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  • Injury
  • What mechanism of injury commonly causes humeral neck fractures? (brainscape.com)
  • The injury can be difficult to diagnose initially as the attention is focused on the injury to the radial head, leading to the distal radio-ulnar injury being overlooked. (wikipedia.org)
  • The examination finding of tenderness of the distal radio-ulnar joint suggests an Essex-Lopresti injury in patients who have sustained high energy forearm trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • This article discusses some of the important orthopedic history relative to the physes, the relevant anatomy, the most commonly used classification system, and some details of physeal fractures in specific areas of the body. (medscape.com)
  • The fracture is most commonly caused by people falling onto a hard surface and breaking their fall with outstretched hand (FOOSH)-falling with wrists flexed would lead to a Smith's fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandibular fractures occur most commonly among males in their 30s. (wikipedia.org)
  • volar plate
  • Although reduction loss in volar tilt and radial height occurred within four first months, volar plate was able to maintain fracture stabilization with radiographic parameters within functional range over the time in most patients of these elderly patients. (springer.com)
  • external fixator
  • We have designed a dynamic external fixator to treat these fractures. (ebscohost.com)
  • External fixator pins or wires (as above) are placed each side of the 'man made fracture' and the external metal apparatus is used to very gradually push the two sides of the bone apart millimetre by millimetre day by day and week by week. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is known that bearing weight through fracture by walking on it, for example, with the added support of the external fixator frame actually helps fractures to heal. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • Lambotte was the first to use threaded pins, however, his device necessitated initial, open fracture reduction and then pin insertion and fixator placement. (wikipedia.org)
  • fragments
  • In 1843 he used a claw-like device to percutaneously hold the fragments of a fractured patella. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external rings are linked to each other by threaded rods and hinges that allow to move the position of the bone fragments without opening the fracture site, then the fragments can be fixed in rigid position until complete healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • metastatic
  • [ 18 , 19 ] The treating physician must also be aware of the potential for pathologic fractures through metastatic lesions or primary bone tumors in this area. (medscape.com)
  • flexion
  • Conversely, malunion of distal humerus or olecranon fractures which extend intra-articularly into the ulnohumeral joint typically result in arthritis which is symptomatic during flexion and extension. (hindawi.com)
  • Open
  • Patients with open fractures fare worse than those with closed fractures. (medscape.com)
  • In children with open epiphyses, an equivalent fracture is the "epiphyseal slip", as can be seen in other joints, such as a slipped capital femoral epiphysis in the hip. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of a unilateral condylar fracture the back teeth on the side of the fracture will meet and the open bite will get progressively greater towards the other side of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in gagging of the teeth on the fractured side (the teeth meet too soon on the fractured side, and not on the non fractured side, i.e. "open bite" that becomes progressively worse to the unaffected side). (wikipedia.org)