• incidence
  • Results The incidence of Type 1 diabetes increased by 13% for each 5-year increase in maternal age [adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05, 1. by 13% for every 500-g increase in birth weight (adjusted IRR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04, 1.23). (wiley.com)
  • The incidence decreased with increasing birth order (adjusted IRR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82, 0.96) and increasing gestational age (adjusted IRR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77, 0.93). (wiley.com)
  • A higher incidence of Type 1 diabetes was associated with an urban vs. non-urban maternal address at the time of birth (adjusted IRR 1.38, 95% CI 1.18, 1.63), but no association was found with socio-economic status of the area. (wiley.com)
  • Conclusions A higher incidence of Type 1 diabetes was associated with increasing maternal age, higher birth weight, lower gestational age, lower birth order and urban place of residence at the time of birth. (wiley.com)
  • According to a 2017 review, there is consistent evidence of an increase in incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia with paternal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the incidence rate of lung, liver and cervical cancers are higher in the Indigenous population, only six per cent of Indigenous people over the age 65 sought hospitalization for cancer compared with ten percent of non-Indigenous people over the age of 65. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucose
  • Urinalysis might also show the presence of glucose (glycosuria), but women of child bearing age are unlikely to have undiagnosed diabetes (this is separate from gestational diabetes that may occasionally develop during the course of a subsequent pregnancy). (wikipedia.org)
  • The (AGP) as it is known in the diabetes community now includes several additional sections: glucose statistics, glucose profile graph, and either daily glucose pattern calendar images or insulin dosage graphs. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] At Einstein, an NIH funded project was undertaken to use SMBG data to devise an algorithm that would determine how much insulin was required to alter blood glucose levels in type 1 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • Neonatal 25(OH)D 2 was best predicted by maternal characteristics, whereas 25(OH)D 3 was strongly associated to maternal vitamin D forms (R 2 = 0.253 vs. 0.076 and R 2 = 0.109 vs. 0.478, respectively). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Maternal characteristics and circulating forms of vitamin D, along with their epimers explain 56% of neonate vitamin D concentrations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • respectively
  • In the group without maternal diabetes, these estimates were 14.2% and 6.6%, respectively. (aappublications.org)
  • Low socioeconomic position and gestational diabetes mellitus were risk factors for childhood ADHD (adjusted odds ratio 2.04, 95% CI 1.56 to 2.68 and aOR 1.91, 95% CI 1.21 to 3.01, respectively), according to Jochen Schmitt, MD, of the Technical University Dresden in Germany, and Marcel Romanos, MD, of the University Hospital of Würzburg in Germany. (medpagetoday.com)
  • glycemic
  • The recent recommendations of the guidelines of the Endocrine Society for diabetes and pregnancy to attain desired glycemic goals are based on the reduction of carbohydrate intake only to reach 35-45% of total daily energy with or without calorie restriction ( 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • babies
  • Among pregnant women who did not develop gestational diabetes, overweight women were 65 percent more likely, and obese women 163 percent more likely, to have overly large babies than their healthy weight counterparts. (redorbit.com)
  • The study, published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology , was a population-based cohort analysis of babies born between 1991 and 2013 at Soroka University Medical Center in Beer-Sheva, Israel, with follow-up to age 18. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • neonatal
  • The roles of active and epimer forms in the maternal - neonatal vitamin D relationship warrant further investigation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The authors compared the contributions of genetic factors to maternal vitamin D levels and found that 19% of neonatal circulating vitamin D levels are predicted by the latter with genetics having little influence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms are typically recognized between one and two years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The restricting of onset age has also been loosened from 3 years of age to "early developmental period", with a note that symptoms may manifest later when social demands exceed capabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • duration
  • Adjustment for physical activity, television watching, energy intake, breastfeeding duration, mother's BMI, and other maternal and family variables reduced the estimate to 1.3 (1.1-1.5). (aappublications.org)
  • additional therapy with insulin or other medications is required Diabetes which existed prior to pregnancy is also split up into several subtypes under this system:[medical citation needed] Type B: onset at age 20 or older and duration of less than 10 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type C: onset at age 10-19 or duration of 10-19 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type D: onset before age 10 or duration greater than 20 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • Together with other lines of evidence, such studies have been taken as evidence that environmental risk factors for type 1 diabetes may play a role in utero or early in life ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Evidence for a paternal age effect has been proposed for a number of conditions, diseases and other effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, or behavioural differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2017 review concluded that the vast majority of studies supported a relationship between paternal age and autism and schizophrenia, but that there is less convincing and also inconsistent evidence for associations with other psychiatric illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2016 review concluded that the mechanism behind the reported associations was still not clear, with evidence both for selection of individuals liable to psychiatric illness into late fatherhood and evidence for causative mutations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence from Southern blot test reveals that 85 percent of the clotted material is maternal blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • The Albert Einstein College of Medicine proved pivotal in both instances.The AGP was first proposed at the Diabetes Research and Training Center (DRTC) and developed by Mazze and associates in the first laboratory to extensively utilize computer technologies in diabetes care (later designated by the World Health Organization as: WHO Collaborating Center for Computer Technologies in Diabetes). (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • In Central Australia high incidences of type-2 diabetes has led to high chronic kidney disease rates amongst Aboriginals. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • The most important genetic contribution to the risk of type 1 diabetes is encoded within the HLA complex on chromosome 6p ( 4 ), and different HLA-DQA1 and -DQB1 alleles confer either strongly increased or reduced risk ( 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We decided a priori to categorize HLA-DQ genotypes into five groups according to the degree of risk for type 1 diabetes, as determined in previous studies ( 11 , 12 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Excess weight creates an increase in the risk of serious diseases like heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. (stdavids.com)
  • Risk factors for third trimester OSA among women without baseline SDB include higher baseline BMI and maternal age. (bmj.com)
  • Do objectively measured sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) events increase during pregnancy and what are risk factors for gestational obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)? (bmj.com)
  • Maternal diabetes during pregnancy and/or economic status may predict a child's risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (medpagetoday.com)
  • Conditions proposed to show correlation with paternal age include the following: Advanced paternal age may be associated with a higher risk for certain single-gene disorders caused by mutations of the FGFR2, FGFR3, and RET genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies have reported that advanced paternal age is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paternal age may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but the association is weak and there are confounding effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • High paternal age has been suggested as a risk factor for type 1 diabetes, but research findings are inconsistent and a clear association has not been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being either obese or underweight, a number of vaginal infections, tobacco smoking, and psychological stress, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long term, children are at higher risk of being overweight and developing type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include being overweight, previously having gestational diabetes, a family history of type 2 diabetes, and having polycystic ovarian syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women, however, are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • regardless
  • For this reason, many experts recommend that all women of childbearing age be offered preconception care counseling regardless of intent to become pregnant. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • A 2017 review found that while severe health effects are associated with higher paternal age, the total increase in problems caused by paternal age is low. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnant women
  • Even among brain dead patients, in a U.S. study of 252 brain dead patients from 1990-96, only 5 (2.8%) cases involved pregnant women between 15 and 45 years of age. (wikipedia.org)