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  • deep brain stimu
  • Alim Louis Benabid is a French emeritus professor, neurosurgeon and member of the French Academy of Sciences, who has had a global impact in the development of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • For patients suffering from Parkinson's disease, Benabid and Pierre Pollak, a neurologist at the University Hospital of Grenoble, also developed deep brain stimulation (DBS) in 1987. (wikipedia.org)
  • elicit
  • An electrical stimulation can artificially elicit this action potential by changing the electric potential across a nerve cell membrane (this also includes the nerve axon) by inducing electrical charge in the immediate vicinity of the outer membrane of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • EBS could elicit the ritualistic, motor responses of sham rage in cats by stimulation of the anterior hypothalamus, as well as more complex emotional and behavioral components of "true rage" in both experimental animals by stimulaton of the lateral hypothalamus, and in human subjects by stimulating various deep areas of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • However, special care must be taken in designing safe FES devices, as passing electric current through tissue can lead to adverse effects such as decrease in excitability or cell death. (wikipedia.org)
  • signals
  • Learning how to translate complex visual images into electrical signals that convey the density of information a human expects -- not only the shapes and colors of objects but their distance from oneself -- will be an enormous task, Schiller added. (latimes.com)
  • The control only works if it continuously receives electrical signals from the brain. (wingsforlife.com)
  • cortex
  • It showed that direct stimulation to the brain's visual cortex can create the perception of shapes, colors and contrasts -- even when the eyes cannot see them. (latimes.com)
  • instead, they have proposed to supply the electrical messages that the brain interprets as an "image" directly to the brain's visual cortex. (latimes.com)
  • While each monkey practiced the new skill, researchers "listened in" on the distinct patterns of electrical messages passing among the cells of his visual cortex. (latimes.com)
  • The stimulation of the surface of the cerebral cortex by using brain stimulation was used to investigate the motor cortex in animals by researchers such as Eduard Hitzig (1838-1907), Gustav Fritsch (1838-1927), David Ferrier (1842-1928) and Friedrich Goltz (1834-1902). (wikipedia.org)
  • American-Canadian neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield (1891-1976) and colleagues at the Montreal Neurological Institute used extensively electrical stimulation of the brain cortex in awake neurosurgical patients to investigate the motor and sensory homunculus (the representation of the body in the brain cortex according to the distribution of motor and sensory territories). (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique that uses low energy electrical pulses to artificially generate body movements in individuals who have been paralyzed due to injury to the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 19th and 20th centuries, researchers studied and documented the exact electrical properties that generate muscle movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, heterogeneous ionic conductivity fields in the presence of applied electric fields can, under certain conditions, generate an unstable flow field owing to electrokinetic instabilities (EKI). (wikipedia.org)
  • Current
  • After the volunteers had plunged into REM sleep, a state in which people are unable to move and the most vividly recalled dreams occur, researchers applied electrical current to their skulls near the forehead and temples. (slashdot.org)
  • The 34 patients in the study lost about 10 pounds and two inches from their waistline during a six-month evaluation of the device, which discharged electrical current into the gastric antrum. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The device senses food intake and transmits electrical current to the stomach to stimulate gastric contraction. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Activated from morning until bedtime, the VBLOC, made by EnteroMedics, delivers preprogrammed electrical current on an intermittent basis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Scientists said they had used a harmless electrical current to modify sleep so that an individual has 'lucid dreams,' a particularly powerful form of dreaming. (nydailynews.com)
  • When the circle generated by electrical current was brighter than the one on the screen, the monkey demonstrated he could discern the difference in brightness by moving his eyes to the brighter one, as he had been taught. (latimes.com)
  • By strengthening the power of the electrical current, the study suggested to researchers they could improve visual acuity. (latimes.com)
  • His work showed that living organisms and animals show a direct current of electric charge which is measurable from their body surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • responses
  • Ref.: Hofstoetter US, Minassian K, Hofer C, Mayr W, Rattay F, Dimitrijevic MR. Modification of reflex responses to lumbar posterior root stimulation by motor tasks in healthy subjects. (wingsforlife.com)
  • pulses
  • It seems novel to use electricty for a purpose other than pacing - but they've got data showing nonstimulatory electric pulses improve heart contractility in failing hearts. (medgadget.com)
  • continuously
  • As technology advanced to allow such stimulation to be continuously applied for a long time, DBS became widely adopted in the 1990s for treatment of movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • device
