• vectors
  • Ship sanitation certificates can be of two types: Ship Sanitation Control Exemption Certificates (SSCEC) are issued to vessels that have passed flying fists that verifies that the ship is free of havdyr vectors, potential disease reservoirs or ill humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spores
  • When infected with this disease, the flowers generate pathogenic spores, which can then be transferred to other plants by pollinating insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are fungal diseases that can infect different parts of the host plants (i.e. leaves, stems, flowers) and usually create black spores called teliospores in the infected area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emergence
  • 25:1564-1566 Anita Rogic, Nathalie Tessier, Pierre Legendre, François-Joseph Lapointe, Virginie Millien (2013) Genetic structure of the white-footed mouse in the context of the emergence of Lyme disease in southern Québec. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme
  • It has also been found to be a competent reservoir for the Lyme disease-causing spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi. (wikipedia.org)
  • 42:254-259 Goodwin BJ, Ostfeld RS & Schauber EM (2001) Spatiotemporal variation in a Lyme disease host and vector: black-legged ticks on white-footed mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1989) Antibody response in white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus ) experimental infected with the Lyme disease spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi). (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • A presumptive diagnosis can be made based on the history, clinical signs, pattern of mortality and water temperature, especially if there is a history of the disease in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation
  • Until the 1990s,[citation needed] STIs were commonly known as venereal diseases, the word venereal being derived from the Latin word venereus, and meaning relating to sexual intercourse or desire, ultimately derived from Venus, the Roman goddess of love. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural
  • Another area biologists are concerned about is the natural recruitment of cutthroat trout and kokanee salmon in the reservoir. (utahfishinginfo.com)
  • Because of the enormous variety of infectious microorganisms capable of causing disease, precise definitions for what constitutes a natural reservoir are numerous, various, and often conflicting. (wikipedia.org)
  • A "multi-host" organism is capable of having more than one natural reservoir. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viruses of the taxon Ebolavirus, which causes Ebola virus disease, are thought to have a natural reservoir in bats or other animals exposed to the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The natural host reservoir for Ovine herpesvirus 2 is the subfamily Caprinae (sheep and goats) whilst MCF affected animals are from the families Bovidae, Cervidae and suidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • Zoonoses are defined by the World Health Organization as diseases and infections which are transmitted between vertebrate animals and man. (vin.com)
  • However, there is an abundance of these diseases across biological kingdoms (i.e. plants, animals, fungi). (wikipedia.org)
  • sexually
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex or oral sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Disease occurs in fish less than a year old that weigh less than 10 grams. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease typically occurs at temperatures below 13⁰C, and it can be seen in any area with water temperatures consistently below 15⁰C. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • In Eastern and Southern Africa MCF is classed as one of the five most important problems affecting pastoralists along with East coast fever, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, foot and mouth disease and anthrax.Hartebeests and topi also may carry the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease exists in Africa and tropical Americas, spread by biting midges or blackflies. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • Good bio-security practices should help reduce the risk of spreading the disease if the virus reaches the United States. (missouri.edu)
  • Various strains of the virus have been reported and are categorized according to their pathogenicity, or ability to produce disease. (missouri.edu)
  • Waterfowl such as ducks act as a reservoir, or storage system, for the virus. (missouri.edu)
  • Ducks or geese may contract the disease and either recover or survive for long periods of time while shedding virus as they move about. (missouri.edu)
  • Channel Catfish virus (Ictalurid herpesvirus 1) is a member of the Alloherpesviridae family that causes disease in catfish. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is endemic in the USA and there are reports of the virus in Honduras and Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Heber City Evidence of the parasite that causes whirling disease has been found in Strawberry Reservoir. (utahfishinginfo.com)
  • Even though the parasite that causes WD has been found in the popular reservoir southeast of Heber City, DWR biologists say Strawberry should remain one of the country's best trout fishing waters. (utahfishinginfo.com)
  • typically
  • The water of a deep reservoir in temperate climates typically stratifies with a large volume of cold, oxygen poor water in the hypolimnion. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccine
  • Because no commercial treatment or vaccine is available for this disease, livestock management is the only method of control. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • The term biosecurity refers to maintaining a farm or facility in a state of cleanliness to protect against the infiltration of biological disease agents. (missouri.edu)
  • adults
  • These individuals include HIV+ patients, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy, transplantation recipients undergoing immunosuppression to prevent organ rejection, patients with severe allergic or autoimmune diseases receiving immunosuppressive therapy, children or adults with congenital immunodeficiencies and more. (vin.com)
  • generate
  • Dams and reservoirs can be used to supply drinking water, generate hydroelectric power, increase the water supply for irrigation, provide recreational opportunities, and flood control. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Her primary research and publications focus on biosocial interactions that cause or contribute to disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • birds
  • The objective of biosecurity practices is to prevent anything that can carry a disease-causing organism from coming in contact with the birds. (missouri.edu)
  • Conditions
  • Under worse case conditions (such as when the reservoir is full or near full), the stored water is strongly stratified and large volumes of water are being released to the downstream river channel via bottom level outlets, depressed temperatures can be detected 250 - 350 kilometres downstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • While the rate of sedimentation varies for each dam and each river, eventually all reservoirs develop a reduced water-storage capacity due to the exchange of "live storage" space for sediment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hygiene
  • Normally, people do not need to be advised to part with their pets but rather to take precautions related to ectoparasite control, personal hygiene, feeding, vaccination and disease testing. (vin.com)
  • Mice
  • 1991) Kinetics of Borrelia burgdorferi dissemination and evolution of disease after intradermal inoculation of mice. (wikipedia.org)