• loci
  • This method studies differences in the frequencies of particular allelic traits, namely polymorphisms from proteins found within human blood (such as the ABO blood groups, Rhesus blood antigens, HLA loci, immunoglobulins, G-6-P-D isoenzymes, among others). (wikipedia.org)
  • They found that though these individuals could be classified very accurately to continental clusters, there was a significant degree of genetic overlap on the individual level, to the extent that, using 377 loci, individual Europeans were about 38% of the time more genetically similar to East Asians than to other Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • Iberia also has an admixture level of ancestry originating in Africa, with the concentration of both being highest in Southern Portugal, which is largely ascribed to the long Moor presence in the Iberian peninsula and possibly African slavery in Portugal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • In geographic terms, about 41% of the YHRD samples stem from Asia, 34% from Europe, 14% from Latin America, 5% from North America, 4% from Africa and 1% from Oceania/Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The YHRD defines six continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, Oceania. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetics
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • admixture
  • Mexico's northern and western regions have the highest percentages of White population, with the majority of the people not having native admixture or being of predominantly European ancestry, resembling in aspect that of northern Spaniards. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnic group
  • The objective of this study was to assess whether the likelihood of infant mortality varied by maternal race and ethnic group while considering the severity of the birth defect. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Said registers also put in question other narratives held by contemporary academics, such as European immigrants who arrived to Mexico being almost exclusively men or that "pure Spanish" people were all part of a small powerful elite, as Spaniards were often the most numerous ethnic group in the colonial cities and there were menial workers and people in poverty who were of complete Spanish origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1980, Indians and all other South Asians have been classified as part of the Asian ethnic group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chinese American community comprises the largest ethnic group of Asian Americans, comprising 25.9% of the Asian American population as of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • genotypes
  • Meta-analyses examined the association between smoking cessation and lung cancer risk in 15 studies of individuals with European ancestry who possessed varying rs16969968 genotypes (N=12,690 ever smokers, including 6988 cases of lung cancer and 5702 controls) in the International Lung Cancer Consortium. (cancerindex.org)
  • Genotypes distribution was compared between groups and we considered a p-value less than 0.05 as statistically significant. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Regardless
  • Regardless of the accepted theories, there has been a certain degree of socio-biological fusion historically between Romani groups and indigenous Scottish Gypsy/Travellers, perhaps from the outset of Romani groups arriving in Scotland in the early 16th century and there are Scottish travellers with at least some degree of Romani including Romanichal ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each national Metapopulation in the YHRD comprises all individuals sampled in a particular country regardless of the ancestry of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asian Americans
  • Chinese Americans constitute one group of overseas Chinese and also a subgroup of East Asian Americans, which is a further subgroup of Asian Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • census
  • While the Mexican government periodically conducts racial censuses for "Indigenous Mexicans" and "Afro-Mexicans" it has not conducted a census for European Mexicans for nearly a century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earlier Census forms from 1980 and prior listed particular Asian ancestries as separate groups along with White and Black or Negro. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into "Asian or Pacific Islander. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1990 Census, Asian or Pacific Islander (API) was included as an explicit category, although respondents had to select one particular ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • immigrants
  • According to 20th and 21st century academics, large scale intermixing between the European immigrants and the native Indigenous peoples would produce a Mestizo group which would become the overwhelming majority of Mexico's population by the time of the Mexican Revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the post-WWII period, many immigrants from all over continental Europe settled in Sunshine. (wikipedia.org)
  • descent
  • European Mexicans are Mexican citizens of complete or predominant European descent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern research in regards to Mexicans of European descent focuses on phenotypical traits such as skin color and hair color rather than on asking the perception of ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lowland Gypsy/Travellers share many cultural features with European Gypsy communities such as a belief in the importance of family and family descent, a strong valuing and involvement with extended family and family events, a preference for self-employment, purity taboos (among the Romani people the purity taboos are part of the Romanipen) and a strong commitment to a nomadic lifestyle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americans of Chinese descent, including those with partial Chinese ancestry constitute 1.2% of the total U.S. population as of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • Rushton argues that race is a valid biological concept and that racial differences frequently arrange in a continuum across 60 different behavioral and anatomical variables, with "Mongoloids" (East Asians) at one end of the continuum, "Negroids" (Sub-Saharan Africans) at the opposite extreme, and "Caucasoids" (Europeans, Middle Easterners and North Africans) in the middle. (wikipedia.org)