  • In this embodiment, FES is used as a short-term therapy, the objective of which is restoration of voluntary function and not lifelong dependence on the FES device, hence the name functional electrical stimulation therapy, FES therapy (FET or FEST). (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • citation needed] Electric stimulation of the auditory system via cochlear implant is a commonly used technique for individuals with a severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, as well as for those adults and children with some residual hearing. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • An electrical stimulation heat/cool pack includes a nonconductive pouch and straps for positioning and holding the nonconductive pouch against a body part. (google.com)
  • 5. The electrical stimulation body pack according to claim 4 wherein said means for positioning and compressing said flexible pouch against a body part comprises at least one loop attached to one side of the flexible pouch and a strap sized for passing through said loop and around the body part. (google.com)
  • State University of New York Press, Albany 1982, ISBN 0-87395-560-9 The Body Electric. (wikipedia.org)
  • means
  • The effect on the urethra of intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVS) was registered by means of urethral pressure profiles (UPP). (mendeley.com)
  • The project is supposed to enable paraplegic patients with residual control over the leg musculature to walk a few steps or to stand up from their wheelchair by means of electrical stimulation. (wingsforlife.com)
  • non-conductive sheet means disposed on another side of said conductive fabric for supporting the electrical shunt means along the conductive fabric and for preventing undesired electrical contact with the conductive fabric. (google.com)
  • convey
  • Electrokinesis is of considerable practical importance in microfluidics, because it offers a way to manipulate and convey fluids in microsystems using only electric fields, with no moving parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • motor
  • In such case, the moving structure acts as an electric motor Practical fields of interest of EHD are the common air ioniser, electrohydrodynamic thrusters and EHD cooling systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • purposes
  • The concept of combining simultaneous electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) for the purposes of better hearing was first described by C. von Ilberg and J. Kiefer, from the Universit√§tsklinik Frankfurt, Germany, in 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • transcranial
  • In 2005, Tania Singer and Professor Christopher Donald Frith of the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and the Functional Imaging Laboratory published the results of a study using transcranial magnetic stimulation which showed for the first time the role of sensorimotor components in empathy for pain in other people. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensory
  • This complexity in sensory coding, which the team speculates may help the brain rapidly make highly accurate odor distinctions, became evident when the team used beams of light to activate highly specialized cells within the olfactory bulb, as prelude to measuring their electrical activity during single respiratory cycles. (photonics.com)
  • The complexity of the reflex can be estimated by examining the time delay, or latency, between the electrical stimulation of the sensory neuron and the corresponding motor response, as measured by EMG (electromyography). (wikipedia.org)
  • Working on rats, they found that stimulation at several mesencephalic and diencephalic sites eradicated responsiveness to painful stimuli and left other sensory modes relatively unaffected. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • A 1986 article in New Scientist said that the medical establishment viewed Patterson as a quack for trying to remove addiction with tiny electrical currents, and that the one clinical trial of it found it to be ineffective. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deep
  • Alim Louis Benabid is a French emeritus professor, neurosurgeon and member of the French Academy of Sciences, who has had a global impact in the development of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • For patients suffering from Parkinson's disease, Benabid and Pierre Pollak, a neurologist at the University Hospital of Grenoble, also developed deep brain stimulation (DBS) in 1987. (wikipedia.org)
  • The deep brain stimulation system consists of three components: the implanted pulse generator (IPG), the lead, and an extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower
  • The AV node lies at the lower back section of the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus, which conducts the normal electrical impulse from the atria to the ventricles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The protection of the organ of Corti, provided by the acoustic reflex against excessive stimulation (especially that of the lower frequencies) has been demonstrated both in man and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • These effects can last between six and ten hours and include feelings of euphoria, mental and physical stimulation and unusual body sensations. (equl.com)
  • control
  • Further, it has been shown that electrical stimulation of IL reduces conditioned fear and strengthens extinction memory[clarification needed], explaining cortical control over extinction processes,[clarification needed] one of the simplest forms of emotional regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • As of 2012, evidence reviewed within NHS Scotland found no good evidence that neuro-electric therapy was helpful in treating opiate addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • author
  • Krishna Shenoy, PhD, professor of electrical engineering at Stanford and co-senior author of the paper stated, "This study reports the highest speed and accuracy, by a factor of three, over what's been shown before. (labroots.com)