• sovereignty
  • According to POLISARIO officials, The licensing initiative we are introducing today prepares for the day when the Saharawi Republic will exercise full sovereignty over all its rightful territory, including our offshore waters and our natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertiliser
  • Fertiliser distributor Nutrien, the result of a merger between Potash Corp and Agrium, has been blacklisted by financial institutions over its imports from Western Sahara. (africaintelligence.com)
  • As the Margiris super trawler arrives in Australian amid controversy, another ship, the bulk carrier, Maple Crystal is due at Lascelles wharf in North Shore Geelong on Wednesday 5 September, bringing a stolen cargo of phosphate rock from Western Sahara for the Australian Fertiliser company, Incitec Pivot (IPL). (awsa.org.au)
  • He said the rock from Morocco is used to make New Zealand's predominant fertiliser superphosphate, which results in high levels of run-off with resulting pollution to our waterways and can also be detrimental to soil health over the long term. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • facto
  • Within a few years, the top positions at Anadarko had been filled by Kerr-McGee employees and many long-time Anadarko employees had left or been removed from the company, effecting a de facto name change for Kerr-McGee. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have worked in close partnership with Morocco - as the de facto administering power of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • These entities often have de facto control of their territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are, for example, entities which meet the declarative criteria (with de facto partial or complete control over their claimed territory, a government and a permanent population), but whose statehood is not recognised by any other states. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many situations, international non-recognition is influenced by the presence of a foreign military force in the territory of the contested entity, making the description of the country's de facto status problematic. (wikipedia.org)
  • It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • Morocco joins Israel and Jordan as the third nation state in North Africa/Middle East to sign a free trade agreement with the U.S. This agreement was a positive move towards President Bush's Middle East Free Trade Initiative set forth in May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, Western Sahara seized a phosphate-carrying ship in South Africa. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the south, the Sahara is bounded by the Sahel, a belt of dry tropical savanna with a summer rainy season that extends across Africa from east to west. (wikipedia.org)
  • The government of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (the SADR) and the Saharawi national liberation movement, the Polisario Front, welcomed an announcement today that there would be no further defence of a case by Morocco's state company OCP SA over a cargo of phosphate mineral rock detained under court order in South Africa. (awsa.org.au)
  • The "Scramble for Africa" was the occupation, division, and colonisation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. (wikipedia.org)
  • At its zenith during World War II, the Axis presided over territories that occupied large parts of Europe, North Africa, and East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning in the early 16th century, Spanish was taken to the colonies of the Spanish Empire, most notably to the Americas, as well as territories in Africa, Oceania and the Philippines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa is considered by most paleoanthropologists to be the oldest inhabited territory on Earth, with the human species originating from the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • In June 2016, the Financial Times quoted Kosmos correspondence with the Council on Ethics: "We fundamentally disagree with the council's assessment of our activities offshore Western Sahara, where we have spent considerable time on the ground working with local people to understand their views of oil and gas exploration. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1970s
  • In the 1970s the company had a forest products division, and mineral mining in New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, and coal mining in Wyoming and Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries, particularly in Western Europe, reduced their voting ages to 18 years during the 1970s, starting with the United Kingdom (1970), with the United States (26th Amendment) (1971), Canada, Australia (1974), France and others following soon afterwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee
  • The Kerr-McGee Corporation, founded in 1929, was an American energy company involved in oil exploration, production of crude oil, natural gas, perchlorate and uranium mining and milling in various countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company later known as Kerr-McGee was founded in 1929 as Anderson & Kerr Drilling Company by Oklahoma businessman-politician Robert S. Kerr (1896-1963) and oil driller James L. Anderson. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the acquisition of the Oryx Energy Company of Dallas, Texas in 1999, Kerr-McGee gained more onshore assets, as well as significant assets in several foreign areas, most notably Algeria and western Kazakhstan. (wikipedia.org)
  • On November 21, 2005, the chemical division of the company, based in Oklahoma City, was sold off by IPO as Tronox, thereby making Oklahoma City home to the administrative side of Kerr-McGee, while all exploration and production management was located in Denver and Houston. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee and its subsidiaries formerly operated in western Kazakhstan, western Australia, Brazil, Trinidad, Benin, the United Kingdom and several other more minor locations around the world at various times. (wikipedia.org)
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • desert
  • A sparsely populated stretch of desert bordering the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara has rich fishing grounds as well as phosphate. (reuters.com)
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara can be divided into several regions including: the western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains, the Ténéré desert, and the Libyan Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is the world's largest low-latitude hot desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Desertec is an energy project launched in Munich in 2009, consisting on the use of solar and wind technology in the Sahara desert, with the aim to provide that energy generated to African and European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of what scholars know of the Trans-Saharan trade routes comes from the historical writings of Muslim scholars such as Ibn Battuta and Leo Africanus who both crossed the Sahara Desert in the 14th and 15th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geographically, the Sahara Desert extends over 3.6 million square miles and is the second largest desert on the planet behind Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Sahara Desert was often viewed as a barrier between the African countries, it actually linked them together rather than separated them. (wikipedia.org)
  • It took months for merchants to cross the Sahara Desert, and they faced challenges ranging from natural disasters to lost caravans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his memoir, Battuta described the Sahara as a "desert haunted by demons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trade among the Sahara Desert was highly influenced by the prominent Western empires and the local people living along the trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • annexation
