• decay
  • Under local anesthesia old fillings and tooth decay are removed. (hubpages.com)
  • Patients can become entirely edentulous (without teeth) for many reasons, the most prevalent being removal due to dental disease typically relating to oral flora control, i.e., periodontal disease and tooth decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treating underlying disease such as gum disease, tooth decay, or gastroesophageal reflux disease may help. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concern about bad breath is the third most common reason people seek dental care, after tooth decay and gum disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard-to-clean areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay, and typically they are placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through. (wikipedia.org)
  • When this balance is skewed due to frequent intake of fermentable carbohydrates, poor oral hygiene, and lack of fluoride consumption, there is a continuous loss and little gain of minerals over a long period of time, which can ultimately cause what we know as tooth decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preventing tooth decay from the pits and fissures of the teeth is achieved by the fissure sealants providing a physical barricade to protect natural tooth surfaces and grooves, inhibiting build-up of bacteria & food trapped within such fissures & grooves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Otherwise, losing teeth is undesirable and is the result of injury or disease, such as dental avulsion, tooth decay, and gum disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth loss can be due to tooth decay and gum disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth decay is caused by increased plaque retention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tooth loss due to tooth decay and gum disease may be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene, and regular check-ups at a dentist's office. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the patient's occlusion does not permit for a mildly-retentive restoration, or if there is too much decay or a fracture within the tooth structure, a porcelain or composite veneer may not be placed with any adequate guarantee for its durability. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • Such undercuts can be bilaterally added to the most posterior dental abutments by bonding a bulk of composite resin to the buccal surface of the proposed retainers if they are adult teeth and the surfaces to which the composite resin is to be added are not restored with metallic or ceramic restorative material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Class I (bilateral free ended partially edentulous) Class II (unilateral free ended partially edentulous) Class III (unilateral bounded partially edentulous) Class IV (bilateral bounded anterior partially edentulous) Kennedy Class I RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some or all of their posterior teeth on both sides (left and right) in a single arch (either mandibular or maxillary), and there are no teeth posterior to the edentulous area. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, Class I RPDs clasp onto teeth that are more towards the front of the mouth, while replacing the missing posterior teeth on both sides with false denture teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Class II RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some or all of their posterior teeth on one side (left or right) in a single arch, and there are no teeth behind the edentulous area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Class III RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some teeth in such a way that the edentulous area has teeth remaining both posterior and anterior to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike Class I and Class II RPDs which are both tooth-and-tissue-borne (meaning they both clasp onto teeth, as well as rest on the posterior edentulous area for support), Class III RPDs are strictly tooth-borne, which means they only clasp onto teeth and do not need to rest on the tissue for added support. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organisms that never possessed teeth can also be described as edentulous, such as members of the former zoological classification order of Edentata, which included anteaters and sloths, all of which possess no anterior teeth and either no or poorly developed posterior teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The average person can exert 150-200 pounds-force (670-890 N) of muscular force on his or her posterior teeth, which is approximately nine times the amount of force that can be exerted in the anterior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, posterior teeth (i.e. molars and premolars) should in almost all situations be crowned after undergoing root canal therapy to provide for proper protection against fracture (mandibular premolars, being very similar in crown morphology to canines, may in some cases be protected with intracoronal restorations). (wikipedia.org)
  • clasp
  • Thus, Class II RPDs clasp onto teeth that are more towards the front of the mouth, as well as on teeth that are more towards the back of the mouth of the side on which teeth are not missing, while replacing the missing more-back-of-the-mouth teeth on one side with false denture teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • the clasp arms act to hug the teeth and keep the RPD in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the abutment teeth onto which the RPD is supposed to clasp do not possess the proper dimensions or features required, these aspects can be built into what is known as a surveyed crown. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dentistry
  • G.V. Black, the creator of modern dentistry, informed that more than 40% of caries incidences in permanent teeth occurred in pits and fissures due to being able to retain food and plaque. (wikipedia.org)
  • Miller, a pioneer of dentistry, was applying silver nitrate to surfaces of teeth, chemically treating the biofilm with its antibacterial functions against both Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces naeslundii, which are both carious pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental pertains to the teeth, including dentistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • crowns
  • Besides all of the preceding information that concerns single-unit crowns, bridges possess a few additional considerations when it comes to case selection and treatment planning, tooth preparation and restoration fabrication. (wikipedia.org)
