• morbidity
  • It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience in most cases and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in other cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Results The incidence of Type 1 diabetes increased by 13% for each 5-year increase in maternal age [adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05, 1. by 13% for every 500-g increase in birth weight (adjusted IRR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04, 1.23). (wiley.com)
  • The incidence decreased with increasing birth order (adjusted IRR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82, 0.96) and increasing gestational age (adjusted IRR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77, 0.93). (wiley.com)
  • A higher incidence of Type 1 diabetes was associated with an urban vs. non-urban maternal address at the time of birth (adjusted IRR 1.38, 95% CI 1.18, 1.63), but no association was found with socio-economic status of the area. (wiley.com)
  • Conclusions A higher incidence of Type 1 diabetes was associated with increasing maternal age, higher birth weight, lower gestational age, lower birth order and urban place of residence at the time of birth. (wiley.com)
  • According to a 2017 review, there is consistent evidence of an increase in incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia with paternal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the incidence rate of lung, liver and cervical cancers are higher in the Indigenous population, only six per cent of Indigenous people over the age 65 sought hospitalization for cancer compared with ten percent of non-Indigenous people over the age of 65. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • Combined, about one third of all women of reproductive age are overweight (BMI ≥ 25 to 2 , prevalence between 30 and 38%) or obese ( 1 ). (aerzteblatt.de)
  • The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is low among women of reproductive age compared with postmenopausal women and men. (bmj.com)
  • Chronic
  • In Central Australia high incidences of type-2 diabetes has led to high chronic kidney disease rates amongst Aboriginals. (wikipedia.org)
  • socioeconomic
  • Low socioeconomic position and gestational diabetes mellitus were risk factors for childhood ADHD (adjusted odds ratio 2.04, 95% CI 1.56 to 2.68 and aOR 1.91, 95% CI 1.21 to 3.01, respectively), according to Jochen Schmitt, MD, of the Technical University Dresden in Germany, and Marcel Romanos, MD, of the University Hospital of Würzburg in Germany. (medpagetoday.com)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms are typically recognized between one and two years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The restricting of onset age has also been loosened from 3 years of age to "early developmental period", with a note that symptoms may manifest later when social demands exceed capabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • duration
  • Adjustment for physical activity, television watching, energy intake, breastfeeding duration, mother's BMI, and other maternal and family variables reduced the estimate to 1.3 (1.1-1.5). (aappublications.org)
  • additional therapy with insulin or other medications is required Diabetes which existed prior to pregnancy is also split up into several subtypes under this system:[medical citation needed] Type B: onset at age 20 or older and duration of less than 10 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type C: onset at age 10-19 or duration of 10-19 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type D: onset before age 10 or duration greater than 20 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Immune reactions during pregnancy, both maternal and of the developing child, may produce neurodevelopmental disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions proposed to show correlation with paternal age include the following: Advanced paternal age may be associated with a higher risk for certain single-gene disorders caused by mutations of the FGFR2, FGFR3, and RET genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUGR is associated with a wide range of short- and long-term neurodevelopmental disorders white matter effects - In postpartum studies of infants, it was shown that there was a decrease of the fractal dimension of the white matter in IUGR infants at one year corrected age. (wikipedia.org)
  • utero
  • Together with other lines of evidence, such studies have been taken as evidence that environmental risk factors for type 1 diabetes may play a role in utero or early in life ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • characteristics
  • Neonatal 25(OH)D 2 was best predicted by maternal characteristics, whereas 25(OH)D 3 was strongly associated to maternal vitamin D forms (R 2 = 0.253 vs. 0.076 and R 2 = 0.109 vs. 0.478, respectively). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Maternal characteristics and circulating forms of vitamin D, along with their epimers explain 56% of neonate vitamin D concentrations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • evidence
  • Evidence for a paternal age effect has been proposed for a number of conditions, diseases and other effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2017 review concluded that the vast majority of studies supported a relationship between paternal age and autism and schizophrenia, but that there is less convincing and also inconsistent evidence for associations with other psychiatric illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2016 review concluded that the mechanism behind the reported associations was still not clear, with evidence both for selection of individuals liable to psychiatric illness into late fatherhood and evidence for causative mutations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence from Southern blot test reveals that 85 percent of the clotted material is maternal blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • Both maternal mortality and severe maternal mortality (SMM) are "associated with a high rate of preventability. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010 the U.S. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations described maternal mortality as a "sentinel event", and uses it to assess the quality of a health care system. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, maternal mortality rates reflect disparities between wealthy and poor countries more than any other measure of health. (wikipedia.org)
  • babies
  • Among pregnant women who did not develop gestational diabetes, overweight women were 65 percent more likely, and obese women 163 percent more likely, to have overly large babies than their healthy weight counterparts. (redorbit.com)
  • The study, published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology , was a population-based cohort analysis of babies born between 1991 and 2013 at Soroka University Medical Center in Beer-Sheva, Israel, with follow-up to age 18. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • higher
  • Risk factors for third trimester OSA among women without baseline SDB include higher baseline BMI and maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • A 2017 review found that while severe health effects are associated with higher paternal age, the total increase in problems caused by paternal age is low. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long term, children are at higher risk of being overweight and developing type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnant women
  • Even among brain dead patients, in a U.S. study of 252 brain dead patients from 1990-96, only 5 (2.8%) cases involved pregnant women between 15 and 45 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk factors
  • Do objectively measured sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) events increase during pregnancy and what are risk factors for gestational obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)? (bmj.com)
  • We searched Medline (1966 to July 2002) and Embase (1974 to July 2002) for publications in any language that considered the association between identified risk factors detectable at an antenatal booking visit (box 1) and the subsequent development of pre-eclampsia. (bmj.com)
  • Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being either obese or underweight, a number of vaginal infections, tobacco smoking, and psychological stress, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include being overweight, previously having gestational diabetes, a family history of type 2 diabetes, and having polycystic ovarian syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • excess
  • Excess weight creates an increase in the risk of serious diseases like heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. (stdavids.com)
  • Unhealthy pre-pregnancy body weight, gestational diabetes and excess weight gain during pregnancy are all contributors to problems during pregnancy and at delivery," said study lead author Mary Helen Black, PhD, of Kaiser Permanente Southern California's Department of Research & Evaluation. (redorbit.com)
  • paternal age
  • The paternal age effect is the statistical relationship between paternal age at conception and biological effects on the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • While paternal age has increased since 1960-1970 this is not seen as a major public health concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The paternal age effect was first proposed implicitly by Weinberg in 1912, and explicitly by Penrose in 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • The FGFR genes may be particularly prone to a paternal age effect due to selfish spermatogonial selection, whereby the influence of spermatogonial mutations in older men is enhanced because cells with certain mutations have a selective advantage over other cells (see § DNA mutations). (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies have reported that advanced paternal age is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schizophrenia is thought by some to be associated with advanced paternal age but it is not proven. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some studies examining autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and advanced paternal age have demonstrated an association between the two, although there also appears to be an increase with maternal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paternal age may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but the association is weak and there are confounding effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • High paternal age has been suggested as a risk factor for type 1 diabetes, but research findings are inconsistent and a clear association has not been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review 2005 found a U-shaped relationship between paternal age and low intelligence quotients (IQs). (wikipedia.org)