  • The Reichswehr Ministry memorandum of 1926 declared its intention to seek the reincorporation of German territory lost to Poland as its first priority, to be followed by the return of the Saar territory, the annexation of Austria, and remilitarization of the Rhineland. (wikipedia.org)
  • notably
  • Most notably, in Morocco, there has been concern regarding the reduction in tariffs for agricultural products and the increase in intellectual property and patent standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • self-determination
  • The UN has in place a mission, MINURSO, charged with the responsibility of organizing the referendum on self-determination for the people of the Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • recognize
  • The council's decision fails to recognize that people in Western Sahara-whom we have met in hundreds of face-to-face conversations-want the economic opportunities that come from increased foreign investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • developing country
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • exploration
  • The company initially focused mostly on off-shore oil exploration and production, being one of the first companies to use drillships in the Gulf of Mexico, and later one of the first companies to use a Spar type platform in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fishing and oil exploration contracts concerning Western Sahara are sources of political tension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • treaty
  • Morocco has signed a fishing treaty with the EU including Western Sahara as part of Morocco, although it was declared illegal by the legal services of the European Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • October - End of Far Eastern Republic February 28 - Independence of Egypt from the United Kingdom October 13 - Treaty of Kars: Turkey relinquishes claims to Armenia Turkey gains the area around Kars and southern Achara October 13 - Niger established as a separate colony October 12 - Upper Silesia divided between Poland and Germany September 18 - Short-lived and unrecognized Rif Republic declared in Spanish Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gustav Streseman as German foreign minister in 1925 declared that the reincorporation of territories lost to Poland and Danzig in the Treaty of Versailles was a major task of German foreign policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • Twenty six Indian seafarers have disembarked from two oil tankers after being stranded for more than two months off the coast of Kandla, in western India, in a row over unpaid wages and a legal dispute between ship owners and a UAE chartering company. (shipspotting.com)
  • In the late 20th and early 21st centuries voting ages were lowered to 18 in India, Switzerland, Austria and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • Morocco holds 75% of the phosphate reserves of the world, and is ranked third in the world in its production. (wikipedia.org)
  • At this time we don't anticipate any production interruptions at our facility in Alberta (Redwater)," the company said. (reuters.com)
  • The territory lacks sufficient rainfall for sustainable agricultural production, hence most of the food for the urban population must be imported. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mali
  • While trade along the Trans-Sahara trade route was common in the 14th century, it was highly dependent on the powerful African Empires, such as the Mali Empire, Kingdom of Kongo, Benin Kingdom, Hausa City-states, Great Zimbabwe, Ethiopian Empire, Kilwa Sultanat, and the Ajuran Sultanate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1352-53, Ibn Battuta embarked on a pilgrimage from Morocco to the Mali empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • legal
  • It also makes the legal framework in which disputes are to be settled more transparent to help reduce risk for U.S. businesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • seeks
  • Such statements are contemptible and unworthy of a state owned company that otherwise seeks the protection of the law in its commercial dealings. (awsa.org.au)
  • people
  • The company employs 18,000 people and indirectly supports more than 40,000 jobs across Morocco. (investorintel.com)
  • A Kosmos official told Reuters, "If we are successful, we believe responsible resource development has the potential to create significant social and economic benefits for Western Sahara and its people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, it is unethical because the trade gives support to a brutal regime and it is unjust because the indigenous people of Western Sahara, the Saharawi people, neither consent to nor benefit from the trade in their own natural resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • In its decision, the Court noted that "OCP and [its subsidiary company] Phosboucraa do not claim to have mined the phosphate in Western Sahara with the consent of the people of the territory. (awsa.org.au)
  • Jordan
  • It is usually considered to include the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Israel, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • Indian news reports say the plant will use around 1.4 million tonnes of Tunisian rock phosphate per year, producing 360,000 tonnes of phosphoric acid annually. (investorintel.com)
  • Spanish
  • May 27 - Rif Republic is dissolved by Spanish and French occupation forces in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • annually
  • According to climatic criteria, the southern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the 150 mm (5.9 in) isohyet of annual precipitation (this is a long-term average, since precipitation varies annually). (wikipedia.org)
  • kilometres
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • And in a characteristically blunt November letter to his firm's investors , Grantham argued that "we should not unnecessarily ruin a pleasant and currently very serviceable planet just to maximize the short-term pro﫿ts of energy companies and others. (care2.com)
  • importers
  • As of 2005, in terms of U.S. dollars, Morocco was ranked 89th among U.S. trading importers and 79th among U.S. exporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • parts
  • Non-recognition is often a result of conflicts with other countries that claim those entities as integral parts of their territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • The mining sector is poised for increased participation of private sector companies and also in the fuel sector in natural gas and petroleum extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • They complained that they were being treated as second-class citizens in their own country, while Morocco exploited their natural resources for its profit. (awsa.org.au)
  • name
  • Most of the companies are large ones such as 3M, BF Goodrich, American Express, Caterpillar, just to name a few. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes dates of declarations of independence, changes in country name, changes of capital city or name, and significant changes in territory (viz. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is circumstantial evidence linking Hadrian with the name change, but the precise date is not certain and the assertion of some scholars that the name change was intended "to complete the dissociation with Judaea" is disputed. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • The company said local populations in Western Sahara would benefit from the economic development of the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The region comprises most of the territory claimed for the biblical regions known as the Land of Israel (Hebrew: ארץ־ישראל Eretz-Yisra'el), the Holy Land or Promised Land. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the region comprises the State of Israel and the Palestinian territories in which the State of Palestine was declared. (wikipedia.org)