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  • Fitness
  • Individuals with insulin resistance and low cardiorespiratory fitness are frequently found to have an increased waist circumference and high exercise blood pressure. (ahajournals.org)
  • We tested the hypothesis that the relationships among insulin resistance, low cardiorespiratory fitness, and increased exercise blood pressure may be mediated by an elevated waist circumference. (ahajournals.org)
  • Participants were classified into tertiles according to either insulin response, measured during the oral glucose tolerance test, or fitness levels and then further subdivided into 2 subgroups using sex-specific waist circumference thresholds. (ahajournals.org)
  • Individuals with a higher waist circumference have elevated exercise systolic blood pressure, regardless of their insulin sensitivity or level of cardiorespiratory fitness. (ahajournals.org)
  • among
  • BACKGROUND: The prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction among British children by ethnicity has not been studied. (bmj.com)
  • either
  • For the regular Joe, a few puffs of salbutomol (also known as albuterol, a beta2 agonist/bronchodilator), either 15 minutes before exercise to prevent symptoms or right after exercise, is a common treatment, Simon says. (goodwaysfitness.co.in)
  • Citation
  • The prototype test based on the Cumming's test was introduced in 1974, at the Wingate Institute[citation needed] and has undergone modifications as time has progressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • tolerance
  • For the purpose of this research group, endurance performance includes not only exercise tolerance and traditional endurance sports like road cycling, but any kind of performance in which resistance to fatigue is important. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • New and expanded information on the risks of sedentary behavior, clinical exercise testing and interpretation, high intensity interval training, musculoskeletal injury risk, fitness testing protocols and norms, and an expansion of the principles of health behavior change are included. (issuu.com)
  • Early data suggest that preoperative exercise training improves fitness, reduces the debilitating effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and may improve clinical outcomes. (ovid.com)
  • The aim of our work was to assess and compare, according to sex, autonomic response to exercise in a clinical series including 105 BS patients. (springer.com)
  • Multiple prospective clinical trials indicate that patients from broad groups of at risk populations who test MTWA negative will likely live ventricular event-free for 12 to 24 months after their initial MTWA test. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Negative Predictive Value of MTWA testing has been shown to be 98% accurate for follow-up periods of 12-24 months in various clinical studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic diagnosis is often unreliable as only a few of the more common gene locations are tested, but even with more extensive testing 20-37% of people with a clinical diagnosis of hypokalemic periodic paralysis have no known mutation in the two known genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • preoperative
  • This technology can therefore be used to inform collaborative decision-making and patient consent, to triage the patient to an appropriate perioperative care environment, to diagnose unexpected comorbidity, to optimize medical comorbidities preoperatively, and to direct individualized preoperative exercise programs. (ovid.com)
  • laboratory
  • This unusual search-and-rescue exercise, conducted last month, was the product of collaboration between the Coast Guard, Sandia National Laboratory, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which lent the Puma drone for the operation, ConocoPhillips, Boeing subsidiary Insitu, and Era Helicopters. (adn.com)
  • There are some laboratory tests that may aid in diagnosis of GSD-V. A muscle biopsy will note the absence of myophosphorylase in muscle fibers. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is however no such standard protocol for the determination of either anaerobic capacity or power Due to this problem, the Wingate test has instead been compared with sport performance, sport specialty, and laboratory findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sport and Exercise Science
  • The School are a research-active School of Sport and Exercise Science within a leading UK University (ranked in the top 16 of UK Universities). (wikipedia.org)
  • The department became the School of Sport and Exercise Science in 2012, having previously been known as the Centre for Sport Studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The School of Sport and Exercise Science. (wikipedia.org)
  • The University of Kent's School of Sport and Exercise Science has a research community divided into two multidisciplinary research groups: Endurance Research Group The aim of this research group is to advance knowledge on endurance exercise and performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • 0.72
  • The 6MWT was associated a lower coefficient of variation between repeated measures (3 vs. 18 vs. 13%), resulting in a higher standardized response mean compared to endurance tests (0.72, 0.25 and 0.38 for the 6MWT, the ESWT and CET, respectively).The 6MWT had the best ability to capture changes in exercise capacity when sildenafil citrate was combined to patients' baseline monotherapy, supporting its use as an outcome measure in PAH. (biomedsearch.com)
  • With an average follow up of 2.21 years the receiver operating characteristic curves gave resting ECG a score of 0.72 and exercise ECG a score of 0.74. (wikipedia.org)
  • workload
  • The last common alteration is the workload during the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • The workload can be altered, but a standard Wingate test still uses the original workload. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the start of the test, the workload drops instantly (within three seconds if using a mechanical ergometer) and the subject continues to pedal quickly for 30 seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total Duration = 21 minutes The Modified Bruce protocol starts at a lower workload than the standard test and is typically used for elderly or sedentary patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Given the emerging epidemic of physical inactivity, inclusion of the exercise test in the screening process sends a strong message to our patients, that we consider their exercise status as important," Froelicher writes. (redorbit.com)
