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  • intolerance
  • Fructose intolerance may be the origin for unexplained gastrointestinal (GI) indicators in numerous patients, according to the outcome of a presentation study in print in the June 2003 issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology. (blogspot.com)
  • Nevertheless, credit and management of fructose intolerance may facilitate several patients. (blogspot.com)
  • The researchers recommended that patients with arcane symptoms must be tested with a noninvasive breath test before dismissing their symptoms as either imprecise or ahead of making a diagnosis of functional bowel disorder, because fructose intolerance is treatable. (blogspot.com)
  • intake
  • Both a low intake of omega-3 fatty acids or a high fructose intake contribute to metabolic syndrome, liver steatosis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), promote brain insulin resistance, and increase the vulnerability to cognitive dysfunction. (mdpi.com)
  • Fish oil supplementation maintains proper insulin signaling in the brain, ameliorates NAFLD and decreases the risk to metabolic syndrome suggesting that adequate levels of omega-3 fatty acids in the diet can cope with the metabolic challenges imposed by high fructose intake in Western diets which is of major public health importance. (mdpi.com)
  • high
  • So how can we stay away from foods high in fructose? (dietsinreview.com)
  • In animal models, the effects of a high fructose diet on fat distribution are inconclusive in that some studies find increases in body mass and lipids while others find no effect. (gsu.edu)
  • The following experiments tested the hypotheses that a high fructose diet alters fat distribution rather than total body mass and impairs hippocampal-dependent memory. (gsu.edu)
  • Results indicated that the high fructose diet did not affect fat distribution, but did increase plasma triacylglycerides. (gsu.edu)
  • These results indicate that a high fructose diet impairs brain function. (gsu.edu)
  • itself
  • It's not that fructose itself is so bad, but they put it in so much food that you consume so much of it without knowing it. (helpforibs.com)
  • different
  • There are two classes of fructose-bisphosphate aldolases with different catalytic mechanisms: class I enzymes [ PMID: 3355497 ] do not require a metal ion, and are characterised by the formation of a Schiff base intermediate between a highly conserved active site lysine and a substrate carbonyl group, while the class II enzymes require an active-site divalent metal ion. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolases: same reaction, different enzymes. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Levulose
  • In many cases, fructose has been identified on the product label as either levulose or invert sugar. (fda.gov)
  • FDA has learned that the public and many professionals are not always aware of the fact that levulose is a synonym for fructose, or that 'invert sugar' is a mixture of glucose and fructose. (fda.gov)
  • The word 'Fructose' should immediately follow the word 'Levulose' whenever it appears. (fda.gov)
  • Wikipedia
  • Note: in the Wikipedia section titled Xylose Isomerase, it states that xylose isomerase cause conversion of glucose to fructose by xylose, ie there is contradiction between theses two sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • sweetness
  • This means, in general, you need to eat more calories worth of glucose to get the same sweetness you would from fewer calories worth of fructose. (livestrong.com)
  • You can use aspartame instead of fructose to provide sweetness to foods, though unlike fructose, because aspartame contains no calories, it has no nutritional value whatsoever. (livestrong.com)
  • The primary reason that fructose is used commercially in foods and beverages, besides its low cost, is its high relative sweetness. (wikipedia.org)
  • inorganic phosphate
  • When sensitivity to allosteric inhibitors such as AMP, ADP, inorganic phosphate, and fructose-2,6-bisphosphate were examined, FBPase from hibernating bats was much more sensitive to inhibitors at low temperature than in euthermic bats. (wikipedia.org)
  • COMPOUND
  • Fructose, like table sugar, is an energy-containing compound that has a sweet taste. (livestrong.com)
  • Fructose-asparagine is a glycosylamine compound that is used during Salmonella-mediated inflammation of the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1918, Carl Neuberg found that the compound (only later identified as fructose 6-phosphate) could be produced by mild acid hydrolysis of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • Although fructose is a hexose (6 carbon sugar), it generally exists as a 5-member hemiketal ring (a furanose). (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Unlike most other sugar units, which consist of a central ring of five carbon atoms and one oxygen, fructose consists of a central ring of four carbon atoms and one oxygen. (livestrong.com)
  • Fructose is a 6-carbon polyhydroxyketone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yeast enzymes convert sugar (glucose, or fructose) to ethanol and carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fructose that has not been adequately absorbed is fermented by intestinal bacteria producing hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methane and short-chain fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fructose 6-phosphate (sometimes called the Neuberg ester) is a fructose sugar phosphorylated on carbon 6 (i.e., is a fructosephosphate). (wikipedia.org)
  • The numbering of the carbon atoms indicates the fate of the carbons according to their position in fructose 6-phosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • triose
  • The chief products of the Calvin cycle are triose phosphate (TP), which is a mixture of DHAP and G3P, and fructose 6-phosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • HFCS
  • HFCS is 24% water, the rest being mainly fructose and glucose with 0-5% unprocessed glucose oligomers . (wikipedia.org)
  • HFCS 42 (≈42% fructose if water were removed) is used in beverages, processed foods, cereals, and baked goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • All of this sugar comes from HFCS, which is 55% fructose. (whole9life.com)
  • There are several varieties of HFCS, numbered by the percentage of fructose they contain: HFCS 42 (≈42% fructose if water were removed) is used in beverages, processed foods, cereals, and baked goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1983, the FDA approved HFCS as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS), and that decision was reaffirmed in 1996 Prior to the development of the worldwide sugar industry, dietary fructose was limited to only a few items. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypoglycemia
  • If possible, individuals who suspect they might have HFI, should avoid testing via fructose challenge as the results are non-conclusive for individuals with HFI and even if the diagnostic administration fructose is properly controlled, profound hypoglycemia and its sequelae can threaten the patient's well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • activates
  • Elevated expression of Fru-2,6-P2 levels in the liver allosterically activates phosphofructokinase 1 by increasing the enzyme's affinity for fructose 6-phosphate, while decreasing its affinity for inhibitory ATP and citrate. (wikipedia.org)