• inflammation
  • air trapping in the bronchioles - bronchospasm resulting from constriction of bronchial smooth muscle - inflammation and edema of the mucous membrane and subsequent accumulation of thick secretions in the airways - airways become narrow and there can be obstruction, air flows more easily into areas with the least resistance and the blood that does flow to the less ventilated portions of the lungs is not adequately saturated with oxygen. (allnurses.com)
  • allergic
  • Each 5 ml of Corex Cough Syrup contains: Alcohol IP 8 mg Chlorpheniramine Maleate IP 4 mg Codeine Phosphate IP 10 mg Carmoisine and Sunset Chlorpheniramine maleate, an H1-blocking antihistamine, relieves histamine-induced allergic edema of respiratory mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient death followed the anaphylactic shock developed due to numerous bee bites, in the lack of immediate specialized medical assistance, and immunohistochemistry showed an increased number of mast cells in skin and respiratory mucosa , associated to vascular congestion, edema, and hemorrhages, confirming the tissular allergic phenomena as an initiator factor. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • gastric
  • 3. Respiratory arrest and renal failure with anuria Lab Anion-gap metabolic acidosis, ↑ serum osmolality, osmolar gap, hypocalcemia Diagnosis GLC, fluorometry, colorimetry Treatment Gastric lavage, emesis, charcoal and catharsis, calcium gluconate for hypocalcemia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sites of systemic absorption include broken skin tissue, inflamed gastric sites, eczematous skin and respiratory mucosa with the risk of a reaction increasing with number and duration of sprays administered. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Additionally, increased TGF-α has been noted in the gastric mucosa of patients with the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • With Ménétrier disease, the stomach is characterized by large, tortuous gastric folds in the fundus and body of the stomach, with antrum generally spared, giving the mucosa a cobblestone or cerebriform (brain-like) appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs include acute onset of moderate to severe pain, large volumes of gastric reflux (4-20 L per decompression) which is usually orange-brown and fetid, distended small intestine (up to 5-7 cm in diameter) palpable on rectal examination, fever, depression, increased heart rate (>60 bpm), increased respiratory rate, prolonged CRT, and darkened mucous membranes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Codeine
  • Monitor for respiratory depression, especially during initiation of Promethazine HCl and Codeine Phosphate Oral Solution therapy or when used in patients at higher risk [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ]. (drugs.com)
  • Life-threatening respiratory depression and death have occurred in children who received codeine. (drugs.com)
  • Avoid the use of Promethazine HCl and Codeine Phosphate Oral Solution in adolescents 12 to 18 years of age who have other risk factors that may increase their sensitivity to the respiratory depressant effects of codeine. (drugs.com)
  • cough
  • VITUZ ® Oral Solution is indicated for relief of cough and symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies or a common cold in adults 18 years of age and older. (drugs.com)
  • The problem, then becomes one of distinguishing the degree to which respiratory and/or cardiovascular disease are contributing to the cough. (vin.com)
  • Specific changes useful in differentiating cardiac from respiratory causes of cough include distinction of left vs right heart enlargement, indicative respectively of cardiac and respiratory causes. (vin.com)
  • A cough is the principal sign of laryngitis when edema is slight and the deeper tissues of the larynx are not involved. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • vascular
  • Final pathology of the right-sided lesion revealed mostly dilated vascular channels with unremarkable overlying respiratory mucosa , consistent with a hemangioma (figure 3). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Signs of established sepsis include confusion, metabolic acidosis (which may be accompanied by faster breathing and lead to a respiratory alkalosis), low blood pressure due to decreased systemic vascular resistance, higher cardiac output, and dysfunctions of blood coagulation (where clotting may lead to organ failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Predicting where and when the next episode of edema will occur is impossible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ten days following ingestion, intense muscular pain, difficulty breathing, weakening of pulse and blood pressure, heart damage, and various nervous disorders may occur, eventually leading to death due to heart failure, respiratory complications, or kidney malfunction, all due to larval migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper
  • Individuals with the disease present with upper abdominal pain (epigastric), at times accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, edema, and weight loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • alveolar
  • The earlier generations (approximately generations 0-16), consisting of the trachea and the bronchi, as well as the larger bronchioles which simply act as air conduits, bringing air to the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts and alveoli (approximately generations 17-23), where gas exchange takes place. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial cell
