• Nepalese
  • They were often referred to as Nepalese by the government of Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Officially, the government stated that 28 percent of the national population was Nepalese in the late 1980s, however unofficial estimates ran as high as 30 to 40 percent, and Nepalese were estimated to constitute a majority in southern Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first small groups of Nepalese, the most recent major groups to arrive in Bhutan, emigrated primarily from eastern Nepal under Anglo-Indian auspices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most divisive issue in Bhutan in the 1980s and early 1990s was the accommodation of the Nepalese Hindu minority. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unofficial estimates of the ethnic Nepalese population ran as high as 30 to 40 percent, constituting a majority in the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first reports of people of Nepalese origin in Bhutan was around 1620, when Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal commissioned a few Newar craftsmen from the Kathmandu valley in Nepal to make a silver stupa to contain the ashes of his father Tempa Nima. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1940s, the British Political Officer Sir Basil Gould was quoted as saying that when he warned Sir Raja Sonam Topgay Dorji of Bhutan House of the potential danger of allowing so many ethnic Nepalese to settle in southern Bhutan, he replied that "since they were not registered subjects they could be evicted whenever the need arose. (wikipedia.org)
  • An effort to expand their operations into Bhutan with a satyagraha (non-violent resistance) movement in 1954 failed in the face of the mobilization of Bhutan's militia and a lack of enthusiasm among those Nepalese in Bhutan, who did not want to risk their already tenuous status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of the ethnic Nepalese allege political repression by the government. (voanews.com)
  • Though feted for this magnanimous gesture, the former king was in charge during the major blackspot in the country's recent history: the expulsion of more than 100,000 ethnic Nepalese in the early 1990s. (medindia.net)
  • Driem
  • Van Driem (1993) indicates that Sharchops are closely related to the Mönpa and that both are descendants of the indigenous pre-Tibetan (pre-Ngalop) peoples of Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lakha (8,000 speakers) and Brokkat languages (300 speakers) in Central Bhutan, as well as the Brokpa language (5,000 speakers) in far Eastern Bhutan, are also grouped by Van Driem (1993) into Central Bodish. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1907
  • Ugyen WANGCHUCK - who had served as the de facto ruler of an increasingly unified Bhutan and had improved relations with the British toward the end of the 19th century - was named king in 1907. (flagcounter.com)
  • King Wangchuck, a keen basketball player and Elvis fan, and four of his forebears have ruled Bhutan since 1907 when the royal family took over and brought stability to the previously war-ravaged nation. (medindia.net)
  • Hutt
  • London: C. Hurst and Co. Hutt, Michael, ed. (1994) Bhutan: Perspectives on Conflict and Dissent. (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • the Kiranti groups that include the Rai and Limbu are largely animist followers of Mundhum (these latter groups are mainly found in eastern Bhutan). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethnic Groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hindu temples exist in southern Bhutan, and Hindus practice their religion in small- to medium-sized groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Himalayas
  • Wylie transliteration: ʼbrug-yul "Druk Yul"), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia located at the eastern end of the Himalayas. (fouman.com)
  • country's
  • Immigration to Bhutan has an extensive history and has become one of the country's most contentious social, political, and legal issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tibetan Buddhism
  • Ngalops largely follow Tibetan Buddhism, particularly the Drukpa Lineage of the Kagyu school of Vajrayana that is the state religion of Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • world's
  • Bhutan has one of the world's least developed and smallest economies. (voanews.com)
  • Cigarettes are banned, and Bhutan is the world's only carbon-negative country, producing less carbon than its forests absorb. (altoonamirror.com)
  • Tibet
  • Historians have suggested that variations of the Sanskrit words Bhota-ant (end of Bhot, an Indian name for Tibet) or Bhu-uttan (meaning highlands) led to the name Bhutan. (fouman.com)
  • villages
  • Small aboriginal or indigenous tribal peoples live in scattered villages throughout Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gongduk or Gongdu (Tibetan: དགོང་འདུས་, Wylie: Dgong-'dus, it is also known as Gongdubikha) is an endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken by about 1,000 people in a few inaccessible villages located near the Kuri Chhu river in the Gongdue Gewog of Mongar District in eastern Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Gongduk language is an endangered language that has approximately 1,000 speakers in isolated villages along the Kuri Chhu river in Eastern Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • linguistic
  • A yearning for linguistic bonds, assertion of ethnic identity, and disappointment at accumulated development deficits seem to have triggered pro-GTA sentiments among Gorkhali speakers across the Darjeeling hills as well as the Terai and Dooars regions in the plains of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts. (telegraphindia.com)
  • subtropical
  • Bhutan''s landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). (fouman.com)
  • Dorji
  • Toward the end of the reign of the second King Jigme Wangchuck in the 1950s, the numbers of new immigrants had swelled causing tension between the King and the Dorji family in the Bhutan House. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kinley Dorji, Editor-in-Chief for Kuensel , the main newspaper of Bhutan says "In the past, Bhutan chose to go into a self-imposed isolation. (voanews.com)
  • The Act was pronounced by the Druk Gyalpo King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck among a series of legal and social reforms in 1958 designed to begin modernizing Bhutan, including the abolition of slavery. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Settlement in Bhutan by people of Tibetan origin happened by this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lhop or Doya people are a little-known tribe of southwest Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Khams Tibetan is spoken by about 1,000 people in two enclaves in Eastern Bhutan, also the descendants of pastoral yakherding communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Dakpa (Dakpakha) and Chali (Chalikha) languages are each spoken by about 1,000 people in Eastern Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lepcha language has approximately 2,000 ethnic Lepcha people in Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another key factor is the controversy over the citizenship rights of Gorkhali-speaking people, particularly the so-called "Bhupalis" ousted from Bhutan (on account of their anti-monarchy movement) and those evicted from the Northeast following ethnic clashes. (telegraphindia.com)
  • United Nations
  • As well as being a member of the United Nations, Bhutan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and hosted SAARC''s sixteenth summit in April 2010. (fouman.com)
  • group
  • The Sharchops are the largest ethnic group in Bhutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eight of the languages of Bhutan are East Bodish languages, not members of the closely related Tibetic group but still descended from Old Tibetan or a close kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1958
  • Amnesty was given through the Citizenship Act of 1958 for all those who could prove their presence in Bhutan for at least 10 years prior to 1958. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition
  • In 2008, Bhutan made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and held its first general election. (fouman.com)