• vertebrae
  • The condition is widely referred to as a slipped disc, ( No longer ) but this term is not medically accurate as the spinal discs are firmly attached between the vertebrae and cannot "slip" out of place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spondylosis, or spinal degeneration, occurs when the intervertebral disc undergoes degenerative changes, causing the disc to fail at cushioning the vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • specific spinal
  • Also, because the preponderance of studies are of lower level evidence the issue of long-term effectiveness of MUA in the management of specific spinal conditions has yet to be investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area of skin innervated by a specific spinal nerve is called a dermatome, and the group of muscles innervated by a single spinal nerve is called a myotome. (wikipedia.org)
  • anesthetic
  • In the outpatient ambulatory or hospital-based setting, with a qualified medical physician in attendance, the anesthetic or medication component/s of the spinal MUA procedure may be provided in one of two ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical
  • In many cases, spinal cord injuries require substantial, long-term physical and occupational therapy in rehabilitation, especially if they interfere with activities of daily living. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Spinal fusion may be indicated if there is instability or severe, well-localized arthritic changes in 1 or 2 vertebral interspaces. (merckmanuals.com)
  • dura
  • The dura, a tough, inflexible tissue, is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges, the system of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal leaks occur when one or more holes form in the dura along the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various scientists and physicians have suggested that this condition may be the result of an underlying connective tissue disorder affecting the spinal dura. (wikipedia.org)
  • injuries
  • He gained post-graduate experience, particularly in the areas of Orthopaedics and Spinal Injuries while working at the Princess Alexandra Hospital. (whatclinic.com)
  • Injuries can occur at any level of the spinal cord and can be classified as complete injury, a total loss of sensation and muscle function, or incomplete, meaning some nervous signals are able to travel past the injured area of the cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Depending on the location and severity of damage along the spinal cord, the symptoms can vary widely, from pain or numbness to paralysis to incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesion
  • These changes translate into loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • disc
  • Many factors can contribute to the onset or development of FBS, including residual or recurrent spinal disc herniation, persistent post-operative pressure on a spinal nerve, altered joint mobility, joint hypermobility with instability, scar tissue (fibrosis), depression, anxiety, sleeplessness, spinal muscular deconditioning and even Propionibacterium acnes infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic
  • Spinal cord injury can be traumatic or nontraumatic, and can be classified into three types based on cause: mechanical forces, toxic, and ischemic (from lack of blood flow). (wikipedia.org)
  • glucocorticoid
  • Glucocorticoids are corticosteroids that bind to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), that is present in almost every vertebrate animal cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • In technical terms, "corticosteroid" refers to both glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids (as both are mimics of hormones produced by the adrenal cortex), but is often used as a synonym for "glucocorticoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a controversial treatment option for low back pain, perhaps in part because it is most frequently administered by chiropractors. (chiro.org)
  • Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. (chiro.org)
  • Objective To assess the usage patterns of epidural injections for chronic spinal pain in the fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare population from 2000 to 2014 in the USA. (bmj.com)
  • This assessment of usage patterns of epidural injections has been conducted to describe the characteristics of all types of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain in the fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare population in the USA from 2000 to 2014. (bmj.com)
  • 8 Even though the basis for such alarm and subsequent regulatory atmosphere has been criticised, 4-7 the explosive increase of numerous modalities to manage spinal pain including epidural injections and the economic impact have provided ammunition for such an atmosphere. (bmj.com)
  • 9-18 Reports from the US Burden of Disease Collaborators 19 and from other parts of the world 20 , 21 have shown spinal pain occupying three of the five top categories of disability. (bmj.com)
  • It is unclear if ESI is useful for chronic pain after spinal surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spinal cord, nerve roots, vertebral column, and muscles around the spine can all be sources of back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • His current research interests involve computer-assisted image-guided surgery and less invasive spinal surgery including bone graft alternatives. (whatclinic.com)
  • Once identified, the leak can often be repaired by an epidural blood patch, an injection of the patient's own blood at the site of the leak, a fibrin glue injection or surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Success rates of spinal surgery vary for many reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • These optimistic reports do not correlate with "return to competitive employment" rates, which for the most part are dismal in most spinal surgery series. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conservative
  • He has had the opportunity to work alongside Orthopaedic Surgeons and Spinal Surgeons in various settings, assisting with conservative management, pre-operative, post-operative, and outpatient care. (whatclinic.com)
  • treatment
  • Without imaging, the risk increases for the injection to be incorrectly placed, and this would in turn lower the therapy's efficacy and increase subsequent risk of need for more treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another area for which basic experimental research is lacking to support the efficacy of MUA treatment of the low back, and other spinal regions relates to the two presiding theories that [A] flexibility of the spine may be increased when adhesions are reduced, and [B] MUA is more effective at treating adhesions than office-based manual therapy methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may be an initial presentation of a spontaneous CSF leak or appear after treatment such as an epidural patch, and likely indicates a slow CSF leak. (wikipedia.org)