  • and mucin secretion by goblet cells, goblet cell metaplasia, and epithelial cell hypertrophy in the membranes of the respiratory system. (wikipedia.org)
  • RM is associated with histological changes that include: an increase in the number of lymphocytes and fibroblasts, epithelial cell denudation, epithelial edema, goblet cell hyperplasia, increased expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor, increased mucus production, nasociliary loss, inflammatory cell infiltration, and squamous cell metaplasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammatory
  • As the larvae migrate through tissue and vessels, the body's inflammatory response results in edema, muscle pain, fever, and weakness. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • Exercise caution when administrating Vituz Oral Solution because of the potential for respiratory depression. (drugs.com)
  • The respiratory depression effects of opioids and their capacity to elevate cerebrospinal fluid pressure may be markedly exaggerated in the presence of head injury, other intracranial lesions, or a pre-existing increase in intracranial pressure. (drugs.com)
  • Postmarketing cases of respiratory depression, including fatalities have been reported with use of promethazine in pediatric patients. (drugs.com)
  • It works by reversing the depression of the central nervous system and respiratory system caused by opioids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naloxone is useful both in acute opioid overdose and in reducing respiratory or mental depression due to opioids. (wikipedia.org)
  • examination
  • It would typically be modified depending on the indication and integrated with other examinations especially the respiratory examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • On examination, the respiratory rate may be elevated (more than 25 breaths per minute), and the heart rate may be rapid (110 beats per minute or faster). (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • Finally the sacrum and ankles are checked for pitting edema which is caused by right ventricular failure in isolation or as part of congestive cardiac failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complications include cardiac and/or respiratory arrest. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • This is particularly true in middle-aged to aged, small breed dogs which are often afflicted with chronic respiratory disease and mitral insufficiency, each of which may result in coughing. (vin.com)
  • severe
  • Edema of the mucosa and submucosa is often an integral part of laryngitis and, if severe, the rima glottidis may be obstructed. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Very severe acute asthma (termed "near-fatal" as there is an immediate risk to life) is characterised by a peak flow of less than 33% predicted, oxygen saturations below 92% or cyanosis (blue discoloration, usually of the lips), absence of audible breath sounds over the chest ("silent chest"), reduced respiratory effort and visible exhaustion or drowsiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • distress
  • Croup develops in more than 80 000 Canadian children each year, making it the second most common cause of respiratory distress in the first decade of life. (cmaj.ca)
  • Gastrointestinal
  • The most common areas affected include: skin (80-90%), respiratory (70%), gastrointestinal (30-45%), heart and vasculature (10-45%), and central nervous system (10-15%) with usually two or more being involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • They may very rarely cause enough damage to produce serious neurological deficits (such as ataxia or respiratory paralysis) from worms entering the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • Compared to the, on average, 23 number of branchings of the respiratory tree in the adult human, the mouse has only about 13 such branchings. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • The forced oscillation technique offers a simple and detailed approach to investigate the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. (scielo.br)
  • This method characterizes the respiratory impedance and its two components, respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs). (scielo.br)
  • Another important advantage, particularly in pathophysiological research, is that the FOT is able to provide information on the mechanical characteristics of the respiratory system that are complementary to spirometry. (scielo.br)
  • Play media The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most fish, and a number of other aquatic animals (both vertebrates and invertebrates) the respiratory system consists of gills, which are either partially or completely external organs, bathed in the watery environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The respiratory system in plants includes anatomical features such as stomata, that are found in various parts of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • discharge
  • Contact dermatitis has been associated with ocularly applied epinephrine (the active ingredient contained in Adrenaclick) These reactions have typically presented with lid edema and a thick yellow discharge. (drugs.com)
  • secondary
  • The production of fluid is thought to be due to active hypersecretion, passive secretion of proteins secondary to damage to epithelium of the mucosa and capillaries, and a functional ileus which prevents removal of this fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • eyes
  • A classic sign of trichinosis is periorbital edema, swelling around the eyes, which may be caused by vasculitis. (wikipedia.org)