• outbreak
  • But if all you know of Ebola is from The Hot Zone or Outbreak , well, that's not really what Ebola looks like. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • Margaret Chan, WHO director, admitted that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is so large, severe and difficult to contain because of poverty. (blogspot.com)
  • The Ebola outbreak, which is the largest in history that we know about, is merely a reflection of the public health crisis in Africa, and it's about the lack of staff, stuff and systems that could protect populations, particularly those living in poverty, from outbreaks like this or other public health threats. (blogspot.com)
  • pathogens
  • New species of human virus are still being identified, at a rate of three or four per year (see below), and viruses make up over two-thirds of all new human pathogens [ 2 ], a highly significant over-representation given that most human pathogen species are bacteria, fungi or helminths. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • This recognition leads to the expression of cytokines, chemokines and co-stimulatory molecules that eliminate pathogens like viruses for the activation of antigen presenting cells and for the activation of specific adaptive response [ 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Full Text Available The Bunyaviridae family is comprised of more than 350 viruses, of which many within the Hantavirus, Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, Tospovirus, and Phlebovirus genera are significant human or agricultural pathogens. (worldwidescience.org)
  • bacteria
  • Because these properties are shared by certain bacteria ( rickettsiae , chlamydiae ), viruses are now characterized by their simple organization and their unique mode of replication. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The 400 known viruses are classified in several ways: by genome core (RNA or DNA), host (animals, plants, or bacteria), method of reproduction (such as retrovirus), mode of transmission (such as enterovirus), and disease produced (such as hepatitis virus). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The global transport of animals and animal products, which includes hundreds of species of wildlife, also provides safe passage for the harmful bacteria, viruses, and fungi they carry, not to mention the prion proteins that cause insidious illnesses such as mad cow disease and chronic wasting disease in deer and elk. (kashvet.org)
  • herpes
  • The infected cell polypeptide 0 (ICP0) from Bovine herpes virus can interact with IRF3 and induce its proteasome-dependent degradation [ 12 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • emergence
  • 2003) and the emergence of Sin Nombre virus (1993) (Hjelle and Glass, 2000) and most recently Schmallenberg virus (2011) (DEFRA, 2012) are prime examples of the devastating and worldwide toll bunyaviruses have on health and economies. (worldwidescience.org)
  • clinical
  • Some viruses do not produce rapid lysis of host cells, but rather remain latent for long periods in the host before the appearance of clinical symptoms. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • natural
  • Nonetheless, a study of currently recognized 'species' is a natural starting point for attempts to characterize and interpret patterns of virus diversity. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The viruses were later carried to the New World by Europeans during the time of the Spanish Conquests, but the indigenous people had no natural resistance to the viruses and millions of them died during epidemics. (wikipedia.org)
  • machinery
  • Viruses are considered as extremely successful predators as they can replicate and control the host cell synthesizing machinery. (intechopen.com)
  • people
  • In about 9000 BC, when many people began to settle on the fertile flood plains of the River Nile, the population became dense enough for the virus to maintain a constant presence because of the high concentration of susceptible people. (wikipedia.org)
  • These scientists are highly trained and very careful, just like people treating these Ebola patients and working out all the logistics of their arrival and transport will be. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • AIDS
  • used to indicate that an individual has been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus but does not yet have AIDS. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2 Nikita Skiba McClure Science, per 6 2/23/2015 HIV/AIDS treatments On November 24 th, 1991, Freddie Mercury, singer of my favorite rock group, died because of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), even though treatment at this time existed. (docplayer.net)
  • cause
  • Although scientific interest in them arose because of the diseases they cause, most viruses are beneficial. (wikipedia.org)
  • least
  • All told, there have been at least 7 cases of Lassa fever imported into the United States-and those are just the ones we know about, who were sick enough to be hospitalized, and whose symptoms and travel history alerted doctors to take samples and contact the CDC. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • treatment
  • It's odd to see otherwise pretty rational folks getting nervous about the news that the American Ebola patients are being flown back to the United States for treatment . (aetiologyblog.com)
  • proteins
  • Viruses encode homologs of complement regulatory proteins that are secreted and block complement activation and neutralization of virus particles. (intechopen.com)
  • Although
  • Extrapolation of the discovery curve suggests that there is still a substantial pool of undiscovered human virus species, although an apparent slow-down in the rate of discovery of species from different families may indicate bounds to the potential range of diversity. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • known
  • This review presents an overview of several important emerging or re-emerging bunyaviruses and describes what is known about bunyavirus -vector interactions based on epidemiological, ultrastructural, and genetic studies of members of this virus family. (worldwidescience.org)
  • animal
  • Methods of using azide-modified biomolecules, such as fatty acids, carbohydrates and lipids, to treat a plant, an insect or an animal infected with a virus or to inhibit infectivity of a virus, such as the human immunodeficiency virus, are provided. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Several
  • Several recent studies revealed that infected pigs can efficiently transmit ZEBOV to non-human primates in conditions resembling farm setting. (medcraveonline.com)
  • cases
  • The viruses within the Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, and Phlebovirus genera are transmitted by hematophagous arthropods, such as mosquitoes, midges, flies, and ticks, and their associated arthropods not only serve as vectors but also as virus reservoirs in many cases. (worldwidescience.org)