectionist continental markets due to the Long Depression (1873-96), Africa offered Britain, Germany, France, and other countries an open market that would garner them a trade surplus: a market that bought more from the colonial power than it sold overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western Sahara, the last colony in Africa, is still awaiting for the UN to fulfil its "mandate to organise a referendum of the Saharawis to determine the future of their land and resources", MUA considered. (awsa.org.au)
  • The first agriculture in Africa began in the heart of the Sahara Desert, which in 5200 BC was far more moist and densely populated than today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Audio help) More spoken articles The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, agriculture, and human resources of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some parts of Africa had close trade relationships with Arab kingdoms, and by the time of the Ottoman Empire, Africans had begun converting to Islam in large numbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • This development, along with the economic potential in finding a trade route to the Indian Ocean, brought the Portuguese to sub-Saharan Africa as an imperial force. (wikipedia.org)
  • The public is made to believe that addressing health, corruption, gender-based violence, poverty, trade, conflict, democratization and foreign assistance, among others, are the goals of a U.S. newly devoted to Africa and its unique challenges. (africanarguments.org)
  • by 2015, up to a quarter of its oil imports will come from Western Africa, including Ghana. (africanarguments.org)
  • Far from humanitarianism, the U.S. policy towards Africa has become increasingly concentrated on creating an environment amenable to resource exploitation, no matter the consequences on the level of poverty or democracy in African nations. (africanarguments.org)
  • Our government has been clear from the start to hold out the prospect that cargo - and ship - could sail away from South Africa after a posting of security for the Saharawi claim to ownership", explained Khadad. (awsa.org.au)
  • 2017
  • The 2017 imports are attributed to six companies in five countries internationally, while about 70 companies worldwide have been identified as owning or operating the vessels transporting the rock to its buyers. (wesatimes.com)
  • This report details a total exported volume from Western Sahara in 2017 of 1.59 million tonnes, with an estimated value of $142.74 million, shipped in 27 bulk vessels. (wesatimes.com)
  • activists for the independence of Western Sahara and Human rights defenders , but also the lawyers by their absence protest against this unfair trial whose first hearings were held on March 13th 2017 after months of postponements. (awsa.org.au)
  • PUBLIC NOTICE APRIL 2018 PUBLICATION OF THE 2016/ 2017 OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE REPORT Notice is hereby given in terms of section 129 (3) of the Local Government Municipal Finance Management Act, No. 56 of 2003 read with section 21A of the. (tswelopele.gov.za)
  • SADR
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • The SADR government also welcomed the pending resolution of the case in the context of the m.v. NM Cherry Blossom being able to return to trade. (awsa.org.au)
  • http://www.sadrpma.com/licence_offering.php , in the area controlled by the Frente POLISARIO, which leads the Government of the SADR. (awsa.org.au)
  • indigenous
  • It occurred in 1521 following extensive manipulation of local factions and exploitation of preexisting divisions by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés , who was aided by the support of his indigenous allies and his interpreter and companion La Malinche . (wikipedia.org)
  • Portuguese
  • The Portuguese established the first firm post-Middle Ages European settlements, trade posts, permanent fortifications and ports of call along the coast of the African continent, from the beginning of the Age of Discovery during the 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the following two centuries, Portugal kept most of its colonies, but gradually lost much of its wealth and status as the Dutch, English, and French took an increasing share of the spice and slave trades by surrounding or conquering the widely scattered Portuguese trading posts and territories. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1415, the Portuguese captured the city of Ceuta and continued to expand their control along the coast of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Portuguese ventures were intended to compete with the Muslim trans-Sahara caravans, which held a monopoly on West African gold and ivory. (wikipedia.org)
  • labour
  • MUA, and the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU), the statement indicated are lobbying the Australian government to convince it carry out he policies adopted on Western Sahara by the Australian Labour Party in three previous National Conference. (awsa.org.au)
  • The interaction that we started last year between government, business and labour, known as the CEO Initiative, has been most helpful. (tswelopele.gov.za)
  • slave
  • As African migrants head toward the Mediterranean, they unwittingly follow the ancient caravan routes of the trans-Saharan slave trade. (newyorker.com)
  • Now that the old slave routes are ungovernable and awash in weapons, tens of thousands of human beings who set out voluntarily find themselves trafficked, traded between owners, and forced to work as laborers or prostitutes. (newyorker.com)
  • Far more consequential for the eventual abolition of slavery in the Western Hemisphere was the Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade passed by the British parliament in 1807, and put into effect in 1808, outlawing the transatlantic slave trade. (blogspot.com)
  • The law also authorized the British navy to suppress the slave trade among all slave traffickers, making Britain, in effect, the policeman of the high seas. (blogspot.com)
  • Three years later, the British parliament made participation in the slave trade a felony. (blogspot.com)
  • Some historians have emphasized the rise of a religion and Enlightenment inspired antislavery and humanitarian impulse among Quakers, evangelical Methodists, Unitarians, and others in providing the impetus behind the British abolition of the slave trade. (blogspot.com)
  • Ironically, while the 1807 law made Britain the first nation to outlaw the transatlantic slave trade, from the mid-1600s leading British economic interests had also been one of the main motors behind, and beneficiaries of, the slave trade. (blogspot.com)
  • colonial
  • and the role of various individuals and groups-including merchants, planters, bureaucrats, and colonial, national, and imperial governments, and slaves themselves-in retarding or accelerating the process. (blogspot.com)
  • The intensity of the Italian colonial activity between 1880 and 1920 was low, due both to the limited resources that Eritrea and Somalia had to offer and the modest commitment of the liberal governments towards the development of these regions. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • ownership
