• mandible
  • Except for the mandible, all of the bones of the skull are joined together by sutures-synarthrodial (immovable) joints formed by bony ossification, with Sharpey's fibres permitting some flexibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • avascular
  • Despite much research, the causes remain unclear but include repetitive physical trauma, ischemia (restriction of blood flow), hereditary and endocrine factors, avascular necrosis (loss of blood flow), rapid growth, deficiencies and imbalances in the ratio of calcium to phosphorus, and problems of bone formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postnatal
  • Histological analysis showed no effects of MH on tibial growth plate thickness in either fetal or postnatal offspring, although there was increased VEGF mRNA expression in the growth plate of postnatal offspring. (hindawi.com)
  • fetal
  • The current study investigated the effects of fetal growth restriction induced by MH during the last half of gestation on bone structure and volume in the offspring of the fetus near term and the pup in adolescence. (hindawi.com)
  • Fetal growth restriction can be caused by maternal undernutrition, maternal hypoxia (MH), maternal smoking, and placental insufficiency [ 13 , 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Secondary ossification mostly occurs after birth (except for distal femur and proximal tibia which occurs during 9th month of fetal development). (wikipedia.org)
  • plate's
  • The purpose of this work was to study the involvement of MMP-2, -3, -9, -13, and -16 in the growth plate's response to loading and in the catch-up growth resulting from load release. (physiology.org)
  • These results demonstrate the central role of MMPs in the growth plate's response to mechanical loading, as well as in the catch-up growth followed load release. (physiology.org)
  • fibroblast
  • These 3 relatively common entities are known to be allelic to the same gene: the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene on chromosome 4p. (eurorad.org)
  • process
  • Nevertheless, old age, many diseases and medicines can disturb the balance, ultimately the breakdown process exceeds the bone formation, and as a result, trabecular plates of bone are destroyed causing weakness of the structure of bone with greatly reduced bone mass. (intechopen.com)
  • Sex hormones are thought to be linked to this process because of the spatial relationship of chondroblastoma with the growth plate and its typical occurrence before growth plate fusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ossification (or osteogenesis) in bone remodeling is the process of laying down new bone material by cells called osteoblasts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heterotopic ossification is a process resulting in the formation of bone tissue that is often atypical, at an extraskeletal location. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a process that occurs during ossification, but not vice versa. (wikipedia.org)