• polydactyly
  • Cephaloceles may be associated with other medical conditions such as maternal diabetes or rubella or with genetic syndromes most notably Meckel-Gruber sydnrome, an autosomal recessive disorder in which dysplastic kidneys and polydactyly are seen in addtion to an encephalocele. (fetalsono.com)
  • patients
  • In 38 instances of atretic encephalocele, 24 patients were 1 year or younger at the time of diagnosis while only 1 patient was aged 38 years ( 21 ). (ispn.guide)
  • unknown
  • The exact incidence and prevalence of atretic encephalocele are presently unknown due to the scarcity of large series with significant data on this entity ( 18 , 21 , 23 , 28 , 33 ). (ispn.guide)
  • come
  • The majority of reports on atretic encephaloceles come from developed countries, especially from the United States, Europe, and Japan ( 21 , 28 , 33 ). (ispn.guide)