  • In specific terms, Rushton argues that the three broad racial groups that he's defined have fundamental biological differences going back through evolutionary history that cause clear-cut distinctions in modern everyday life, as well stating that generalizations about these broad groups are justified given the large nature of the gaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • migrations
  • Records in Dundee from 1651 note the migrations of small groups of people called "Egyptians" in the Highlands, and are noted to be of the same nature as the English Gypsies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can help scientists understand ancient human population migrations as well as how human groups are biologically related to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • race
  • Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, age at menarche, baseline lipids, physical inactivity, body mass index, and family sociodemographics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 915 white and 892 black women enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study (age 40-79 years, half postmenopausal), serum leptin levels were compared between the race groups and across categories of body mass index (BMI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cox analysis indicated that black race was related to poorer survival in the medical group (p = 0.0006) but not in the surgical group (p = 0.28). (biomedsearch.com)
  • blacks
  • Hence general population is the Christian community, which includes whites, coloureds, blacks, and a good amount of those of Indian ancestry especially Tamils who have converted to Christianity. (wikipedia.org)
  • indigenous
  • The northeast region, in which the indigenous population was eliminated by early European settlers, became the region with the highest proportion of whites during the Spanish colonial period. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, the CONAPRED (Mexico's National Council for the Prevention of Discrimination) conducted the ENADIS 2010 (National Survey About Discrimination) with the purpose of addressing the problems of racism that Mexicans of mainly Indigenous or African ancestry suffer at hands of a society that favors light skinned, European looking Mexicans. (wikipedia.org)
  • iii) or a fusion or mix of Romani and indigenous traveller groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Results give information about ethnic groups the test subject may be descended from and about other individuals that they may be related to. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variety of definitions and geographical data are presented by organizations and individuals for classifying the ethnic groups in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • A leading method of analysis uses mathematical cluster analysis of the degree of similarity of genetic data between individuals and groups in order to infer population structures and assign individuals to hypothesized ancestral groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edwards (2003) claims, "It is not true, as Nature claimed, that 'two random individuals from any one group are almost as different as any two random individuals from the entire world'" and Risch et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • they are a distinct group from the Highland traveller and share a common language and heritage with the English Gypsies and Welsh Kale. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • Romany migration to Scotland continued during the 16th century and several groups of Romanies were accepted there after being expelled from England. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indians
  • While within the Mauritian social context, the main ethnic groups are refer to as the following: Hindus or Indians (North Indians Hindus) 40% (520,000), residing all over the Island, with higher concentration in the North. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • However the feared suppression of their common faith joined both groups together as Irish Catholics after the Irish Rebellion of 1641 (many of these families spoke Irish as a second or even first language). (wikipedia.org)
  • spoken
  • The English language evolved in England, from a set of West Germanic dialects spoken by the Angles and Saxons, who arrived from continental Europe in the 5th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was during the Viking invasions of the Anglo-Saxon period that Old English was influenced by contact with Norse, a group of North Germanic dialects spoken by the Vikings, who came to control a large region in the North of England known as the Danelaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the earliest indisputably acknowledged languages spoken in the British Isles belonged to the Celtic branch of the Indo-European family it is not known what language these early farming people spoke. (wikipedia.org)
  • origin
  • Of the fourteen families, twelve were of Norman-origin, two were Normanised Irish Gaels in their paternal ancestry (the D'Arcy or Ó Dorchaidhe and Kirwan or Ó Ciardhubháin families). (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • The history reflects the patterns of demographic and ethnic changes that have occurred in Europe throughout time. (wikipedia.org)
  • all that is known about this time period in Europe comes from archaeological investigations. (wikipedia.org)