  • This manual gives succinct summaries of recommended procedures for exercise testing and exercise prescription in healthy and diseased patients The tenth edition reflects some crucial and exciting changes, making the content necessary for effective study and practice. (issuu.com)
  • This manual is an essential resource for all exercise professionals, as well as other health professionals who may council patients on exercise including physicians, nurses, physician s assistants, physical and occupational therapists, dieticians, and health care administrators. (issuu.com)
  • In contrast, exercise testing evaluates the performance status of patients in the context of functional work. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Blood pressure monitoring evaluates for blood pressure response to exercise and may also identify decline in blood pressure in patients at risk of exertional syncope. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Stress and potential cardiac damage from exercise during the test is a problem in patients with ECG abnormalities at rest or in patients with severe motor disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most modern references to TWA refer to microvolt T wave alternans (MTWA), a non-invasive heart test that can identify patients who are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microvolt T wave alternans testing acts as a risk stratifier between patients who need implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) and those who do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who test negative for MTWA are less likely to require an ICD than those who test positive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In patients who have a negative (normal) MTWA test the risk of sudden cardiac death is very low. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who test MTWA positive or indeterminate for heart rate or dense ectopy (abnormal) should be referred to an electrophysiologist for further evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who have an indeterminate test should be retested immediately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies indicate that over 50% of patients who initially test as indeterminate, become determinate if retested during the same session. (wikipedia.org)
  • Master's Two-Step test was sometimes used, but it was too strenuous for many patients, and inadequate for the assessment of respiratory and circulatory function during varying amounts of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • perform
  • Before the subject starts the Wingate test, they typically perform a low-resistance warm-up for at least five minutes to help minimize the risk of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two methods are currently FDA-cleared to perform MTWA testing in the U.S., namely, the Spectral Method, which was developed by Cohen and Smith at M.I.T. and was commercialized by Cambridge Heart, and the Modified Moving Average (MMA) method, which was developed by Nearing and Verrier at Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and is commercialized by GE Healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • shortness of bre
  • To avoid false positive answers and early test termination, refrain from asking leading questions or describing specific symptoms (e.g., chest or leg pain, dizziness, shortness of breath). (humankinetics.com)
  • Exercise testing is useful to help evaluate the cause of shortness of breath that otherwise cannot be determined at rest. (bmihealthcare.co.uk)
  • The shortness of breath is usually worse with exercise, while lying down, and may wake the person at night. (wikipedia.org)
  • assess
  • The test administrator must continuously monitor the child by asking frequent questions to assess his or her status as the test progresses. (humankinetics.com)
  • Walking test used to assess physical fitness and or the need for oxygen during walking. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Pre/post-placebo tests were used to assess repeatability of each exercise test, whereas pre/post-sildenafil citrate tests were used to assess their responsiveness.Sildenafil citrate led to placebo-corrected changes in exercise capacity of +18(25)meters (p=0.02), +58(235)seconds (p=0.58), and +29(77)seconds (p=0.09), for the 6MWT, the ESWT and the CET, respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
  • apparently healthy
  • NEW YORK -- While apparently healthy men don't routinely undergo exercise stress testing, it may be useful for raising a red flag about impending health problems, Norwegian investigators report based on a study of middle-age men. (redorbit.com)
  • They note that exercise testing has recently been suggested not only for people with probable heart disease but also to screen apparently healthy subjects -- and the author of a related editorial thinks this is a good idea. (redorbit.com)
  • response
  • U.S. Army soldiers with Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's 1st Combined Arms Battalion, 63rd Armor Regiment, 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division inspect their equipment during a response force training exercise Nov. 8, 2013, on Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti. (dvidshub.net)
  • The exercise tested the abilities of the East Africa Response Force, which acts as the U.S. quick reaction force for crises and contingencies in the region. (dvidshub.net)
  • CAMP LEMONNIER, Djibouti - U.S. soldiers assigned to Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa tested their rapid response capability during an exercise here recently. (dvidshub.net)
  • The East Africa Response Force conducted an embassy response exercise to hone their skills of quickly reacting to a threat facing a U.S. Embassy in the region. (dvidshub.net)
  • This work, Exercise tests response force , by TSgt Chad Warren , identified by DVIDS , must comply with the restrictions shown on https://www.dvidshub.net/about/copyright . (dvidshub.net)
