• polymer
  • The electrolytes have at least two domains--one domain contains an ionically-conductive gel polymer and the other domain contains a rigid polymer that provides structure for the electrolyte. (osti.gov)
  • The polymer electrolyte allows the PEM electrolyzer to operate with a very thin membrane (~100-200μm) while still allowing high pressures, resulting in low ohmic losses, primarily caused by the conduction of protons across the membrane (0.1 S/cm) and a compressed hydrogen output. (wikipedia.org)
  • The polymer electrolyte membrane, due to its solid structure, exhibits a low gas crossover rate resulting in very high product gas purity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PEM electrolyzer utilizes a solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) to conduct protons from the anode to the cathode while insulating the electrodes electrically. (wikipedia.org)
  • DSC technology can best be described as 'artificial photosynthesis' using an electrolyte, a layer of titania (a pigment used in white paints and tooth paste) and ruthenium dye deposited on glass, metal or polymer substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • this helped explain ionic and electronic transport in ionic crystals, ion-conducting glasses, polymer electrolytes and nanocomposites. (wikipedia.org)
  • salts
  • Electrolytes can be acids, bases or salts such as ionized calcium and the minerals listed above found in blood serum, the liquid of the blood that doesn't contain cells. (reference.com)
  • In particular, ionic liquids, which are molten salts with melting points below 100 °C, are a type of highly conductive non-aqueous electrolytes and thus have found more and more applications in fuel cells and batteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strong acids, strong bases and soluble ionic salts that are not weak acids or weak bases are strong electrolytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • electrochemical
  • Later in 1891, Johann Wilhelm Hittorf reported on the ion transport numbers in electrochemical cells, and in the early 20th century those numbers were determined for solid electrolytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1889 he realized the similarity between electrochemical and chemical equilibria, and formulated his famous equation that correctly predicted the output voltage of various electrochemical cells based on liquid electrolytes from the thermodynamic properties of their components. (wikipedia.org)
  • urinary
  • CLED agar (cystine lactose electrolyte deficient medium) is a valuable non-inhibitory growth medium used in the isolation and differentiation of urinary organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • A supporting electrolyte, in electrochemistry, according to an IUPAC definition, is an electrolyte containing chemical species that are not electroactive (within the range of potentials used) and which has an ionic strength and conductivity much larger than those due to the electroactive species added to the electrolyte. (wikipedia.org)
  • Being electrolyte deficient, it prevents the swarming of Proteus species. (wikipedia.org)
  • balance
  • All known higher lifeforms require a subtle and complex electrolyte balance between the intracellular and extracellular environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentration
  • Thus if the concentration of an electrolyte, say Na+ is determined to be 140 mmol/L, it is the concentration in total plasma volume, not in plasma water volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • But, in patients with severe endogenous or exogenous hypertriglyceridemia and in patients with high plasma protein concentration (usually due to paraproteinemia), water portion of plasma is replaced with either lipid or protein causing falsely low electrolyte value (pseudohyponatremia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, in patients with low plasma protein concentration (a finding often seen in critical care), the water content of plasma is higher than normal, resulting in the reciprocal artifact, a falsely high electrolyte value (pseudohypernatremia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemistry
  • It was from here that he and Kenneth Pitzer published the article in The Journal of Physical Chemistry entitled "Thermodynamics of electrolytes 12. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Electrolyte tests are commonly ordered at regular intervals to monitor treatment of certain conditions, including high blood pressure ( hypertension ), heart failure , lung diseases , and liver and kidney disease . (labtestsonline.org)
  • The electrolyte exclusion effect is the exclusion of electrolytes from the fraction of the total blood plasma volume that is occupied by solids. (wikipedia.org)