• major glands
  • Unless stones totally obstruct saliva flow, the major glands will swell during eating and then gradually subside after eating, only to enlarge again at the next meal. (entnet.org)
  • ducts
  • These ducts can develop small constrictions, which decrease salivary flow, leading to infection and obstructive symptoms. (entnet.org)
  • Abnormalities of the salivary gland ducts leading to excessive accumulation or retention of ductal secretions, which can excite chronic inflammations. (wikipedia.org)
  • swollen
  • Others are forced to cope with blurred vision, constant eye discomfort, recurrent mouth infections, swollen parotid glands, dysphonia (vocal disorders including hoarseness), and difficulty in swallowing and eating. (wikipedia.org)
  • rheumatic
  • First, younger patients with type-I1 disease develop migratory polyarthralgias that resemble rheumatic fever (1). (docme.ru)
  • Furthermore, non-parotid rheumatic symptoms have not been described in type-V hyperlipoproteinemia. (docme.ru)
  • SS is associated with a number of other medical conditions, many of which are autoimmune or rheumatic disorders, such as celiac disease, fibromyalgia, SLE (lupus), autoimmune thyroiditis, multiple sclerosis and spondyloarthropathy, and several malignancies, principally non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-Ro antibodies are also found less frequently in other disorders including autoimmune liver diseases, coeliac disease, autoimmune rheumatic diseases, cardiac neonatal lupus erythematosus and polymyositis. (wikipedia.org)
  • involvement
  • It is also helpful to consider the presenting symptoms in terms of either single or multi-gland involvement, and the type of swelling present (recurrent swelling, diffuse swelling or a well-defined lump - see table 1), as this information helps differentiation between the five diagnostic categories of disease. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • 6) However, as many as 30% of patients with systemic disease could have parotid involvement. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • oral cavity
  • 1,2 ) Careful history taking and detailed examination of the patient's oral cavity are important parts of the physical examination,( 3,4 ) and diagnosis requires appropriate investigative techniques. (ucsf.edu)
  • infection
  • Saliva production starts to flow, but cannot exit the ductal system, leading to swelling of the involved gland and significant pain, sometimes with an infection. (entnet.org)
  • Infection can develop in the pool of blocked saliva, leading to more severe pain and swelling in the glands. (entnet.org)
  • Parotitis as Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: The mycobacterium that cause tuberculosis can also cause parotid infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5,6 ) The presence of these lesions may be an early diagnostic indicator of immunodeficiency and HIV infection, may change the classification of the stage of HIV infection, and is a predictor of the progression of HIV disease. (ucsf.edu)
  • Parotid gland enlargement is typically an early manifestation in the HIV-positive patient and should alert healthcare professionals to the likelihood of HIV infection. (scielo.org.za)
  • parotids
  • The Sjogren-like syndrome of these hyperlipoproteinemias is characterized primarily by parotid enlargement, without prominent ocular or oral sicca symptoms, and has been attributed to fatty infiltration of the parotids (6,7). (docme.ru)
  • Sjogren's
  • Finally, Goldman and Julian (6) and Kaltreider and Tala1 (7) have described parotid enlargement similar to that of Sjogren's syndrome in 13 patients, 12 whom had type-I1 or type-IV hyperlipoproteinemia. (docme.ru)
  • symptoms
  • The symptoms may develop insidiously, with the diagnosis often not considered for several years, because the complaints of sicca may be otherwise attributed to medications, a dry environment, aging, or may be regarded as not of severity warranting the level of investigation necessary to establish the presence of the specific underlying autoimmune disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people may experience only the mild symptoms of dry eyes and mouth, while others have symptoms of severe disease. (wikipedia.org)