• 1999
  • Nipah Virus Infection in Dogs, Malaysia, 1999. (cambridge.org)
  • A similar trend is emerging in Asia in countries such as Japan, Taiwan and even China, as the Chinese population owning dogs and cats increased from 5% and 14%, respectively, in 1999 to an estimated 7% and 15% in 2004, respectively [ 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • vaccine
  • Dogs which had been administered intranasal vaccine 4 weeks prior to virulent B. bronchiseptica challenge displayed little to no bacterial shedding within 3 weeks of exposure to the virulent strain. (wikipedia.org)
  • replication
  • Partial protection against CDV was observed in measles-vaccinated macaques, as demonstrated by accelerated control of virus replication and limited shedding from the upper respiratory tract. (eur.nl)
  • immunity
  • A blood plasma transfusion from a donor dog that has already survived CPV is sometimes used to provide passive immunity to the sick dog. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phagocytosis was first observed in invertebrates, and this and other innate immune responses are important in immunity to viruses and other pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Approximately 0.5% of pet cats are persistently infected with FeLV, but many more pet cats (>35%) have specific IgG antibodies which indicate prior exposure and subsequent development of immunity instead of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pregnant dam has not previously had exposure to the virus and therefore has no specific immunity and becomes infected, and 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • outbreak
  • Nipah Virus-associated Encephalitis Outbreak, Siliguri, India. (cambridge.org)
  • Nipah virus outbreak in Malaysia. (cambridge.org)
  • This was then followed by an outbreak in Germany in 2006, where three stray cats were found to be either dying or dead during the peak time of the virus outbreak. (wikipedia.org)
  • kennel
  • Kennel cough is so named because the infection can spread quickly among dogs in the close quarters of a kennel or animal shelter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although kennel cough is considered to be a multifactorial infection, there are two main forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most notable of these are Bordetella bronchiseptica, one of the causes of kennel cough, Leptospira sp, which cause leptospirosis, and Brucella canis, cause of brucellosis in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • veterinary
  • The health of dogs is a well studied area in veterinary medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • accessed 5 February 2013) Merck veterinary manual www.scienceimage.csiro.au/index.cfm?event=site.image.detail&id=1310 Couch A.J. (1984) Akabane Virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • transmission
  • Person-to-Person Transmission of Nipah Virus in a Bangladeshi Community. (cambridge.org)
  • These data reflecting past infection of household cats raise the possibility that they may act as a vector of influenza transmission within households. (deepdyve.com)
  • In dogs, transmission most commonly occurs by drinking puddle, pond, or ditch water contaminated by urine from infected wildlife such as squirrels or raccoons. (wikipedia.org)
  • puppies
  • Dogs and puppies are infected orally, and the virus is spread transplacentally to the fetuses. (wikipedia.org)
  • CHV is transmitted to puppies in the birth canal and by contact with infected oral and nasal secretions from the mother or other infected dogs, but it is not spread through the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • More puppies survive, but they can develop a latent infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • incubation period
  • Once the cat is infected, after an incubation period of 2 to 3 days, the virus can be found in the respiratory tissues, attached to the type II pneumocytes and alveolar macrophages, as well as the intestinal tissues. (wikipedia.org)