  • The French government, who used to control more than 30 percent of the company's stock in 1991, reduced its stake in the firm to less than 1 percent by 1996 In the time period between 1990 and 1994, foreign ownership of the firm increased from 23 per cent to 44 per cent. (wikipedia.org)
  • desert
  • It also played a minor role in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is located in a particularly isolated area, not only because it is in the middle of the Sahara Desert but also because it is surrounded on three sides by depressions which make it dominate the passage in east-west land traffic across the desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kufra was an important trade and travelling route for various nomadic desert people. (wikipedia.org)
  • stake
  • On 21 September 2008, the two companies officially established a joint venture called SAUDI ARAMCO TOTAL Refining and Petrochemical Company (SATORP)- in which a 62.5% stake was held by Saudi Aramco and the balance 37.5% held by TOTAL. (wikipedia.org)
  • If American lives are at stake, the government is reluctant to spend them on those objectives that cannot be called "vital. (africanarguments.org)
  • initially
  • established in 1951 in Italian Somaliland as a follow up of the "Radio Mogadiscio", it initially aired news items in both Somali and Italian language). (blogspot.co.uk)
  • Initially, in fact, the Italian government was not willing to intervene directly and therefore only supported private enterprises' initiatives. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • natural resources
  • They complained that they were being treated as second-class citizens in their own country, while Morocco exploited their natural resources for its profit. (awsa.org.au)
  • Sid Ahmed Lamjayed is the president of the CSPRON The committee to support the peace settlement and to protect the natural resources in Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • petroleum
  • The overseeing authority is the Office National de Recherches et d'Exploitations Petrolieres (Office of Research and Petroleum exploitation) under the overall jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Energy, and Mines]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its businesses cover the entire oil and gas chain, from crude oil and natural gas exploration and production to power generation, transportation, refining, petroleum product marketing, and international crude oil and product trading. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980, Total Petroleum (North America) Ltd., a company controlled 50% by CFP, bought the American refining and marketing assets of Vickers Petroleum as part of a sell-off by Esmark of its energy holdings. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Archaeologists have found that evidence of trade in luxury items like metals and shells across the entirety of the continent were the main trades of the Berber people, lived in dry areas and became nomadic herders, while in the savannah grasslands, cultivated crops and thus permanent settlement were possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • As news about the strangers reached the capital city, Moctezuma became increasingly fearful and considered fleeing the city but resigned himself to what he considered to be the fate of his people. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Most of the companies are large ones such as 3M, BF Goodrich, American Express, Caterpillar, just to name a few. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agriculture supported large towns, and eventually large trade networks developed between the towns. (wikipedia.org)
  • routes
  • Africa's economy was diverse, driven by extensive trade routes that developed between cities and kingdoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some trade routes were overland, some involved navigating rivers, still others developed around port cities. (wikipedia.org)
  • concern
  • Most notably, in Morocco, there has been concern regarding the reduction in tariffs for agricultural products and the increase in intellectual property and patent standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public
  • Later in 1991, the name was changed to Total, when it became a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of the works were managed by the AASS(Azienda Autonoma Statale della Strada), a public company purposely created by the Minister of the public works. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • areas
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • justice
  • The International Court Justice declared Morocco has no claim to this territory and no country - including Australia - recognises its claim. (awsa.org.au)
  • important
  • Two important exceptions were Nubian Sudan, which was linked to Egypt by the Nile and Ethiopia, which could trade with the northern regions over the Red Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • That's extremely important because governments by themselves polit, politicians, elected officials certainly do not have the expertise that exists in these epistemic communities to guide action. (hypotheses.org)
  • effect
  • The Morocco FTA came into effect on January 1, 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect on the trade has been remarkable. (wesatimes.com)
  • city
  • In 1885, the sultan Ali bin Said leased the city to an Italian chartered company owned by Vincenzo Filonardi. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • It's impossible to count the lorries laden with octopus and fish streaming north on the main road between El Aaiun, the major city in the north of Western Sahara, and Dakhla, 500 km south. (awsa.org.au)
  • national
  • The first formal abolition of slavery in the Western Hemisphere came not from a national government but from state legislatures in New England and the Mid-Atlantic states of the not-yet-independent United States of America. (blogspot.com)
  • production
  • 10% of the production comes from Bou Craa, a mine in the Western Sahara, a territory considered by Morocco as part of the country but disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company during the 1930s was engaged in exploration and production, primarily from the Middle East. (wikipedia.org)
  • regions
  • Trains go also to Tozeur and Gabes in the south where it is easy to access the Sahara and Ksour regions respectively. (wikitravel.org)
  • total
  • That year, the company began remodeling and rebranding all of its North American gasoline and convenience stores to use the Total name. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • English: /toʊˈtæl/ or /toʊˈtɑːl/) is a French multinational integrated oil and gas company and one of the seven "Supermajor" oil companies in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company was founded after World War I, when then French Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré rejected the idea of forming a partnership with Royal Dutch Shell in favour of creating an entirely French oil company. (wikipedia.org)
  • And so, stating the goals helps all over the world, for individuals and for organizations and for governments to say, yes we've agreed, that's a good direction. (hypotheses.org)