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  • homology
  • Though MotA and MotB are part of the proteins required for H+ mediated flagellar motility, they show a high degree of homology to the PomA and PomB proteins present in bacterial species utilizing Na+ ion fluxes to power flagella and studies have revealed that a 'pomA' mutant of Vibrio alginolyticus can regain motility by expression of MotA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, groups of genes with homology to the RcGTA are present in the chromosomes of various types of alphaproteobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • horizontal gene tra
  • N. gonorrheoea has a high affinity for horizontal gene transfer, and as a result, the existence of any strain resistant to a given drug could spread easily across strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • An early tomato was developed that contained an antifreeze gene (afa3) from the winter flounder with the aim of increasing the tomato's tolerance to frost, which became an icon in the early years of the debate over genetically modified foods, especially in relation to the perceived ethical dilemma of combining genes from different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other genes from various species have been inserted into the tomato with the hope of increasing their resistance to various environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the bacterial species, this gene may be referred to as sigE. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some bacterial species, such as Clostridium botulinum, this sigma factor may be necessary for sporulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterium
  • Monsanto's tomato was engineered with the ACC deaminase gene from the soil bacterium Pseudomonas chlororaphis that lowered ethylene levels by breaking down ACC. (wikipedia.org)
  • When N. gonorrhoeae encodes penA, the new PBP-2 that is synthesized is no longer recognized by the beta-lactams rendering the bacterium resistant. (wikipedia.org)
  • sequence
  • In nuclear biology and molecular biology, a marker gene is a gene used to determine if a nucleic acid sequence has been successfully inserted into an organism's DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • MotB
  • More specifically, MotA and MotB make the stator of a H+ driven bacterial flagellum and surround the rotor as a ring of about 8-10 particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • The two-fold cost of sex includes this cost and the fact that any organism can only pass on 50% of its own genes to its offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetically
  • A genetically modified tomato, or transgenic tomato, is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as aiming to produce novel crops, scientists produce genetically modified tomatoes to understand the function of genes naturally present in tomatoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • GTAs originated from different viruses have been found in several bacterial and archaeal lineages, such as Alphaproteobacteria, Spirochaetes and methanogenic archaea. (wikipedia.org)
  • second
  • A second copy of the tomato gene polygalacturonase was inserted into the tomato genome in the antisense direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • transcription
  • A gene from rice (Osmyb4), which codes for a transcription factor, that was shown to increase cold and drought tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants, was inserted into the tomato. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several external and intrinsic factors appear to either induce or inhibit the transcription of this gene set and produce or suppress light emission. (wikipedia.org)
  • product
  • X-gal) is added, cells expressing the gene convert the X-gal to a blue product and can be seen with the naked eye. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • However, other genes required for RcGTA function, such as the genes required for RcGTA release through cell lysis are located separately. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Originally, they possessed some level of bacteriostatic activity against almost all medically relevant aerobic and anaerobic bacterial genera, both Gram-positive and Gram-negative, with a few exceptions, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • In metagenomics and phylogenetics, a marker gene is an orthologous gene group which can be used to delineate between taxonomic lineages. (wikipedia.org)
  • transfer
  • Prokaryotes, whose initial cell has additional or transformed genetic material, reproduce through asexual reproduction but may, in lateral gene transfer, display processes such as bacterial conjugation, transformation and transduction, which are similar to sexual reproduction although they do not lead to reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • Similar technology, but using a truncated version of the polygalacturonase gene, was used to make a tomato paste. (wikipedia.org)
  • copy
  • As a consequence, the higher copy number of this region increases the probability that genes encoding host-association factors will be horizontally transferred. (wikipedia.org)