  • However, we observed that symptomatic males developed a more female-like autonomic modulation, probably related to a more protective autonomic response to exercise. (springer.com)
  • The stress response is induced by exercise or by drug stimulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This test measures the amplitude of a nerve response (called the Compound Muscle Action Potential or CMAP) for 40 to 50 minutes following a few minutes of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • strenuous
  • In individuals with this mutation, attacks often begin in adolescence and most commonly occur on awakening or after sleep or rest following strenuous exercise (attacks during exercise are rare), high carbohydrate meals, meals with high sodium content, sudden changes in temperature, and even excitement, noise, flashing lights and cold temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Typically, a radiotracer (Tc-99 sestamibi, Myoview or thallous chloride 201) may be injected during the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • routine
  • Dr. Victor F. Froelicher from the Palo Alto VA Medical Center in California contends that "there is now sufficient evidence for recommending a routine exercise test every 5 years" for symptomless men older than 40 and women older than 50 years of age. (redorbit.com)
  • blood
  • Exercise increases the concentration of muscle metabolites in the venous blood supply (e.g. lactate, pyruvate, and ammonia) especially during recovery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The nonischemic version of this test would involve not cutting off the blood flow to the exercising arm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Showing the relative amounts of radioisotope within the heart muscle, the nuclear stress tests more accurately identify regional areas of reduced blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • In people with chronic stable mild heart failure, treatment commonly consists of lifestyle modifications such as stopping smoking, physical exercise, and dietary changes, as well as medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • useful
  • Pictures of children performing various aspects of the exercise test are also useful in helping younger children to understand what is expected and to feel more at ease. (humankinetics.com)
  • On August 2013, the AHA included HFQRS in its scientific statement on exercise standards for testing, pointing out that it has been found to have useful test performance for detection of CAD The diagnostic value of the HFQRS has been studied since the 1960's. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • In 1950 Bruce joined the University of Washington, where he continued research on the single-stage test, particularly as a predictor of the success of surgery for valvular or congenital heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • heart
  • Exercise stress tests are usually reserved for assessing cases of suspected heart disease. (redorbit.com)
  • However, the new study shows that men who seem healthy but who terminate an exercise test only because they have trouble breathing actually have a high long-term risk of dying early from heart disease or lung disease. (redorbit.com)
  • Thus, impaired breathing as the main reason for having to stop an exercise test was an ominous finding when not part of an 'exhaustion syndrome'," Dr. Johan Bodegard and colleagues from the University of Oslo write in the European Heart Journal. (redorbit.com)
  • Examples of prognostic indicators include, among other things, ectopic beats, runs of ectopic beats, rate of decrease of heart rate during a post-exercise recovery portion of the episode, a maximum attained heart rate for comparison to a maximum age-predicted heart rate, as well as other prognostic indicators. (google.com)
  • A stress test may also use an echocardiogram (ultrasonic imaging of the heart) or a nuclear stress test (in which a radioisotope is injected into the bloodstream). (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise Standards for Testing and Training A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spectral Method requires a specialized exercise protocol and proprietary electrodes and washout of beta-adrenergic blocking agents to allow the patient to achieve a target heart rate of 105-110 beats/min. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the initial paper, Bruce reported that the test could detect signs of such conditions as angina pectoris, a previous heart attack, or a ventricular aneurysm. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • New pre-exercise health screening recommendations are critical to helping more of the population begin a safe, healthy physical activity program without consulting a physician. (issuu.com)
  • The indication for exercise testing should be reviewed in concert with history, physical, and review of prior data, to inform pretest probability. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • These indicators were then averaged in non-overlapped windows of 1 min for each patient to compare groups at each minute of the physical stress test. (springer.com)
  • The results can be interpreted as a reflection on the general physical condition of the test patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • Testing personnel can include a cardiac radiologist, a nuclear medicine physician, a nuclear medicine technologist, a cardiology technologist, a cardiologist, and/or a nurse. (wikipedia.org)
  • protocol
  • The test involves using a bike or aerobic pedal exerciser to a set protocol whilst wearing a mouthpiece or a mask. (bmihealthcare.co.uk)
  • It was this multistage test, a description of which was first published in 1963, that became known as the Bruce Protocol. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first two stages of the Modified Bruce Test are performed at a 1.7 mph and 0% grade and 1.7 mph and 5% grade, and the third stage corresponds to the first stage of the Standard Bruce Test protocol as listed above. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was known as the "father of exercise cardiology" for his research and development of the Bruce Protocol. (wikipedia.org)