  • For porcelin or ceramic crowns the amount of tooth reduction is 2 mm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crowns are often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of a tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crowns are often used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • In such a case, full coverage crowns can alter the size, shape or shade of a patient's teeth while protecting against failure of the restoration. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The oral abnormalities include hypodontia (anodontia and oligodontia) of the primary and permanent teeth in booth maxillaries (predominantly in the mandible), enamel alterations, xerostomia, and all the maxillofacial changes and development consequences arising from lack of teeth, such as disturbances in form and size of the maxillary bones and alveolar ridges, malocclusions, soft tissue defects, reduced vertical dimension, and a typical aged appearance [ 1 - 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • overlay denture a complete denture supported both by soft tissue (mucosa) and by a few remaining natural teeth that have been altered, as by insertion of a long or short coping, to permit the denture to fit over them. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dental restoration falling out or fracturing can also be considered a dental emergency as these can impact on function in regards to aesthetics, eating and pronunciation and as such should be tended to with the same haste as loss of tooth tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dentures are at rest most of the time, so it could be argued that mucostatic impressions make better dentures, however in reality it is likely that tissue adaption to the presence of either a denture made with a mucostatic or a mucocompressive technique make little difference between the two in the long term. (wikipedia.org)
  • gums
  • Hi, there are various reasons of bad breath, like impurities in blood, inefficient digestive system, dry mouth (lack of saliva production), gum disease, cavities, plaque and tartar formation around teeth and gums, kind of diet, improper brushing / cleaning of mouth etc. (lybrate.com)
  • The most common causes are odor producing biofilm on the back of the tongue, below the gumline, and in the pockets created by gum disease between teeth and the gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plaque retention and bacterial presence also affect the gums and bone and their ability to hold the teeth in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disease of the gums, known as periodontitis, leads to detachment of the supporting structures from the teeth and their eventual loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • The loss of minerals from our teeth occurs from the bacteria within our mouths fermenting foods and producing acids, whereas the tooth gains minerals from our saliva and fluoride that is present within our mouths. (wikipedia.org)
  • There have been many attempts made within past decades to prevent the development of caries, in particular occlusal caries as it was once generally accepted that pits and fissures of teeth would become infected with bacteria within 10 years of erupting into the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • When teeth undergo endodontic treatment, or root canal therapy, they are devitalized when the nerve and blood supply are cut off and the space which they previously filled, known as the "pulp chamber" and "root canal", are thoroughly cleansed and filled with various materials to prevent future invasion by bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient's
  • Providing dentures crafted to each patient's treatment needs, delivered with the highest levels of professionalism and care. (wilkusarch.com)
  • Each practice is individually owned and operated by a licensed, general dentist to provide dentures crafted to each patient's treatment needs, delivered with the highest levels of professionalism and care. (wilkusarch.com)
  • The choice of luting agent is also dependent on clinical factors, which includes the patient's occlusion, design of tooth preparation, if adequate moisture control is achievable, type of core material, type of supporting tooth structure, tooth location etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultimately, the durability of restoration attached to the tooth surface using lutes depends on several factors, for instance strength of materials used, operator's skills, tooth type and patient's behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Replacement
  • ordinarily used to designate an artificial replacement for the natural teeth and adjacent tissues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Replacement of missing teeth with fixed bridgework may not always be indicated and both patient factors alongside restorative factors should be considered before deciding if providing fixed bridgework is appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is recommended that a patient experiencing tooth loss visits a dentist to discuss which replacement method is best suited for his or her situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique may be a possible future treatment for replacement of missing teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • 4 (in periodontology) the fixation of periodontal tissues to alveolar bone and tooth structure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An artificial substitute for missing natural teeth and adjacent tissues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the presence of healthy tissues, a well-integrated implant with appropriate biomechanical loads can have 5-year plus survival rates from 93 to 98 percent and 10 to 15 year lifespans for the prosthetic teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dental emergency is a broad, umbrella term used to describe an issue involving the teeth and supporting tissues that is of high importance to be fixed/treated by the relevant professional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain can originate from the tooth, surrounding tissues or can have the sensation of originating in the teeth but be caused by an independent source (orofacial pain and toothache). (wikipedia.org)
  • Odontogenic pain is pain associated with the teeth, originating in the dental pulp and/or the peri-radicular tissues The following table shows the different classifications of pulp status. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dental impression is a negative imprint of hard (teeth) and soft tissues in the mouth from which a positive reproduction (cast or model) can be formed. (wikipedia.org)
  • One way to retract gingival tissues away from the tooth is by insertion of a retraction cord into the gingival crevice. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural teeth
  • interim denture a denture to be used for a short interval of time for reasons of esthetics, mastication, occlusal support, convenience, or to condition the patient to the acceptance of an artificial substitute for missing natural teeth until more definite prosthetic dental treatment can be provided. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • provisional denture an interim denture used for the purpose of conditioning the patient to the acceptance of an artificial substitute for missing natural teeth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • a composition for the purpose of making of artificial teeth either single double or in rows or in complete sets, and also springs for fastening or affixing the same in a more easy and effectual manner than any hitherto discovered which said teeth may be made of any shade or colour, which they will retain for any length of time and will consequently more perfectly resemble the natural teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • bridgework
