• Clinical
  • Current clinical diagnoses of influenza infections are based on serologic testing, polymerase chain reaction, direct specimen immunofluorescence and cell culture 1,2 . (jove.com)
  • Using the Virochip, we have identified the full spectrum of viruses associated with respiratory infections, including cases of unexplained critical illness in hospitalized patients, with a sensitivity equivalent to or superior to conventional clinical testing 2-5 . (jove.com)
  • It is important to investigate the distinguishing clinical features between these two diseases. (jove.com)
  • important
  • Fast and effective diagnostics play an important role in controlling infectious disease by enabling effective patient management and treatment. (jove.com)
  • The RBD of SARS-CoV S protein plays important roles in receptor binding and induction of specific neutralizing antibodies against virus infection 7-9 . (jove.com)
  • spread
  • Critical, early control steps would be greatly enhanced if the key risk factors can be identified that accurately predict early disease spread immediately after emergence. (jove.com)
  • response
  • In absence of reliable information on severity of the disease, the nations are unable to decide on the appropriate response against this disease. (jove.com)
  • We describe the serological response following H1N1-2009 influenza A infections confirmed by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). (jove.com)
  • The opportunity to collect information on host biology (immunological and physiological response to infection) and spatial ecology (migratory performance of infected birds) will provide insights into the extent to which wild birds can act as vectors for AIV over long distances. (jove.com)
  • virus
  • Grapevine leafroll disease (GLD) is caused by a complex of several virus species (grapevine leafroll-associated viruses, GLRaV) in the family Closteroviridae. (jove.com)
  • Profile
  • Based on their safety profile and ability to induce potent immune responses against infections, subunit vaccines have been used as candidates for a wide variety of pathogens 1-3 . (jove.com)
  • risk
  • Furthermore, chitosan hydrogel is easy to use and can suppress bacterial infection, which is the major risk factor for the occurrence of dental caries. (jove.com)