• lesions
  • Oral manifestations of HIV disease are common and include oral lesions and novel presentations of previously known opportunistic diseases. (ucsf.edu)
  • Early recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV-associated oral lesions may reduce morbidity. (ucsf.edu)
  • This chapter is an overview of oral lesions most frequently associated with HIV disease ( Table 1 ). (ucsf.edu)
  • 5,6 ) The presence of these lesions may be an early diagnostic indicator of immunodeficiency and HIV infection, may change the classification of the stage of HIV infection, and is a predictor of the progression of HIV disease. (ucsf.edu)
  • In cystic lesions the diagnosis can frequently be made based on the location of the lesion (see next figure). (radiologyassistant.nl)
  • Immune, especially autoimmune, cause - which has gained steam, given the observation that the tissue of the glands is overrun with lymphoid immune cells and fibrous connective tissue, as well as corroboration from markedly similar lesions (with histologic and immunohistochemical findings) seen elsewhere in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • rheumatic
  • First, younger patients with type-I1 disease develop migratory polyarthralgias that resemble rheumatic fever (1). (docme.ru)
  • Furthermore, non-parotid rheumatic symptoms have not been described in type-V hyperlipoproteinemia. (docme.ru)
  • involvement
  • 6) However, as many as 30% of patients with systemic disease could have parotid involvement. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It is also helpful to consider the presenting symptoms in terms of either single or multi-gland involvement, and the type of swelling present (recurrent swelling, diffuse swelling or a well-defined lump - see table 1), as this information helps differentiation between the five diagnostic categories of disease. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • tuberculosis
  • Parotitis as Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: The mycobacterium that cause tuberculosis can also cause parotid infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tuberculosis is a necrotizing granulomatous disease with varied clinical presentation and a wide distribution. (jcda.ca)
  • Although the disease usually affects the lungs, extrapulmonary forms are not uncommon and account for approximately 20% of overall active tuberculosis. (jcda.ca)
  • oral cavity
  • 1,2 ) Careful history taking and detailed examination of the patient's oral cavity are important parts of the physical examination,( 3,4 ) and diagnosis requires appropriate investigative techniques. (ucsf.edu)
  • infection
  • Saliva production starts to flow, but cannot exit the ductal system, leading to swelling of the involved gland and significant pain, sometimes with an infection. (entnet.org)
  • Infection can develop in the pool of blocked saliva, leading to more severe pain and swelling in the glands. (entnet.org)
  • Parotid gland enlargement is typically an early manifestation in the HIV-positive patient and should alert healthcare professionals to the likelihood of HIV infection. (scielo.org.za)
  • parotids
  • The Sjogren-like syndrome of these hyperlipoproteinemias is characterized primarily by parotid enlargement, without prominent ocular or oral sicca symptoms, and has been attributed to fatty infiltration of the parotids (6,7). (docme.ru)
  • symptoms
  • Sialadenosis (sialosis): In this disorder, both parotid glands may be diffusely enlarged with only modest symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient underwent 3 cycles of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the left parotid region over 1 month, with no improvement in symptoms. (jcda.ca)
  • The symptoms may develop insidiously, with the diagnosis often not considered for several years, because the complaints of sicca may be otherwise attributed to medications, a dry environment, aging, or may be regarded as not of severity warranting the level of investigation necessary to establish the presence of the specific underlying autoimmune disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people may experience only the mild symptoms of dry eyes and mouth, while others have symptoms of severe disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sjogren's
  • Finally, Goldman and Julian (6) and Kaltreider and Tala1 (7) have described parotid enlargement similar to that of Sjogren's syndrome in 13 patients, 12 whom had type-I1 or type-IV hyperlipoproteinemia. (docme.ru)
  • stones
  • Unless stones totally obstruct saliva flow, the major glands will swell during eating and then gradually subside after eating, only to enlarge again at the next meal. (entnet.org)
  • First, stones can now be reliably retrieved by minimally invasive techniques, preserving gland function and avoiding traditional sialoadenectomy, although the service is restricted to a few specialised centres. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • In recent years the major advances in the management of salivary gland disease have taken place in the treatment of salivary gland stones and in surgery for salivary tumours. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Lithotripsy can now be used on salivary stones as well. (wikipedia.org)