  • Compare dental plate , fixed bridgework , implant denture . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The survival rate of bridgework can be affected by the span of bridge needed, the proposed position of the bridge, and the size, shape, number and condition of planned abutment teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previously Ante's law, which states that the roots of abutment teeth must have a combined periodontal surface area in three dimensions that is more than that of the missing root structures of the teeth replaced with a bridge, was used in bridgework design. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aesthetics
  • Aesthetics, because the presence of teeth gives a natural appearance to the face, and wearing a denture to replace missing teeth provides support for the lips and cheeks and corrects the collapsed appearance that results from the loss of teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malaligned teeth resulting in poor aesthetics and common path of insertion. (wikipedia.org)
  • indirect
  • Using this indirect method of tooth restoration allows use of strong restorative materials requiring time-consuming fabrication methods requiring intense heat, such as casting metal or firing porcelain which would not be possible to complete inside the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • restorations
  • Abutment teeth of good quality with minimal restorations and enough surface area and enamel present for adhesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the main advantages of fixed prosthodontics when compared to direct restorations is the superior strength when used in large restorations, and the ability to create an aesthetic looking tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • All restorations possess compromised structural and functional integrity when compared to healthy, natural tooth structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anterior teeth (i.e. incisors and canines), which are exposed to significantly lower functional forces, may effectively be treated with intracoronal restorations following root canal therapy if there is enough tooth structure remaining after the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • plaque
  • These molar teeth are considered the most susceptible teeth to dental caries due to the anatomy of the chewing surfaces of these teeth, which unfortunately inhibits protection from saliva and fluoride and instead favours plaque accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • arch
  • There are two main categories of dentures, the distinction being whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or on the maxillary arch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus if, for example, a maxillary arch is missing teeth #1, 3, 7-10 and 16, the RPD would be Kennedy Class III mod 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • toothbrush
  • water pick water toothbrush mouths denture adhesive Description Water Jet Flosser provides a unique combination of water pressure and pulsations to clean deep between teeth and blow the gumline, removing ha. (burrillandco.com)
  • Fissure sealants also provide a smooth surface that is easily accessible for both our natural protective factor, saliva and the toothbrush bristles when cleaning our teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • inadequate
  • Abutment tooth quality inadequate for example may have a reduced surface area, reduced enamel or be heavily restored. (wikipedia.org)
  • extraction
  • This low AP frequency could be related to the frequent extraction of teeth with periapical disease and even with pulpitis , due to the relatively small number of specialists in endodontics in this region of Turkey (27). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since both can atrophy after tooth extraction, pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prescription mouthwashes are used prior to and after oral surgery procedures such as tooth extraction or to treat the pain associated with mucositis caused by radiation therapy or chemotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • presence of teeth
  • As stated, the position of maximal closure in the presence of teeth is referred to as maximum intercuspation, and the vertical jaw relationship in this position is referred to as the vertical dimension of occlusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • partially
  • Depending on where in the mouth teeth are missing, edentulous situations can be grouped under four different categories, as defined by Dr. Edward Kennedy in his classification of partially edentulous arches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persons who have lost teeth are (either partially or completely) edentulous (edentate), whereas those who have not lost teeth can be called dentate by comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this distance is partially maintained as a result of the teeth limiting any further closure past the point of maximum intercuspation. (wikipedia.org)
  • dental caries
  • Dental caries is an upset of the balance between loss and gain of minerals from a tooth surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach facilitates prevention and early intervention, in order to prevent or stop the dental caries process before it reaches the ends stage of the disease, which is also known as the "hole" or cavitation of a tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preventive treatment options for dental caries besides fissure sealants, involve promoting & education on toothbrushing technique with fluoride toothpaste, use of fluoride supplements & application of topical fluorides onto tooth surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • anterior
  • Additionally, the anterior teeth, when present, serve to properly support the lips and provide for certain aesthetic features, such as an acute nasiolabial angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • caries
  • Is it no longer possible to treat the tooth with a filling, since large parts were destroyed by caries or essential parts, such as cusps, missing, remains only the possibility of crowning. (hubpages.com)
  • Conditions that constitute restoration failure include secondary caries, irreversible pulpitis , excessive wear of opposing tooth surfaces, excessive erosion and roughening of the ceramic surface, ditching of the cement margin, unacceptable esthetics, cracking, chipping fracture, and bulk fracture. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This procedure involved creating Class 1 cavity preps of teeth that were considered at risk of developing occlusal caries, which included all pits and fissures. (wikipedia.org)
  • A fixed dental restoration is an appliance designed to replace a tooth or teeth that may have been lost or damaged by injury, caries or other oral diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • pontics
  • They act as abutments and pontics and are made from materials resembling the missing teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unit: Pontics and abutment teeth are referred to as units. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total number of units in a bridge is equal to the number of pontics plus the number of abutment teeth. (wikipedia.org)